Riga Technical University
|Riga Technical University|
|Rīgas Tehniskā universitāte|
Riga Technical University (RTU) (Latvian: Rīgas Tehniskā universitāte) is the oldest technical university in the Baltics established on October 14, 1862.(previously known as Riga Polytechnical Institute and Riga Polytechnicum) is located in Riga, Latvia.
Riga Polytechnical Institute, 1862–1918
Riga Polytechnicum was first established in 1862 and was the first polytechnical institute in Imperial Russia. It offered degrees in agriculture, chemistry, engineering, mechanics, trade and architecture, with education in German language. In 1896, it was renamed Riga Polytechnical Institute and the language of instruction was changed to Russian.
When World War I started in 1914, Riga Polytechnical Institute was evacuated to Moscow and worked there until 1918. After that, part of the faculty returned to Latvia and joined the newly established University of Latvia. Others stayed in Russia and taught at universities there.
Riga Technical University, 1958–present
Riga Polytechnical Institute was re-established in 1958 by splitting off the engineering departments from the State University of Latvia. In 1990, it was renamed to Riga Technical University. The university currently consists of 8 faculties:
- Faculty of Architecture and Urban planning
- Faculty of Building and Civil engineering
- Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology
- Faculty of Electronics and Telecommunications
- Faculty of Engineering economics
- Faculty of Materials Science and Applied Chemistry
- Faculty of Power and Electrical engineering
- Faculty of Transport and Mechanical engineering
As of 2003[update], it had 17,281 students.
The Riga Business School management–education founded in 1991, in a close cooperation with the State University of New York at Buffalo, (USA) and the University of Ottawa, (Canada), it was as the first higher education institution in the Baltic states  which offered Master of Business Administration (MBA) programs in English.
The school currently has more than 800 MBA graduates, mostly middle- and upper-level level managers both in Latvia and abroad. The education standards and structure are adopted from the North-American style MBA, which contains case studies, working in groups, and active participation in classrooms.
Notable faculty and alumni
Some of its most notable graduates are the Latvian-born Nobel Prize laureate Wilhelm Ostwald, the legendary Mayor of Riga George Armitstead, the President of Latvia Andris Bērziņš, Prime Minister Valdis Dombrovskis and many others who have earned distinction in science and society.
- Wilhelm Ostwald – Nobel prize winner in chemistry, faculty 1881–1887
- Alfred Rosenberg – German politician, Minister of Occupied Eastern Territories, alumnus
- Paul Walden – chemist, invented ethylammonium nitrate as the first example of an ionic liquid, alumnus
- Friedrich Zander – rocketry and spaceflight pioneer, alumnus
- Ignacy Mościcki – president of Poland (1922–1939), alumnus
- Bruno Abakanowicz – Polish mathematicial and electrical engineer, alumnus
- Władysław Anders – a general in the Polish army and a politician with the Polish government-in-exile
- Zbigņevs Stankevičs – Roman Catholic metropolitan archbishop of Riga (2010–), alumnus
- Moisei Ginzburg – Constructivist architect (1892–1946), alumnus
- Kristjans Ziverts – Chemistry, agriculture, founding member of the Irkutsk State University, alumnus
- Zigfrīds Anna Meirovics -the first Minister of Foreign Affairs and the second Prime Minister of the Republic of Latvia, RPI graduate (1911)
- Hugo Celmiņš -Politician, social activist, agriculturist, twice held the office of Prime Minister of Latvia. RPI graduate (1903
- Andris Bērziņš – President of the Republic of Latvia, who won the presidential election held on 2 June 2011,RPI graduate (1971)
- Valdis Dombrovskis - Latvian politician who has been Prime Minister of Latvia since 2009, RTU graduate (1995)
- Riga Business School. "History of RBS".