A young girl playing Ringette
Ringette is a team sport activity played on an ice surface. Ringette uses some rules and equipment that are similar to ice hockey; it requires the use of lightweight, straight, hollow sticks to control a blue rubber ring; with the objective of the game being to score goals by shooting the ring into the opponent's net. The sport is officially co-ed, though it is primarily played by female participants.
- 1 History
- 2 Overview
- 3 Equipment
- 4 Differences from hockey
- 5 Ringette and the Olympics
- 6 Ringette and Feminism
- 7 Levels of play in Canada
- 8 Ringette around the world
- 9 World Ringette Championship
- 10 World championships of clubs
- 11 World Junior Ringette Championships
- 12 Notable international players
- 13 References
- 14 External links
The game of ringette was invented in 1963 by the Northern Ontario Recreation Directors Association (NORDA) and led by the two founders of Ringette, Sam Jacks, from West Ferris, Ontario, director of Parks and Recreation for the city of North Bay, Ontario and Mirl "Red" McCarthy, recreation director for the town of Espanola, Ontario. The birthplace of ringette is Espanola, where the first game was played in the fall of 1963 under the direction of McCarthy.
NORDA was a regional organization composed of members from a large area that included the Ontario communities of North Bay, Espanola, Deep River, Elliot Lake, Huntsville, Sturgeon Falls, Timmins, Sault Ste. Marie, Sudbury, Onaping and Phelps; as well as Témiscaming, Québec. The body recognized the problem of limited girls' winter recreational programmes and decided to find a solution.
The first time the name "ringette" is mentioned was at the NORDA meetings held on January 20 and 21, 1963 in Sudbury. Jacks advised the group that "he had been working on a new girls court game". Evidently he first considered an inside floor game for females, relying no doubt on his previous success with floor hockey.
At their September 15 and 16, 1963 meeting at North Bay's RCAF base, Jacks informed the group that he would "like to have NORDA receive credit as a body for the birth of this game." Each one of the sports directors left this meeting agreeing to develop the game in their own community and report their findings at the next NORDA meeting in early 1964.
Under the guidance of Mirl "Red" McCarthy, the first game of ringette was held between Espanola high school girls at the Espanola Arena in the fall of 1963. He wrote up a set of rules and created a ring for this occasion, still on display inside the Espanola arena.
In 1963-1964, McCarthy's original ringette rules become experimental in several Northern Ontario and Quebec communities:
- Espanola, Ontario Arena
- Onaping, Ontario Playground
- Sudbury, Ontario Kingsway Playground
- Sudbury Grace Playground
- Sudbury Adamsdale Playground
- Sudbury Barrydowne Playground
- Sault Ste. Marie,Ontario
- Témiscaming, Québec Arena
McCarthy presents a written list of rules which he had developed, combined with comments and observations, to NORDA at their meeting at Moose Lake Lodge in Onaping, on January 19 and 20, 1964.
Ringette is introduced to the province of Québec by Bob Reid, director of recreation for Témiscaming, secretary and chairman of NORDA.
In 1964-1965, Sudbury, Ontario forms the first ever ringette league, comprising four teams. Diana Heit, assistant program director of Sudbury Parks and Recreation department, helps the teams with schedules, rules and coaching.
Ringette is introduced in North Bay on January 21, 1965 at the Kiwanis Playground with teams from Kiwanis and Police zones participating. The game ended in a 5-5 overtime tie. Attempts are being made to form a four team league. Ironically, growth in ringette came slowly to North Bay as ice time was never available. It was not until 1971-72 that West Ferris, Ontario, today part of North Bay, had a four-team league operating.
The West Ferris Arena (West Ferris Centennial Community Centre) was built in 1967, four years after the birth and invention of the sport in 1963 in Espanola, Ontario. This arena,along with the surrounding ballfields and tennis courts, is today called the Sam Jacks Recreational Complex.
On March 5, 1966, the first invitational tournament, called the "Northern Ontario and Quebec championships", is held in Temiscaming, Quebec. The tournament took place with five teams participating: North Bay Police playground, Sudbury Rose Marie Playground, Sudbury East End playground, Temiscaming Reds, and Temiscaming Whites. The tournament is won by the Temiscaming Reds team. This historic tournament created many firsts for the game of ringette:
- The first ringette tournament.
- The first interprovincial tournament.
- The first tournament in Quebec.
