A rijksmonument (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈrɛiksmoːnyˌmɛnt]) is a national heritage site of the Netherlands, listed by the agency Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed (RCE) acting for the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science.
History and criteria
To be designated, a place must be over 50 years old and meet additional criteria. There are around 51,000 designated rijksmonuments in the Netherlands.
The organization responsible for caring for the monuments, which used to be called Monumentenzorg, was recently renamed, and is now called Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed. In June 2009, the Court of The Hague decided that individual purchasers of buildings that were listed as rijksmonuments would be exempt from paying transfer tax, effective from 1 May 2009. Previously this exemption had only applied to legal entities.
Many Dutch tourist attractions are rijksmonuments, such as castles or windmills. Some notable windmills are De Schoolmeester, Westzaan, a smock mill in Noord Holland, the only wind powered paper mill in the world, listed as rijksmonument number 40013; De Wieker Meule, De Wijk, in Drenthe province, built in 1829 and restored to working order, listed as rijksmonument number 39657; and Mellemolen, a hollow post mill in Friesland, also restored to working order, listed as rijksmonument number 35937. Among the rijksmonuments are also many churches, such as the Saint Remigius Church, Simpelveld, in Limburg province, build in 1921 and with an inventory dating back to 1500.
Other monuments in the Netherlands
A provincial monument (provinciaal monument) is a monument designated by a province. In the Netherlands there are only two provinces that assign monuments, North Holland and Drenthe. The designation allows the provinces to protect the monuments and are a base for the regulation of subsidy for restoring the monuments.
A municipal monument (gemeentelijk monument) is a monuments designated by a municipality. A municipal monument is not of national importance but it is important for the region or city/village.
An archeological monument.
Protected city or landscape views.
Equivalent status outside the Netherlands
- Australia - Australian National Heritage List, Register of the National Estate
- France - Monument historique
- Belgium - Biens classés / Beschermd erfgoed / Kulturdenkmal ("Protected heritage")
- Hong Kong - Historic building, see List of Grade I historic buildings in Hong Kong, List of Grade II historic buildings in Hong Kong and List of Grade III historic buildings in Hong Kong
- New Zealand - New Zealand Historic Places Trust
- United Kingdom - Listed building or Scheduled Ancient Monument
- United States - National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmark
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rijksmonumenten.|
- "Wat is een rijksmonument?" (in Dutch). Retrieved 2009-08-08.
- "Monumentenwet 1988" (in Dutch). Steunpunt Archeologie & Monumentenzorg Limburg. Retrieved 2009-08-21.
- "Monumentenwet (1988)" (in Dutch). Cultureel Erfgoed. Retrieved 2009-08-21.
- "Historical buildings now exempt from tax for individuals". Expatica. Retrieved 2009-08-21.
- Reynolds, John (1974). Windmills & Watermills. London: Hugh Evelyn. pp. p173–74. ISBN 0-238-78943-8.
- "Molendatabase: De Schoolmeester te Westzaan". Technische gegevens (in Dutch). Vereniging De Zaansche Molens. Retrieved 24 August 2009.
- "Molendatabase: De Wieker Meule te De Wijk". Technische gegevens (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 24 August 2009.
- "Technische gegevens" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 24 August 2009.