Rikugi-en

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Rikugi-en
六義園
A panoramic view of the Rikugi-en Garden from the Fujishiro-toge hill vantage point. Green trees surround a serene lake.
A view of the Rikugi-en Garden from the Fujishiro-toge hill
Location Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo
Area 87,809.41 m2 (945,172.6 sq ft)
Created 1938 (1938)
Operated by Tokyo metropolitan parks
Parking None
Public transit access Komagome Station
Website Official website (Japanese)

Rikugien Garden (六義園 Rikugi-en[1]?) is a Tokyo metropolitan park in Bunkyō-ku. The name Rikugi-en means Garden of the Six Principles of Poetry which comes from the idea of the six elements in waka poetry while en means garden or park. The park consists of a small pond, trees, and a hill. The traditional Japanese garden within the park is a tourist attraction.

History[edit]

The construction of the park took place between 1695 and 1702 and was headed by Yanagisawa Yoshiyasu by permission of the fifth shōgun Tokugawa Tsunayoshi and is a typical example of a garden from the Edo period. After the death of Yanagisawa it was neglected. The founder of Mitsubishi, Iwasaki Yataro bought the garden in 1878 and restored it.[2]

In 1938, it was donated to the Tokyo City government. It was specified as a special place of scenic beauty (特別名勝 tokubetsu meishō?) by the Japanese government in 1953.[3]

Access[edit]

The park is open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. It is a short walk from Komagome Station on the JR Yamanote line and the Tokyo Metro Namboku Line. There are no parking lots.

General admission (junior high school and above) is 300 yen. People over 65 pay 150 yen, and students under junior high school age (and junior high school students living or studying in the Tokyo metropolitan area) may enter for free.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Easily misread as Rokugien, because Kanji 六 read as roku in Go-on (呉音) is basic knowledge among Japanese, but read as riku in kan-on (漢音) is not.
  2. ^ Mansfield. Page 87.
  3. ^ 東京都公園協会. "公園概要" (in Japanese). Retrieved October 19, 2009. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Mansfield, Stephen (2011). Japan's Master Gardens - Lessons in Space and Environment (Hardback). Tokyo, Rutland, Singapore: Tuttle. ISBN 978-4-8053-1128-8. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°43′59″N 139°44′48″E / 35.73306°N 139.74667°E / 35.73306; 139.74667