- The first tournament for the Canadian and World Championship.
- The first indoor tournament.
- The first tournament on artificial ice.
- The first crests ever created and awarded for the sport.
By 1965-66, NORDA decided that they had carried the game about as far as it could go. The Society of Directors of Municipal Recreation of Ontario (SDMRO) was chosen to develop and organize it further on a larger scale.
By 1973, an agreement was worked out between SDMRO and the Ontario Ringette Association (ORA) where the copyright to the Official Ringette Rules would be held by the ORA. Finally, in 1983 in agreement with the ORA, these rights were acquired by Ringette Canada.
After Sam Jack died in May 1975, his wife Agnes has promoted the game over the years until her own death in April 2005. She was awarded the Order of Canada.
Like hockey, a team plays short-handed (is down one or two players) when a player gets a penalty and must sit for a defined interval in the penalty box. Regardless of the number of players in the penalty box, at least three skaters must be present on the ice at all times. No players are added to the ice until there is only one left in the box (i.e. add the 4th skater to the ice).
A team may pull the goalie off the ice and substitute a 4th attacker when the opposing team has a delayed penalty or in the last 5 minutes of the game. If the goalie is pulled and the play returns to that team's defensive end, one skater may become an acting goalkeeper (AGK). Once she enters the crease, she is bound by the same rules as a regular goalkeeper. When the opposing team's penalty is called (they take possession of the ring), the extra skater leaves the ice and the goalie returns to the net.
The game begins with the visiting team receiving control of the ring on the defending half of the center circle. One player from the visiting team must pass the ring to another player within 5 seconds, without leaving the half circle or crossing the centre line, or else possession is lost and granted to the opposing team.
Players are not permitted to carry the ring over the 2 blue lines; they can advance the ring over the line only by passing it to another player. The ring must be touched by any other player first, but does not need to be under control before the passer take possession again (e.g. the passer bounces the ring off a player's skate and then picks it up). If a player touches the ring consecutively on both sides of the blue line their team loses possession and the opposing team is given a face off.
If a goaltender throws the ring across the blue line, a delayed violation is signalled. The goaltender may use their stick to pass the ring over the blue line.
Extended Zone Line
The red line at the top of the defensive circles is called the Extended Zone Line. It marks the restricted area of each team's attacking/defending zones. Only 3 players from each team, plus the defending goaltender, are permitted into the restricted areas.
- The defending team must have one player out of the free play area. If a team has 2 penalized players, only two players in addition to the goaltender may be in the zone.
- If a team has pulled their goaltender, an additional player is allowed into the attacking or defending zone. The goaltender must be completely off the ice before the additional player is permitted to enter. Once the goalie is pulled, any of the players from that team may enter the net and play as goalie - but cannot carry the ring out of the net.
If the violation is non-intentional, the team in violation will lose possession of the ring and have it granted to the non-offending team. If the violation is deemed intentional, a delay of game penalty is assessed (rare). If an intentional violation occurs in the last 2 minutes of the game, a penalty shot is awarded instead. The Extended Zone Line is also known as the "ringette line".
The crease is essentially an invisible wall from ice to ceiling located in front of the goal mouth and defined by a red semi circle on the ice. Goaltenders are the only players permitted in the crease. If a member of the team with ring possession violates the crease with a stick, skate, arm, etc., the play is stopped and the goalie receives the ring. If any member of the non-possession team violates the crease, their team cannot touch the ring for five seconds (counted by the referee), or possession of the ring is given to the other team.
When the ring enters the crease, the goaltender then has five seconds to throw, pass with stick, deflect, or push the ring out to another player. If the goalie does not pass it within five seconds, the ring is awarded to the other team for a free pass from one of the defensive free play circles. The goalie may use the stick to touch the ring outside the crease, and can also pass through the crease, but may not pull it into the crease unless pull it all the way through and out with one motion. Otherwise, this results in a loss of possession, and a penalty if she has already been given a warning. The goalie may not pick up or cover the ring with her glove outside the crease. The goalie can push the ring with a hand when outside the crease, as can any other player.
The team in possession of the ring has 30 seconds to shoot, it is not always played this way with the younger girls (U12), or it gives up possession to the other team. The shot clock is reset when possession of the ring changes teams, when the ring stops in the goaltender's crease, or when the ring bounces off the goalie. The shot clock is only applied in competitive levels, starting at the petite level (10 to 11). Many league rinks do not have shot clock displays so this rule is rarely used.
