|Highest elevation||Mount Uahu
Rimatara is the westernmost inhabited island in the Austral Islands of French Polynesia. It has a total surface area of 8.6 km2 (3.3 sq mi) and a population of 786 inhabitants (as of 2007 census). It is located 550 km (340 mi) south of Tahiti and 150 km (93 mi) west of Rurutu. The commune of Rimatara includes the small and uninhabited Maria Islands.
Rimatara is a circular volcanic plateau surrounded by a reef with a height of 8 to 10 meters (26 to 32 feet). The highest point, at the peak of Mount Uhau, is 83 meters (272 feet). The main villages are Amaru (the capital), Anapoto and Mutuaura.
Rimatara was one of the last Polynesia islands to welcome European visitors. Captain Samuel Pinder Henry discovered the island in 1821. Two missionaries arrived in 1822 and established a Protestant mission. France established a protectorate in 1889 and annexed Rimatara in 1900.
|Overseas collectivity||French Polynesia|
|• Mayor||Georges Hatitio|
|• Land1||9.13 km2 (3.53 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||86/km2 (220/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||98743 / 98752|
|Elevation||0–83 m (0–272 ft)|
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
- Annuaire des établissements français de l'Océanie pour 1892. Imp. du gouvenement. 1892. p. 112.
- Ch Mourey, Louis Brunel, ed. (1902). "Annexion de l'île Rurutu et dépendances". L'Année Coloniale 3. C. Tallandier. p. 232.
- Great Britain, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, ed. (1904). British and Foreign State Papers, Volume 94. Harrison and Sons, London. pp. 1304–1305.
- (English) http://www.thetahititraveler.com/islandguide/rimataraintro.asp
- (French) http://www.iero.org/sites/fenua/australes/rimatara/index.html
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