Rimouski

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Rimouski
City
The "Salle Desjardins-Telus"
The "Salle Desjardins-Telus"
Official seal of Rimouski
Seal
Coat of arms of Rimouski
Coat of arms
Motto: Legi patrum fidelis (Fidèles à la loi de nos pères)
Location within Rimouski-Neigette RCM.
Location within Rimouski-Neigette RCM.
Rimouski is located in Eastern Quebec
Rimouski
Rimouski
Location in eastern Quebec.
Coordinates: 48°27′N 68°32′W / 48.450°N 68.533°W / 48.450; -68.533Coordinates: 48°27′N 68°32′W / 48.450°N 68.533°W / 48.450; -68.533[1]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Bas-Saint-Laurent
RCM Rimouski-Neigette
Constituted January 1, 2002
Government[2]
 • Mayor Éric Forest
 • Federal riding Rimouski-Neigette—Témiscouata—Les Basques
 • Prov. riding Rimouski
Area[2][3]
 • City 529.50 km2 (204.44 sq mi)
 • Land 339.84 km2 (131.21 sq mi)
 • Urban[4] 40.82 km2 (15.76 sq mi)
 • Metro[5] 631.22 km2 (243.72 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • City 46,860
 • Density 137.9/km2 (357/sq mi)
 • Urban[4] 37,664
 • Urban density 922.6/km2 (2,390/sq mi)
 • Metro[5] 50,912 (62nd)
 • Metro density 80.7/km2 (209/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 3.7%
 • Dwellings 22,703
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) G5L to G5N
Area code(s) 418 and 581
Highways
A-20

Route 132
Route 232
Geocode 24 10043
People Rimouskois, Rimouskoises
Website www.ville.rimouski.qc.ca

Rimouski is a Canadian city located in the Bas-Saint-Laurent (Quebec) region at the mouth of the Rimouski River. It has a population of 46,860 (as of 2011) and many tourist, cultural and industrial attractions.[citation needed]

Rimouski is the site of Université du Québec à Rimouski (UQAR), the Cégep de Rimouski (which includes the fr:Institut Maritime du Québec) and the Music Conservatory. It is also the home of some ocean sciences research centres (see below).

History[edit]

The city was founded by Sir René Lepage de Ste-Claire in 1696. Originally from Ouanne in the Burgundy region, he exchanged property he owned on the Île d'Orléans with Augustin Rouer de la Cardonnière for the Seigneurie of Rimouski, which extended along the St. Lawrence River from the Hâtée River at Le Bic to the Métis River. De la Cardonnière had been the owner of Rimouski since 1688, but had never lived there. René Lepage moved his family to Rimouski, where it held the seigneurie until 1790, when it was sold to the Quebec City businessman Joseph Drapeau.

The "Maison Lamontagne" was built in 1750 per Marie-Agnès Lepage, granddaughter of René Lepage de Ste-Claire. It carries now the surname of the family that resided at it in 1844. It is one of the oldest half-timbered houses in Quebec and is within what is now called the District of Rimouski-Est.

"Maison Lamontagne"

Today, a boulevard, park and monument at the western entrance of the Rimouski bear the name of René Lepage.

The "Red Night"[edit]

On May 6, 1950 Rimouski suffered a severe fire, in which 319 houses burned to the ground. This event is known as La nuit rouge (French for Red Night). The fire originated in the Price Brothers Company yard on the left shore of the Rimouski River and quickly crossed the river and spread throughout the city pushed by strong winds, destroying half of the city. No one died in the blaze. Legend has it that a priest sprinkled holy water around the city's cathedral and that the fire would not cross the line.