A violation is a minor penalty called for violations of game play rules, usually due to improper movement or handling of the ring. Common violations include entering the crease, touching the ring on either side of the blue line, four players in the zone and 2 (blue) line passes.
If a violation is committed by the team in possession of the ring, play is stopped immediately. The ring is awarded to the opposing team in the zone the violation occurred. If a violation is committed by the team not in possession of the ring, a 'delayed violation' is signaled by the official (arm raised with a 90 degree bend at the elbow) and a 5-second count begins. If the team in violation touches the ring within that time period, play is stopped and the violation is assessed. If the count expires, the violation is dropped and play continues.
If a violation occurs that would award the defending team a free pass in their own zone, the ring is given to the goaltender as a "goalie ring". Play resumes immediately when the goaltender receives the ring. Time is not provided for teams to perform line changes as can be done on a free pass, although on-the-fly changes are permitted as in normal play.
Penalties in ringette have the same concept as in hockey, with the notable exception that less body contact is allowed, and fighting has a zero-tolerance policy. Penalties are of the following classes:
- Minor penalties, such as boarding, charging, cross checking, elbowing, holding, illegal substitution, hooking, high-sticking, tripping, body contact, slashing, unsportsmanlike conduct and interference. The offending player must sit in the penalty box for 2–4 minutes depending on the severity of the penalty (other exceptions apply) and her team plays short-handed. The penalty ends when the team with the penalty is scored on, or the penalty time runs out. (If the defense is serving two penalties, the oldest penalty ends.)
- A major penalty is assessed for serious offenses, generally involving intent to injure or an intentional penalty action to prevent a shot during the attacking team's breakaway. Major penalties are 4 minutes in length and do not end upon the scoring of a goal. Interruption of a breakaway by a penalty action can result in a penalty shot.
-- body contact, slashing, tripping, boarding, charging and any other physical contact penalty, and unsportsmanlike can become a 4 minute major penalty depending on the severity and roughness. Also, players can receive two penalties at the same time for a combination of four or more minutes.
- Misconduct and Match penalties may also be called. They result in a player's ejection from the game. Misconduct and Major penalties also incur a 2- or 4-minute fully served penalty to be served by a teammate, unless the penalty is assessed to a non-playing bench member.
When a penalty is assessed against the goalie, a teammate on the ice at the time of the offence must serve it.
If the team not in control of the ring commits a penalty, play is not stopped until the penalized team gains control. This is called a delayed penalty. A minor penalty is nullified if a goal is scored during the delay, unless penalties of equal class were called on both teams. While the penalty is delayed, the attacking team can add a sixth skater to the ice by pulling their goalie. This player can enter the play zone as the 4th attacker.
A team can work off at most two penalties at a time. If a team commits a third penalty, the penalized player sits in the penalty box, but her interval does not start until the first of the other penalties expires (and so forth if there are more penalties). A team plays with a minimum of three skaters on the ice, regardless of the number of penalties. If freeing a player from the penalty box would give the team more players on the ice than it is entitled to (such as when the team is down to three attackers, but there are two other players in the penalty box), she will not be freed until a whistle stops play. During the stoppage, the team must remove one player from the ice to return to its proper strength.
A team with two penalties can have only two players (instead of the usual three) in its defensive zone. But if a third person is active in the defensive zone while two man down a third penalty will be called. If there is a third penalty that penalty time won't start till the first penalty is over. All three players may enter the offensive zone.
Required equipment for ringette is similar to hockey:
- ringette stick - are generally lightweight composite or hollow wood, with metal or ridged plastic tips. Heavily splintered sticks are not permitted.
- ringette ring
- hockey skates - goalies may choose to use goalie skates
- shin pads, worn under the pants (or goalie pads)
- protective girdle with a 'cup' or a 'jill' to protect genitals
- ringette pants - covering pants.
- hockey gloves (ringette gloves have been phased out due to a lack of hard padding)
- elbow pads
- helmet with ringette facemask (must have a triangle bar pattern-either full or half with a plexiglass shield for the eyes; square bars are disallowed because the stick tip can fit through the spaces)
- neck guard
- shoulder pads - in some associations/provinces, shoulder pads are optional after U12. In Ontario, shoulder pads are necessary until 18+, other provinces may vary.
- wrist guards - optional
- also, in some places mouthguards are necessary too but in most places they are not required.
