Right Livelihood Award

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Right Livelihood Award
Right Livelihood Award.png
Awarded for "practical and exemplary solutions to the most urgent challenges facing the world today"
Country Sweden
Presented by Right Livelihood Award Foundation
First awarded 1980
Official website rightlivelihood.org
The award ceremony in the Riksdag of Sweden in 2009
The 2009 award is presented to David Suzuki by Jakob von Uexkull (right) and European Commissioner Margot Wallström (left)

The Right Livelihood Award, also referred to as the "Alternative Nobel Prize",[1][2][3][4][5] is a prestigious[1] international award to honour those "working on practical and exemplary solutions to the most urgent challenges facing the world today". The prize was established in 1980 by German-Swedish philanthropist Jakob von Uexkull, and is presented annually in early December.[6] An international jury, invited by the five regular Right Livelihood Award board members, decides the awards in such fields as environmental protection, human rights, sustainable development, health, education, and peace.[7] The prize money is shared among the winners, usually numbering four, and is EUR 200,000.[8] Very often one of the four laureates receives an honorary award, which means that the other three share the prize money.[7]

It is not a Nobel prize (i.e., a prize created by Alfred Nobel). It does not have any organizational ties to the awarding institutions of the Nobel Prize or the Nobel Foundation.

It is often popularly associated with the Nobel prizes, being awarded in the Riksdag of Sweden the day before the Nobel prizes and the economics prize are also awarded in Stockholm, and being understood as a critique of the traditional Nobel prizes.[5] The establishment of the award followed a failed attempt to have the Nobel Foundation create new prizes in the areas of environmental protection, sustainable development and human rights. The prize has been awarded to a diverse group of people and organisations, including Wangari Maathai, Astrid Lindgren, Bianca Jagger, Mordechai Vanunu, Leopold Kohr, Arna Mer-Khamis, Petra Kelly, Survival International, Amy Goodman and Memorial.

Ceremony[edit]

Since 1985, the ceremony has taken place in the Stockholm's old Parliament building, in the days before the traditional Nobel prizes are awarded in the same city. A group of Swedish Parliamentarians from different parties host the ceremony, in 2009 European Commissioner Margot Wallström co-hosted the ceremony.

Nature of the award[edit]

Some media refer to the prize as the Alternative Nobel Prize,.[7] The prize is frequently understood as a critique of the traditional Nobel prizes.[5]

The prize differs significantly from the Nobel Prizes:

  • It is not a fulfillment of Alfred Nobel's bequest and thus not one of Nobel's own prizes
  • It has an open nomination process (anyone can nominate anyone else, except close relatives or their own organizations);[9]
  • It is not limited to specific categories.[8]
  • Prize money is considerably lower than the one of the Nobel Prize. Currently it is 200,000 € compared to about 1,000,000 € for a Nobel Prize.
  • The funds for the prizes are continually acquired by donations, while the Nobel Prizes come from the revenue of Alfred Nobel's fortune. The economics prize is financed by the Sveriges Riksbank.

History[edit]

The 1994 award given to Dr. Sudarshan photographed in BR Hills

Jakob von Uexküll sold his valuable stamp collection to create a prize. He made one million US-dollars which provided the initial funding of the award. Before establishing the award in 1980, von Uexkull had tried to interest the Nobel Foundation in a new prize to be awarded together with the Nobel Prizes. He suggested the establishment of two new prizes, one for ecology and one for development.[10] Like the Economics Prize, this would have been possible by an amendment to the Nobel Foundation statutes and funding of the prize amount completely separate from Nobel's fortune. The Nobel Prize amount was 880,000 Swedish kronor at that time,[11] which corresponded to 195,000 US dollars.[12] However, as a result of the debate that followed the establishment of the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel (first awarded in 1969), the Nobel Foundation had decided not to associate the Nobel Prize with any additional awards, so von Uexküll's proposal was rejected.[13]

The award states that, in the 21st century, the "greatest benefit to mankind" may be found in different fields than in the traditional sciences or in strict categories: the vast majority of award winners work for grassroots non-governmental organisations in their countries. The foundation understands its awards as a complement to the Nobel Prizes.[14]

Since 1980, the foundation has presented, as of 2010, awards to 141 individuals and organisations from 59 countries.[15] Its purpose is both to bestow prizes and to publicize the work of its recipients' local solutions to problems that also exist worldwide.[16]

Laureates[edit]