Municipal council[edit]

The city is divided into 11 districts. Six of those districts (Pointe-au-Père, Sainte-Blandine, Rimouski-Est, Sainte-Odile-sur-Rimouski and Le Bic) were small communities but were merged within Rimouski in 2002, except for Le Bic, which was merged in 2009. The municipal council is composed of the mayor and eleven councillors, each one representing a district. The municipality is not twinned with any other.[6]

mandate fonctions name(s)
2009–2013 Mayor Éric Forest
Districts
#1 Sacré-Coeur Marc St-Laurent
#2 Nazareth Rodrigue Joncas
#3 Saint-Germain Jennifer Murray
#4 Rimouski-Est Denise Banville
#5 Pointe-au-Père Raymond-Marie Murray
#6 Sainte-Odile Donald Bélanger
#7 Saint-Robert Christian Tremblay
#8 Terrasse Arthur-Buies Jean-Yves Beaulieu
#9 Saint-Pie X Karol Francis
#10 Sainte-Blandine/Mont-Lebel Bernard Lepage
#11 Le Bic Claude Gauthier

Economy[edit]

Health[edit]

Regional Hospital of Rimouski

The largest employer in Rimouski and the region is the Regional Hospital of Rimouski with 2200 employees and 170 doctors. It handles a budget of more than 150 million dollars. Since 2004 the hospital is known as CSSS Rimouski-Neigette. The hospital serves the large majority of patients in the region as far as Gaspé. Several medical specialties are present at the hospital such as cardiology, endocrinology, fertility, gastro-enterology, hematology, obstetric-gynecology, neurology, oncology, ORL, orthopedic, pediatric, rhumatology, surgery, and urology. The hospital also has several departments such as emergency, intensive care, and pharmacy. Several medical clinics surround the hospital located on Rouleau Avenue. The CLSC however is located in front of the ob-gyn clinic on du Gouverneur Street.

Maritime sector[edit]

One of Rimouski's primary economy field is the maritime sector. The town welcomes students at the fr:Institut maritime du Québec (IMQ), which offer exclusively marine-related programs of studies. Rimouski is also the home of many marine research centres, such as the fr:Institut des sciences de la mer (ISMER), the fr:Centre de recherche sur les biotechnologies marines (CRBM) and the fr:Centre interdisciplinaire de développement en cartographie des océans (CIDCO).

Rimouski is also home to the headquarters of the St. Lawrence Global Observatory (SLGO) [2], an inter-institutional group seeking to provide, through its Internet portal, an integrated and rapid access to data and information concerning the global ecosystem of the St. Lawrence, in order to promote sustainable management.

A ferry named the CNM Evolution traverses to Forestville twice daily from May to September.[7][8]

The port operates five berths ranging from 130 to 213 metres in length, with a water depth of 7.3 metres, and is mainly used for the transshipment of salt.[9]

Transportation and tourism[edit]

The Walk of the Sea at Rimouski.

There is a municipal airport (IATA airport code YXK) that serves only for general aviation and cargo. The city is also served by the regional Mont-Joli Airport (YYY), 35 km to the east of Rimouski, with daily passenger flights to Quebec City, Montreal, and other provincial and Labrador destinations.

Between April and October, the CNM Evolution, a ferry service, operates across the Saint Lawrence River between Rimouski and Forestville, Quebec. This ferry is the fastest in the province of Quebec, crossing the river in only 55 minutes.

One end of the Nordik-Express line is in Rimouski; other stops (on the North Shore) of this weekly 1150km-long line are in Sept-Îles, Port-Menier, Havre-St-Pierre, Natashquan, Kegaska, La Romaine, Harrington Harbour, Tête-à-la-Baleine, La Tabatière, Pointe-a-la-truite, Blanc Sablon and Sainte-Barbe, Newfoundland.[10]

The Canadian National south shore railway passes through town, and there is a VIA Rail service three times weekly, which unfortunately transits just after midnight to Quebec City.

The Orleans Express bus service is more reliable than VIA; Rimouski station is on the main thoroughfare from Quebec City to the maritime provinces.

One of the town's main tourist attractions is the Site historique maritime de la Pointe-au-Père, which features an exhibit on the RMS Empress of Ireland disaster and the Pointe-au-Père lighthouse. The museum's exhibit on the RMS Empress of Ireland disaster commemorates the loss of 1,012 persons in the most fatal shipwreck in the 20th century, after the infamous Titanic tragedy.

Culture[edit]

Rimouski has an active cultural life, being the host of the festivals like Festi Jazz International since 1982, the Grandes fêtes du St-Laurent, a familial musical event taking place the first week-end of July and an international films festival, the Carrousel international du film de Rimouski.