The ringette facemask is much like a hockey one except the bars are spaced so that the end of a ringette stick cannot enter the mask. (triangles not squares)
Ringette sticks have tapered ends, with plastic or metal tips specially designed with grooves to increase the lift and velocity of the wrist shot. A ringette stick is also reinforced to withstand the body weight of a player - a ring carrier leans heavily on his/her stick to prevent opposing players from removing the ring. Sticks are flexible and lightweight to bend without breaking.
Differences from hockey
Ringette is related to ice hockey in equipment, number and types of players, and playing surface, but differs in rules and approach to the game. In hockey, puck handling requires agility and concentration. In ringette, the challenge is in catching or "stabbing" the ring. To catch a ring, a player must stab through the hole in the ring with the stick, usually while the player is on the move, a skill that takes years to master. Once caught, the ring is easier to control than a puck is, but ringette's blue-line rules force more passing. This makes ringette a fast-paced game centered around skating and precision passing. As a result, players learn teamwork; a team cannot depend on one or two dominant players. And, it is deemed the "fastest game on ice" because of this fact. The lack of "puck"-handling in ringette allows players to focus on improving their skating, which increases the tempo of the game. Increased control over the ring often results in higher scores, despite the ring being larger, lighter, and slower than a puck when shot. Also, players cannot enter the crease so their shots are taken from farther away and must be more precise than in hockey.
Ringette and the Olympics
Ringette is currently not in the Olympics. It is very popular in Canada and has been gaining popularity in other countries slowly. Currently, there has been a lot of attention brought about stemming in Canada to try to get the sport recognized in the winter Olympic games. Attention methods have included using social media as well as word of mouth to spread the word. All the efforts have been done in hopes of National acceptance and entrance into the Olympic Games. Ringette is most widely played by females, it would be a large step for the feminist equality to get the game recognized as an Olympic sport. An issue which would stem if ringette made it into the Olympics would be that there would be not enough attention to create a male team. Ringette has been gaining more global attention by being written about in the Globe in Mail article in 2013 proving the ringette is not a "girly" sport and needs to be more well respected in the world. It suggests that there is a strong possibility that ringette will be included for the winter games of 2017.
Ringette has thus far been excluded from the Olympics because it is officially co-ed and must have 25% of each gender to qualify. Unfortunately, few boys grow up playing the sport and therefore there are not enough males with the skill to qualify for an Olympic team.
Ringette and Feminism
Ringette is most popular within females and has been commonly referred to as the "female version of hockey". There has been known controversy with ringette's connection to feminism, little to no males participate in the sport and has become a problem within feminist inequality. The female hockey community and national Ringette team have disliked the grouping of the two sports as one. At the same time it is blatantly unfair the female hockey is an Olympic sport and ringette is barely known. Ringette was written in the respected Globe and Mail in 2013 "It’s every bit as physical as a women’s hockey game, if not more,” said Glen Gaudet, coach of the senior women’s national team. The on going struggle between the two sports is only hurting the struggle of female equality.
Unfortunately, with the rise of female hockey and ringette still ruled as co-ed, female players are gravitating towards hockey because of its Olympic potential. However, the lack of fighting and heavy body contact makes ringette popular with the parents of young girls.
Levels of play in Canada
There are several levels of play in Ringette, categorized by age. Divisions were recently renamed as U* divisions under the new Long Term Development Plan (LTDP) rolled out nationally by Ringette Canada for the 2009-10 ringette season:
- U6-8 under 6 or 8 years- this age division has been recently created by only a few associations. It is designed to introduce younger children (primarily girls) to the sport and begin to develop skills at an early age. Typically, these young players play modified games (shorter time, no penalties, on half of the ice etc.)
- U8 under 8 (previously called 'Bunny' division)
- U9 ' Under 9 (this is a minor Novice Division)
- U10 primarily 8 & 9 years (previously called the 'Novice' division)
- U12 10 & 11-year-old players (previously referred to as 'Petite' division)
- U14 12 & 13-year-old players (previously referred to as 'Tween' division)
- U16 14 & 15-year-old players (previously referred to as 'Junior' division)
- U19 16-18 year-old players (previously referred to as ' Jr Belle' of 'Belle' division)
- 18+ 18 years and older players (previously referred to as 'Open' or adult division, usually included lifelong players under 30)
- '"Masters"' 18 years and older, either lifelong players desiring a slower pace, or new players who begin as adults (this division is part of the league associations but excluded from Provincial tournaments)
NRL Known as the National Ringette league, for elite players aged 18+
In 2010 the league put back in place previous age groups.
