Ring-tailed mongoose

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ring-tailed mongoose
Galidia elegans 001.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Eupleridae
Subfamily: Galidiinae
Genus: Galidia
Species: G. elegans
Binomial name
Galidia elegans
Saint-Hilaire, 1837
Galidia elegans range map.svg
Ring-tailed mongoose range
Skull and dentition, as illustrated in Gervais' Histoire naturelle des mammifères

The ring-tailed mongoose (Galidia elegans) is a euplerid, a carnivoran native to Madagascar.[2] There is actually much disagreement about the placement of Madagascar's carnivores including the ring-tailed mongoose, within the phylogenetic tree. Recent molecular work by Anne Yoder et al. (2003) reported in the journal "Nature" suggests that the Malagasy Carnivora evolved from a single herpestid (mongoose) ancestor.[full citation needed]

A monotypic genus, Galidia literally means "little weasel", being a diminutive form of galeē, ‘weasel’ in ancient Greek.[3] Its local common name is vontsira mena, ‘red vontsira’ in Malagasy.[4]

The ring-tailed mongoose is relatively small but is the largest member of the subfamily Galidiinae. It is usually 32 to 38 cm (12.5 to 15 in) long and weighs only 700 to 900 g (24 to 32 oz). Its body is long and slender, and the rounded head has a pointed snout. The body is a dark red color and the feet are black. As the name implies, its bushy tail is covered with black and red rings.

Ring-tailed mongooses are very agile, and good climbers. They are quite playful and are active during the day. Their habitat consists of humid forests.

Their diet is mostly of small mammals, invertebrates, fish, reptiles and eggs, but they occasionally eat insects and fruit. The population of ring-tailed mongooses has decreased by 20% over the past ten years due to habitat loss.[citation needed] Another problem is competition with the small Indian civet (Vivericula indica).[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hawkins, A.F.A. (2008). Galidia elegans. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 22 March 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of least concern
  2. ^ Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 532–628. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  3. ^ Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary
  4. ^ Blench, Roger and Martin Walsh, Faunal names in Malagasy: their etymologies and implications for the prehistory of the East African coast (2009)

External links[edit]