Year Laureates Country
1980
Hassan Fathy Egypt
Plenty International United States
Guatemala
Lesotho
1981
Mike Cooley United Kingdom
Bill Mollison Australia
Patrick van Rensburg / Education with Production Botswana
South Africa
1982
Erik Dammann / Future in Our Hands Norway
Anwar Fazal Malaysia
Petra Kelly West Germany
Participatory Institute for Development Alternatives Sri Lanka
Sir George Trevelyan, Bt United Kingdom
1983
Leopold Kohr Austria
Amory Lovins and Hunter Lovins / Rocky Mountain Institute United States
Manfred Max-Neef / CEPAUR Chile
High Chief Ibedul Gibbons and the People of Belau Palau
1984
Imane Khalifeh Lebanon
Self-Employed Women's Association / Ela Bhatt India
Winefreda Geonzon / Free Legal Assistance Volunteers' Association (FREE LAVA) Philippines
Wangari Maathai / Green Belt Movement Kenya
1985
Theo Van Boven Netherlands
Cary Fowler (Rural Advancement Fund International) United States
Pat Mooney (Rural Advancement Fund International) Canada
Lokayan / Rajni Kothari India
Duna Kör Hungary
1986
Robert Jungk Austria
Rosalie Bertell Canada
Alice Stewart United Kingdom
Ladakh Ecological Development Group / Helena Norberg-Hodge India
Evaristo Nugkuag / AIDESEP Peru
1987
Johan Galtung Norway
Chipko movement India
Hans-Peter Dürr / Global Challenges Network West Germany
Institute for Food and Development Policy / Frances Moore Lappé United States
Mordechai Vanunu Israel
1988
International Rehabilitation and Research Centre for Torture Victims / Dr. Inge Kemp Genefke Denmark
José Lutzenberger Brazil
John F. Charlewood Turner United Kingdom
Sahabat Alam Malaysia / Mohammed Idris, Harrison Ngau, the Penan people Malaysia
1989
Seikatsu Club Consumers' Co-operative Union Japan
Melaku Worede Ethiopia
Aklilu Lemma / Legesse Wolde-Yohannes Ethiopia
Survival International United Kingdom
1990
Alice Tepper Marlin / Council on Economic Priorities United States
Bernard Lédéa Ouédraogo (de) Burkina Faso
Felicia Langer Israel
ATCC (Asociación de Trabajadores Campesinos del Carare) Colombia
1991
Edward Goldsmith United Kingdom
Narmada Bachao Andolan India
Bengt Danielsson & Marie-Thérèse Danielsson French Polynesia
Senator Jeton Anjain / the People of Rongelap Marshall Islands
Landless Workers' Movement (Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais sem Terra) / CPT (Commissao Pastoral da Terra) Brazil
1992
Finnish Village Action Movement (Kylätoiminta) Finland
Gonoshasthaya Kendra / Zafrullah Chowdhury Bangladesh
Helen Mack Guatemala
John Gofman / Alla Yaroshinskaya United States / Ukraine
1993
Arna Mer-Khamis / Care and Learning Israel
Organisation of Rural Associations for Progress / Sithembiso Nyoni Zimbabwe
Vandana Shiva India
Mary and Carrie Dann of the Western Shoshone Nation US North America
1994
Astrid Lindgren Sweden
SERVOL (Service Volunteered for All) Trinidad & Tobago
Dr. H. Sudarshan / VGKK (Vivekananda Girijana Kalyana Kendra(for working of soliga tribes in MM hills) India
Ken Saro-Wiwa / Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People Nigeria Ogoniland, Nigeria
1995
András Bíró / Hungarian Foundation for Self-Reliance Hungary
Serb Civic Council Bosnia and Herzegovina
Carmel Budiardjo / TAPOL Indonesia / United Kingdom
Sulak Sivaraksa Thailand
1996
Herman Daly United States
Committee of Soldiers' Mothers of Russia Russia
People's Science Movement of Kerala (Kerala Sasthra Sahithya Parishad) India
George Vithoulkas Greece
1997
Joseph Ki-Zerbo Burkina Faso
Jinzaburo Takagi Japan
Mycle Schneider France
Michael Succow Germany
Cindy Duehring United States
1998
International Baby Food Action Network
Samuel Epstein United States
Juan Pablo Orrego Chile
Katarina Kruhonja / Vesna Terselic Croatia
1999
Hermann Scheer Germany
Juan Garcés (es) Spain
COAMA (Consolidation of the Amazon Region) Colombia
Grupo de Agricultura Orgánica Cuba
2000
Tewolde Berhan Gebre Egziabher Ethiopia
Munir Indonesia
Birsel Lemke Turkey
Wes Jackson United States
2001
José Antonio Abreu Venezuela
Gush Shalom / Rachel and Uri Avnery Israel
Leonardo Boff Brazil
Trident Ploughshares United Kingdom
2002
Martin Green Australia
Kamenge Youth Centre (Centre Jeunes Kamenge) Burundi
Kvinna Till Kvinna Sweden
Martín Almada Paraguay
2003
David Lange New Zealand
Walden Bello / Nicanor Perlas Philippines
Citizens' Coalition for Economic Justice South Korea
SEKEM and Ibrahim Abouleish Egypt
2004
Swami Agnivesh / Asghar Ali Engineer India
Memorial Society Russia
Bianca Jagger Nicaragua
Raúl Montenegro Argentina
2005
Maude Barlow and Tony Clarke Canada
Irene Fernandez Malaysia
Roy Sesana and First People of the Kalahari Botswana
Francisco Toledo Mexico
2006
Daniel Ellsberg United States
Ruth Manorama India
Chico Whitaker Brazil
International Poetry Festival of Medellín Colombia
2007
Christopher Weeramantry Sri Lanka
Dekha Ibrahim Abdi Kenya
Percy Schmeiser and Louise Schmeiser Canada
Grameen Shakti Bangladesh
2008
Krishnammal Jagannathan and Sankaralingam Jagannathan LAFTI India
Amy Goodman United States
Asha Haji Elmi Somalia
Monika Hauser Italy
2009
Catherine Hamlin Australia
René Ngongo Democratic Republic of the Congo
David Suzuki Canada
Alyn Ware New Zealand
2010
Nnimmo Bassey Nigeria
Erwin Kräutler Austria
Brazil
Shrikrishna Upadhyay Nepal
Physicians for Human Rights Israel
2011
Huang Ming China
Jacqueline Moudeina Chad
GRAIN
Ina May Gaskin United States
2012
Campaign Against Arms Trade United Kingdom
Gene Sharp United States
Hayrettin Karaca (tr) Turkey
Sima Samar Afghanistan
2013
Paul Walker United States
Hans Rudolf Herren and Biovision Foundation Switzerland
Raji Sourani Gaza
Denis Mukwege Democratic Republic of the Congo