Boys are permitted to play at any age level but are restricted to competing at the "B" level or lower in many places. It isn't uncommon to see boys participating above U9 or U6 divisions. Due to the pure speed of the sport, skating is emphasized at these levels; boys will typically develop skating and basic stick-handling before switching over to hockey around U10. Levels of competition, based on skill, range from recreational to competitive, and include: Rec, C, B, BB, A, and AA and AAA, with AA being the highest level at which league competition occurs. AAA ringette is typically specific to particular regions who feel another category is necessary to clarify their league or tournament play. For example: AAA teams out of Quebec have played AA teams out of Alberta at various tournaments, including the National Championships. In Alberta, the highest level considered is AA, although they are deemed equal to the AAA teams from areas such as Quebec. For those who like the hockey parallel, playing AA ringette is the same as playing AAA hockey. The National Ringette League was introduced in 2004-2005 season and includes open-aged players at AA/AAA level.
National Ringette League
The National Ringette League (also indicated by the initials NRL) is an elite league of ringette in Canada. The NRL groups together the very best players over the age of 19 in Canada. The NRL consists of nineteen teams separated into two conferences. The Western Conference has six teams and the Eastern Conference has thirteen teams. The NRL recovers directly from Ringuette Canada, the guiding organisation for the ringette in Canada.
The Championnats Canadien d'Ringuette/ Canadian Ringette Championships took place for the first time in 1979 in Winnipeg, Manitoba. This tournament was conceived so as to be able to determine who are the Canadian champions in the categories Under-16 years, Under-19 years and Open (replaced by the National Ringuette League since 2008). The Canadian Championships of ringuette usually take place in April of every year.
|Year (Host City)||U16 (Junior)||U19 (Belle)||Open/NRL|
|2014 (Regina, SK)||Guelph Predators (Ontario)||Winnipeg Magic (Manitoba)||Ottawa Ice|
|2013 (Fredericton, NB)||LMRL Thunder (British Columbia)||Nepean Ravens (Ontario)||Calgary Rath|
|2012 (Burnaby, BC)||South East Stingers (New Brunswick)||St. Clement Rockets (Ontario)||LMRL Thunder|
|2011 (Cambridge, ON)||Alberta||Quebec||Edmonton WAM!|
|2010 (Saskatoon, SK)||Alberta||Ontario||Edmonton WAM!|
|2009 (Charlottetown, PEI)||Ontario||Alberta||Cambridge Turbos|
|2008 (St. Albert, AB)||Alberta Host||Ontario||Cambridge Turbos|
|2007 (Halifax, NS)||Saskatchewan||Quebec||Alberta|
|2006 (Longueil, QE)||Quebec||Manitoba||Ontario|
|2005 (Winnipeg, MB)||Quebec||Alberta||Alberta|
|2004 (Calgary, AB)||Manitoba||Ontario||Alberta|
|2003 (Waterloo, ON)||Manitoba||Ontario||Alberta|
|2002 (Regina, SK)||Alberta||Manitoba||Ontario|
|2001 (Moncton, NB)||Manitoba||Alberta||Alberta|
University Challenge Cup
- University champions
- 2013: University of Alberta
- 2012: University of Alberta
- 2011: University of Calgary · 
- 2010: University of Brock
- 2009: University of Calgary
- 2008: University of Guelph
- 2007: University of Calgary
- 2006: University of Ottawa · 
- 2005: University of Calgary
- 2004: University of Calgary
- 2003: College of Saint-Boniface
- 2002: College of Saint-Boniface
- 2001: University of Manitoba, Team A
- 2000: College of Saint-Boniface
- 1999: University of Winnipeg
Canada Winter Games
The Canada Winter Games are a multi-sport competition of two weeks duration. The Canada Games represent an important national competition. Twenty one sports appear to the program of the games of which Ringette. The ringette takes part in the event during one of two weeks of the Canada Games. Usually the competition begins on Mondays followed by the semi-final on Friday evening and of the National final on Saturdays. The best ringette athletes of ten provinces meet under the banner of teams of each of the provinces there. The Winter Games are held in every 4 years.
