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Rikka (立花 standing flowers?) is a form of ikebana; the term came to be a popular synonym for ikebana in the 15th century, when rikka became a distinctive element of interior decoration in the reception rooms at the residences of the military leaders, nobility, and priests of the time. The rikka style reflects the magnificence of nature and its display. For example, pine branches symbolize endurance and eternity, and yellow chrysanthemums symbolizes life. The rikka style was established by the Ikenobō school of ikebana developed in Kyoto in the late 15th century. It enjoyed a revival in the 17th century, and was used as a decorative technique for ceremonial and festive occasions. Today it is still practice by the Ikenobo Ikebana school of flower arranging.
- Genshoku Chado Daijiten, ed. Iguchi Kaisen et. al. (Kyoto: Tankosha Publishing Co., 10th printing, 1975) (in Japanese). ISBN 4-473-00089-3 Entry for Kadō.