Rikuchū Province (陸中国 Rikuchū no kuni) was an old province in the area of Iwate and Akita Prefectures. It was sometimes called Rikushū (陸州), with Rikuzen and Mutsu Provinces.
Rikuchu covered most of modern-day Iwate Prefecture: with the exceptions of Ninohe District, Ninohe City, the northern portion of Hachimantai City, and the northern portion of Kuzumaki Town; Kesen District, Rikuzentakata City, Ōfunato City, and the southern portion of Kamaishi City; but also including Kazuno City and Kosaka Town in Akita Prefecture.
Rikuchū was created shortly after the Meiji Restoration out of part of Mutsu Province.
- December 7, 1868 (January 19, 1869 in the Gregorian calendar) Rikuchu Province is separated from Mutsu Province
- 1872 A census estimates the population at 510,521
Media related to Rikuchu Province at Wikimedia Commons