- Ringette at 2011 Canada Winter Games
- Ringette at 2007 Canada Winter Games
- Gold : Ontario
- Silver : Alberta
- Bronze : Québec
- Ringette at 2003 Canada Winter Games 
- Gold : Ontario
- Silver : Manitoba
- Bronze : British Columbia
- Ringette at 1999 Canada Winter Games
- Gold : Ontario
- Silver : Manitoba
- Bronze : Saskatchewan
- Ringette at 1995 Canada Winter Games 
- Gold : Alberta
- Silver : Manitoba
- Bronze : British Columbia
- Ringette at 1991 Canada Winter Games
- Gold : Alberta
- Silver : Ontario
- Bronze : British Columbia
Eastern Canadian Ringette Championships
The provinces of Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Quebec and Ontario have contested the Eastern Canadian Ringette Championships in 4 divisions (U14AA, U16A, U19A and U18+ A) since 2002.
Combination with other sports
Canada Post will issue four stamps in a series entitled Canadian inventions: sports featuring four sports: ringette, basketball, five-pin bowling and lacrosse, ringette and five pin bowling holding the distinction of having been invented in Canada. The commemorative stamps were issued on August 10, 2009. The stamp will feature well-worn equipment used in each sport—with a background line drawing of the appropriate playing surface.
Ringette around the world
On the international scene, a half-dozen of countries practice this sport, particularly where winter sports abound. The ringette leagues of elite level are present in Scandinavia and in Canada. We also find ringette organized in United States, Czech Republic and in Russia who, as Canada, Finland and Sweden are members of the International Ringette Federation (IRF) established in 1986. Canada and Finland were always the most active ambassadors in the International Federation. Actually, Canadian and Finland regularly travel across various countries to demonstrate how ringette is played. Recently Canadian teams went in countries such as Japan, Australia and New Zealand. In 2012, the Ringette International Federation announced new promotion activities in Norway, Slovakia, as well as in South Korea.
In 1979, Juhani Wahlsten introduced ringette in Finland. Wahlsten created some teams in Turku. The first ringette club was Ringetteläisiä Turun Siniset. The first tournament took place in December, 1980. The Ringette Association of Turku was established in 1981 and made come several Canadian coachs to make of the training and formation. The ski national week then organized an annual tournament to bring together all the ringette teams. The National Association of Ringuette of Finland was created in 1983. The 1985 tournament included several hundred girls. It became impossible to combine into a single event all the age groups and all the categories of players. The visit of different Canadian teams in the winter of 1986 increased the popularity of the sport. Today 10,000 young Finnish girls participate in 31 ringette clubs. Several city have important clubs: Naantali, Turku, Uusikaupunki.
The Finnish ringette takes place at the local amateur level until the professional level with the elite league Ringeten SM-Sarja. This professional women league established in 1987 and consists of eight clubs in 2011-2012 season:
- VG-62 , won 6 National Championships titles
- Tuusula Ringette, won 6 National Championships titles
- Lapinlahden Luistin, won 6 National Championships titles
- Luvian Kiekko , won 3 National Championships titles
- Hyvinkää Ringette, won 2 National Championships titles
- Lahti Ringette, won 1 National Championships title
- Helsinki Ringette, won 1 National Championships title,
- Raision Nuorisokiekko, won 1 National Championships title
Ringette was introduced in Sweden in the 1980s. The first ringette club is Ulriksdals, in Stockholm. The national federation of ringette was established in 1990 and the elite league Ringetteförbundet is established in 1994. The league groups together 7 professional women clubs:
- Kista Hockey
- IFK Salem
- IK Huge
- Järna SK
- Segeltorps IF
- Sollentuna HC
- Ulriksdals SK
Several junior teams, and numerous amateur teams are connected with these 7 semi-pro clubs. Most Swedish ringette associations are located in the Mälardalen region. There are programs of "twin towns" between Swedish ringette association and Canadian associations for the development of the sport at the Swedish girls. More than 6,000 girls would be members.
World Ringette Championship
At the beginning, the World Ringette Championships were held every other year. But after the world championship of 2004 held in Sweden, the World Championships are held once every three years. The winning national team is awarded the Sam Jacks Cup.
The first World Championships were held in 1990 at Gloucester in Canada: 3 countries are implied: Canada, Finland and United States distributed in 8 teams. Finland is classified seventh and the United States eighth while Canadian teams monopolize the podium.
