Rikuchū Province (陸中国 Rikuchū no kuni) was an old province in the area of Iwate and Akita prefectures. It was sometimes called Rikushū (陸州), with Rikuzen and Mutsu Provinces.
Rikuchu covered most of modern-day Iwate Prefecture, with the exceptions of Kesen District, Rikuzentakata City, Ōfunato City, and Kamaishi City, and also including Kazuno City and Kosaka Town in Akita Prefecture.
Rikuchū was created shortly after the Meiji Restoration out of part of Mutsu Province.
- December 7, 1868 (January 19, 1869 in the Gregorian calendar) Rikuchu Province is separated from Mutsu Province
- 1872 A census estimates the population at 510,521
- Isawa (胆沢郡)
- Iwai (磐井郡)
- Iwate (岩手郡)
- Esashi (江刺郡)
- Kunohe (九戸郡)
- Kazuno (鹿角郡)
- Shiwa (紫波郡)
- Hienuki (稗貫郡)
- Hei (閉伊郡)
- Waga (和賀郡)
Media related to Rikuchu Province at Wikimedia Commons