Rio Comprido, Rio de Janeiro

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Rio Comprido
Neighborhood
Rio Comprido is located in Rio de Janeiro
Rio Comprido
Rio Comprido
Location in Rio de Janeiro
Coordinates: 22°55′39″S 43°12′29″W / 22.92750°S 43.20806°W / -22.92750; -43.20806Coordinates: 22°55′39″S 43°12′29″W / 22.92750°S 43.20806°W / -22.92750; -43.20806
Country  Brazil
State Rio de Janeiro (RJ)
Municipality/City Rio de Janeiro
Zone Centro

Rio Comprido is a neighborhood located in Centro of Rio de Janeiro city, in Brazil. It borders Catumbi, Estácio, Praça da Bandeira and Tijuca neighborhoods.

Etymology[edit]

The name Rio Comprido is derived from the central Rio Comprido which pass through it. The river, which is currently canalized and completely degraded, empties into Guanabara Bay. The name Rio Comprido means Long River.

History[edit]

In the 17th century the Rio Comprido valley produced sugarcane, flowed off by a warehouse in embarkations which conducted it to the bay. In the 19th century, the sugar farming was replaced by coffee farming. The neighborhood was settled by Englishmen, being known until the beginning of the 20th century as Chácara dos Ingleses (Englishmen Small Ranch).

When the Paulo de Frontin viaduct was opened, it gave access to Rebouças tunnel and to the city's southern zone, turning Rio Comprido into a passageway neighborhood, currently surrounded by lower income communities, such as Turano, Fogueteiro, Querosene, Fallet, Coroa, São Carlos and Mineira, which suffer from violence and social exclusion.

References[edit]