|Official name||President Costa e Silva Bridge|
|Carries||8 lanes of BR-101|
|Locale||Rio de Janeiro and Niterói, Brazil|
|Design||Box girder bridge|
|Total length||13,290 m (8.25 miles)|
|Width||27 m (88.58 ft)|
|Construction begin||August 23, 1968|
|Opened||March 4, 1974|
President Costa e Silva Bridge, commonly known as the Rio-Niteroi Bridge, is a box girder bridge crossing Guanabara Bay, in the State of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil. It connects the city of Rio de Janeiro and the municipality of Niterói. It is currently the longest prestressed concrete bridge in the southern hemisphere, and the sixth longest in the world. From its completion in 1974 until 1985 it was the world's second-longest bridge, second only to Lake Pontchartrain Causeway.
The concept of its design dates back to 1875. In order to connect the two neighbouring towns, separated by the Guanabara Bay or an inland journey of more than 100 kilometers (62 mi), passing through the city of Magé. At the time it was intended to build a bridge and subsequently a tunnel.
In 1963 a working group was created to study a bridge-building project. On December 29, 1965, an executive committee was formed to take care of the final project of building a bridge.
President Artur da Costa e Silva signed a decree on August 23 of 1968 Authorizing the project for the bridge, designed by Mario Andreazza the Minister of Transport, under the management of whom the bridge was begun and completed.
Construction began symbolically on August 23 1968 in the presence of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh alongside Mario Andreazzain on their first, and thus far only, visit to Brazil. Actual work began in January 1969 and it opened on March 4 1974.
Its official name is the President Costa e Silva Bridge, in honour of the president who ordered its construction. "Rio-Niterói" started as a descriptive nickname that soon became better known than the official name. Today hardly anyone refers to it by its official name.
The bridge was constructed by a pool of Brazilian construction firms. It is 13.290 kilometres (8.258 mi) long – 8.836 kilometres (5.490 mi) over water and the bridge's central span is 72 metres (236 ft) high in order to allow the passage of hundreds of ships entering and leaving the bay every month. It carries 140,000 vehicles daily, which pay a toll only when entering Niterói of R$4.60 (as of October 2011[update]), about US$2.60 or €1.90. It has 18 access points and eight overpasses.
The bridge was featured in the 2011 film, Fast Five. The Puerto Rican bridge, Teodoro Moscoso, doubled for the bridge during the last moments of the film. Gal Gadot rode over this bridge on a bike in Fast Five.
In 2012 a bill was introduced to change its official name, President Costa e Silva Bridge - the second president of the Brazilian military dictatorship between 1964 and 1985 - to Herbert de Souza Bridge, which has annoyed the Brazilian military.
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