In November, the town is the host of the yearly Salon du Livre de Rimouski, the oldest event of the kind in the province of Quebec. It was created in 1964 by a group of women with a passion for literature, who wished to make literature more accessible to young readers. Every year, more than 125 authors from the region and its surroundings participate in the event, and over 300 Quebec Publishers distribute about 75 stands among themselves. Supported by Canada Heritage, the Canada Council of the Arts, the Society of development of the cultural companies of Quebec and the city of Rimouski, the event attracts more than 8000 visitors per year.

Sports[edit]

The town is also enthusiastic about sporting events. The town hosted the Jeux du Québec in 2001 and was the host of the Memorial Cup Tournament in 2009.

Since 1995, the town has been home to a QMJHL team, the Rimouski Océanic. Former Océanic players include Sidney Crosby, Vincent Lecavalier, Michel Ouellet and Brad Richards.

Climate[edit]

Rimouski has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with cold, snowy winters and warm summers.

Climate data for Rimouski (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
12.5
(54.5)
21.1
(70)
29.0
(84.2)
32.8
(91)
35.0
(95)
36.0
(96.8)
33.9
(93)
33.0
(91.4)
26.5
(79.7)
21.5
(70.7)
15.0
(59)
36.0
(96.8)
Average high °C (°F) −7.4
(18.7)
−5.3
(22.5)
0.0
(32)
7.3
(45.1)
14.8
(58.6)
20.6
(69.1)
23.3
(73.9)
22.1
(71.8)
17.2
(63)
10.0
(50)
3.2
(37.8)
−3.3
(26.1)
8.5
(47.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −11.4
(11.5)
−9.4
(15.1)
−4.1
(24.6)
3.3
(37.9)
9.9
(49.8)
15.4
(59.7)
18.3
(64.9)
17.3
(63.1)
12.9
(55.2)
6.6
(43.9)
0.3
(32.5)
−6.7
(19.9)
4.4
(39.9)
Average low °C (°F) −15.4
(4.3)
−13.5
(7.7)
−8.1
(17.4)
−0.8
(30.6)
4.9
(40.8)
10.2
(50.4)
13.3
(55.9)
12.6
(54.7)
8.5
(47.3)
3.1
(37.6)
−2.6
(27.3)
−10
(14)
0.2
(32.4)
Record low °C (°F) −33
(−27)
−32
(−26)
−25.5
(−13.9)
−22
(−8)
−7.2
(19)
0.0
(32)
3.0
(37.4)
0.0
(32)
−1.1
(30)
−7.8
(18)
−16.5
(2.3)
−30.6
(−23.1)
−33
(−27)
Precipitation mm (inches) 71.1
(2.799)
64.7
(2.547)
60.4
(2.378)
65.4
(2.575)
84.8
(3.339)
84.9
(3.343)
91.3
(3.594)
85.5
(3.366)
87.9
(3.461)
91.5
(3.602)
83.5
(3.287)
87.6
(3.449)
958.5
(37.736)
Rainfall mm (inches) 8.0
(0.315)
8.2
(0.323)
14.6
(0.575)
50.8
(2)
83.5
(3.287)
84.9
(3.343)
91.3
(3.594)
85.5
(3.366)
87.9
(3.461)
89.7
(3.531)
56.7
(2.232)
25.4
(1)
686.5
(27.028)
Snowfall cm (inches) 63.1
(24.84)
56.4
(22.2)
45.8
(18.03)
16.1
(6.34)
1.3
(0.51)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
1.8
(0.71)
26.8
(10.55)
62.2
(24.49)
273.5
(107.68)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 15.1 12.3 11.5 12.7 14.4 14.6 15.3 13.8 14.2 15.4 13.3 14.2 166.7
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 1.4 1.6 3.4 10.1 14.3 14.6 15.3 13.8 14.2 15.3 8.6 3.0 115.6
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 14.2 11.2 8.4 3.4 0.46 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.43 6.0 11.9 56.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 52.8 89.3 134.3 155.4 192.2 217.2 231.5 221.1 157.7 95.8 55.3 51.9 1,654.5
Percent possible sunshine 19.4 31.3 36.5 38.0 40.8 45.1 47.7 49.8 41.6 28.5 19.9 19.9 34.9
Source: Environment Canada[11][12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]