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In a right-to-left, top-to-bottom script (commonly shortened to Text direction RTLdown.svg right to left or abbreviated Text direction RTLdown.svg RTL), writing starts from the right of the page and continues to the left. Examples of right-to-left scripts are:

Right-to-left can also refer to Text direction TDleft.svg top-to-bottom, right-to-left scripts such as Chinese, Japanese, and Korean, though they are also commonly written Text direction LTRdown.svg left to right.

Right-to-left, top-to-bottom text is supported in common consumer software.[1] Often this support must be explicitly enabled. For mixing right-to-left text with left-to-right text, see bi-directional text.

On the other hand, at present, handling of downward text is incomplete. For example, HTML has no support for it and tables are necessary to simulate it. However, CSS level 3 includes a property "writing-mode" which can render tategaki when given the value "tb-rl". Word processors and desktop publishing software have more complete support for it.

RTL Wikipedia languages[edit]

RTL Wikipedias according to bugzilla.wikimedia.org [2] are listed in below:

  • 'ar' => 'العربية', Arabic
  • 'arc' => 'ܐܪܡܝܐ', Aramaic
  • 'bcc' => 'بلوچی مکرانی', Southern Balochi
  • 'bqi' => 'بختياري', Bakthiari
  • 'ckb' => 'Soranî / کوردی', Sorani
  • 'dv' => 'ދިވެހިބަސް', Dhivehi
  • 'fa' => 'فارسی', Persian
  • 'glk' => 'گیلکی', Gilaki
  • 'he' => 'עברית', Hebrew
  • 'ku' => 'Kurdî / كوردی', Kurdish
  • 'mzn' => 'مازِرونی', Mazanderani
  • 'pnb' => 'پنجابی', Western Punjabi
  • 'ps' => 'پښتو', Pashto,
  • 'sd' => 'سنڌي', Sindhi
  • 'ug' => 'Uyghurche / ئۇيغۇرچە', Uyghur
  • 'ur' => 'اردو', Urdu
  • 'yi' => 'ייִדיש', Yiddish

Scripts that are written right-to-left according to the Unicode character database are listed here.

See also[edit]