The third World Championship was played in 1994 in Minnesota, United States. There were two Canada teams, Finland, United States, Sweden and Russia. Finland won the World Cup, its very first world championship ringuette.
Since 1994, these two countries (Canada and Finland) quarrel for the world title. Finland took it in 1994 and in 2000, while Canada won the golden medal in 1996 and in 2002. The victory by Canada in 2002 is particularly striking. Having been defeated by the score 4-3 in extra time against Finland in 2000, Canada takes its revenge by taking him against his rival by the score 3-1 in front of an arena swamp with 4,000 supporters in Edmonton, Alberta. The finale match is broadcast on CBC and followed by 544 000 Canadian televiewers.
Since the 2004 World championships, Finland has dominated. The 2004 World championships were played in Stockholm, where Finland took the world championship by crushing 9-3 Canada in the final.
In 2007, the World championships were played in Ottawa, Canada, · . Cup Finale game requires of additional time (the Finnish player Marjukka Virta creates the equality 4-4), and Anne Pohjola marks a goal which allows Finland to overcome Canada 5-4 · . Sweden takes gains its first medal in the World Ringette Championship ( a bronze medal) by beating 10-9 United States at extra time.
In 2010, Finland won its fifth world title in front of 10,000 spectators in Tampere by again beating Canada · . The United States have their revenge on Sweden defeating them 19-1.
The 2013 World Championships, celebrating 50 years of ringette existence, took place in North Bay, Ontario, Canada.
|Gloucester, Ontario, Canada||Alberta||Ontario||Quebec|
|Helsinki, Finland||Canada West||Canada East||Finland|
|Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States||Finland||Canada East||Canada West|
|Stockholm, Sweden||Canada||Finland||United States|
|Helsinki, Finland||Finland||Canada||United States|
|Edmonton, Alberta, Canada||Canada||Finland||United States|
|Stockholm, Sweden||Finland||Canada||United States|
|Ottawa, Ontario, Canada||Finland||Canada||Sweden|
|Tampere, Finland||Finland||Canada||United States|
|North Bay, Canada||Finland||Canada||United States|
World championships of clubs
In November 2008, the First World Championship of Ringette Clubs gathers six world better clubs. The international tournament takes place to Sault Ste-Marie, in Canada · . Four teams of the National Ringette League and 2 teams of the league of Finnish league Ringeten SM-Sarja participate in it: Cambridge turbos, Montreal Mission, Calgary RATH, Richmond Hill Lightning participate with EKS-Espoo and LuKi-82 Luvia 75. The Tournament is taken gained by the Cambridge Turbos · .
- Final standing:
- Gold : Cambridge Turbos, 5 wins in 5 games.
- Silver : LuKi-82 Luvia, 3 wins and 2 lost in 5 games
- Bronze : Calgary RATH, 2 wins - 2 lost
- 4th: EKS-Espoo, 1 win in 4 games
- 5th: Montreal Mission, 1 wins in 4 games
- 6th: Richmond Hill Lightning,
The Second World Championships of Ringette Clubs belong to Turku, in Finland, from December 27, 2011 till January 1, 2012. Canada is represented by two teams, namely the reigning world champion of clubs, the Cambridge Turbos, and by the Richmond Hill Lightning. 3 clubs represent Finland: Lapinlahden Luistin-89, Luvian Kiekko-82, Raision Nuorisokiekko Ry. The Swedish club Ulriksdals SK Ringette participate also in the international tournament. In semi-final Lapinlahden Luistin-89 overcomes 3-1 the Cambridge Turbos. Championship Finale is quite Finnish clubs because Lapinlahden Luistin 89 face Raision Nuorisokiekko Ry in the game for the golden medal. Lapinlahden Luistin-89 beats 5-4 the Raision Nuorisokiekko Ry to gain the golden medal, Tiina Randell score the victorious goals.
- Final standings:
- Gold: Lapinlahden Luistin-89
- Silver: Raision Nuorisokiekko Ry
- Bronze: Luvian Kiekko -82
- 4th: Cambridge Turbos
- 5th: Richmond Hill Lightning
- 6th: Ulriksdals SK Ringette
The Most Valuable Player is Anne Pohjola of Lapinlahden Luistin-89.
World Junior Ringette Championships
The first World Junior Ringette Championship took place in August, 2009 in Prague, Czech Republic: two Canadian teams, Canada West Under-19 and Canada-East Under-19 faced two Finnish teams, Finland White and Finland Blue.