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Indians win 'alternative Nobel'". BBC. 2 October 2008. Retrieved 22 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Peace and Social Justice Workers Receive Alternative Nobel Prize". Deutsche Welle. 01.10.2008. Retrieved 22 March 2011. 
  3. ^ "Global activists honoured with 'Alternative Nobel' prize". The Local. 30 Sep 10. Retrieved 22 March 2011. 
  4. ^ "Israeli doctors' group wins 'alternative' Nobel prize". BBC. 30 September 2010. Retrieved 22 March 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c "Alternativer Nobelpreis: Kampf gegen Klimawandel, Armut, Kriege ausgezeichnet". Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. 13 October 2009. Retrieved 22 March 2011. 
  6. ^ Jawetz, Pincas. 30th Right Livelihood Awards: Wake-up calls to secure our common future. SustainabiliTank. 13 Oct. 2009.
  7. ^ a b c Thorpe, Edgar; Thorpe, Showick. "General Awareness: Right Livelihood Award". Guide to the Combined Defence Services Exam. New Delhi: Pearson Education. p. 26. ISBN 81-317-0074-7. 
  8. ^ a b About the Right Livelihood Award. Accessed October 26, 2010.
  9. ^ Right Livelihood Award: Proposals & Selection Process. Accessed January 24, 2010.
  10. ^ "Right Livelihood Award: History - Setting up the 'Alternative Nobel Prize'". Rightlivelihood.org. Retrieved 2012-07-28. 
  11. ^ "The Nobel Prize Amounts". Nobelprize.org. Retrieved 2012-07-28. 
  12. ^ according to historical exchange rate from
  13. ^ TT-DN (2003-10-02). Alternativt Nobelpris delas på fem. Dagens Nyheter, "Publicerat 2003-10-02 10:08". Retrieved from http://www.dn.se/DNet/jsp/polopoly.jsp?a=188389. (Swedish)
  14. ^ Right Livelihood Foundation (2007-10-02). "2007 Right Livelihood Awards highlight solutions to global challenges". Right Livelihood Foundation. Retrieved 2007-12-12. 
  15. ^ Right Livelihood Award
  16. ^ Right Livelihood Award history

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]