- Final Standing:
- Gold: Finland White
- Silver: Canada East
- Bronze: Finland Blue
- 4th: Canada West
The second World Junior Championship was held in December, 2012 in London, Ontario, Canada.
- Final Standing:
- Gold: Canada East
- Silver: Finland
- Bronze: Canada West
- 4th: Russia
- 5th: USA
- 6th: France
Notable international players
- Finland :
- Canada :
- North Bay Nugget: 8. January 23, 1965.
- Collins, Kenneth (2004). The Ring Starts Here: An Illustrated History of Ringette. Cobalt,Ontario: Highway Book Shop. p. 16. ISBN 0-88954-438-7.
- Ringette Canada "About Our Sport" http://www.ringette.ca/Content/About/OurSport/AboutRingette.asp
- University Challenge Cup
- [url=http://www.canadianuniversityringette.ca/Home_Page.php canadian university ringette.ca ]
- Past UCC Results
- UCC 2011 Tier 1 Game Scores
- UCC 2010 - 2011 Hosted by University of Western Ontario
- Brock University ringette hosts 2010 university challenge cup tournament
- University Challenge Cup 2008
- University Challenge Cup 2007
- University Challenge Cup 2006 Results
- Ottawa Gee-Gees Ringette
- University Challenge Cup 2005 Results
- 2011 Canada Games
- 2007 Canada Games
- 2003 Canada Games
- 1999 Canada Games
- 1995 Winter Games
- 1991 Canada Games
- (Finnish) History
- (Finnish) Ringeten SM-Sarja Website
- (Finnish) VG-62
- (Finnish) Lapinlahden Luistin
- (Finnish) Luvian Kiekko
- (Finnish) Hyvinkää Ringette
- (Finnish)Helsinki Ringette
- (French) Claudia Jetté of Montréal Mission play in Finland in 2006
- (Finnish) Raision Nuorisokiekko
- (Swedish) history
- (Swedish) Swe Ringuette.se
- (Swedish) Kista Hockey
- (Swedish) IFK Salem
- (Swedish) IK Huge
- (Swedish) Järna SK
- (Swedish) Segeltorps IF
- (Swedish) Sollentuna HC
- (Swedish) Ulriksdals SK
- (Swedish) USK Ringette
- Player Roster Team Canada 1990
- World Championships
- Team Canada 1992 Roster
- 1992 World Championship
- Team Canada Roster 1994,
- 1994 World Championship
- (Finnish) Suomen ensimmäinen ringette-MM 1994
- Team Canada 1996 Roster
- 1996 World Championship
- 1994 and 2000
- Team Canada 2002 Roster
- 2002 World Championship
- 2004 World Championships
- 2007 World Championships
- Team Canada Roster
- Finland win decisively as World Ringette Championships open
- (French) Les Canadiennes vice-championnes du monde
- (Finnish) Suomi juhlii ringeten MM-kultaa
- Sweden United States
- Finland 2010 roster
- 2010 World championship
- (Finnish) Suomi juhlii ringeten MM-kultaa
- United States 2010 roster
- Sweden 2010 roster
- Pdf Document
- World’s best hit the ice at inaugural world club ringette championship
- World’s best hit the ice at inaugural world club ringette championship
- 2008 World Club Championship
- Cambridge Turbos remain on top at world club ringette championship
- Cambridge Turbos to meet Luvia in world club championship final
- Cambridge Turbos
- Cambridge Turbos on top of the ringette world
- Cambridge roster,
- Luki82 Luvia roster
- Calgary Rath roster
- EKS-Espoo roster,
- Montréal Mission roster,
- Richmond Hill roster
- WWC 2011 Turku
- Canada to compete at 2011 World Club Championship in Finland
- LL-89 defeat the defending champion Cambridge Turbos to move on to an all Finnish final against RNK
- [Finland sweeps world club championship and awards winners]
- Finland sweeps world club championship and awards winners
- U19 Team Canada West 2009 Roster
- U19 Team Canada East 2009 Roster
- World Junior Ringette Championship
- Canada East suffers heartbreaking loss to Finland White at gold final
- Tean Finland White Stars win gold at first IRF U-19 Ringette Championship
- Women's Ringette
- (Finnish) Finnish Ringette Association
- Ringette Canada
- (Swedish) Swedish Ringette Association
- United States Ringette Association