Rio de Janeiro–Galeão International Airport
|Rio de Janeiro/Galeão–Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport
Aeroporto Internacional do Rio de Janeiro/Galeão–Antonio Carlos Jobim
|IATA: GIG – ICAO: SBGL|
|Operator||Aeroporto Rio de Janeiro S/A|
|Serves||Rio de Janeiro|
|Elevation AMSL||9 m / 28 ft|
|Metric tonnes of cargo||116,147|
Sources: Airport Website, ANAC
Rio de Janeiro/Galeão–Antonio Carlos Jobim International Airport (IATA: GIG, ICAO: SBGL), popularly known by its original name Galeão International Airport, is the main airport serving Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is named after Praia do Galeão (Galleon Beach), located in front of the original passenger terminal (the present passenger terminal of the Brazilian Air Force) and where in 1663 the galleon Padre Eterno was built; and since January 5, 1999 also after the Brazilian musician Antonio Carlos Brasileiro de Almeida Jobim. Galeão Airport is explicitly mentioned in his composition "Samba do avião."
Operated by Infraero, it is the largest airport site in Brazil. In 2013 the airport was ranked second in terms of transported passengers, and fourth in terms of aircraft operations and cargo handled in Brazil, placing it amongst the busiest airports in the country.
The history of the airport begins on May 10, 1923 when a School of Naval Aviation was established near Galeão beach on Governador Island. On May 22, 1941 with the creation of the Brazilian Air Force Ministry, the school became the Galeão Air Force Base; a terminal and hangars were built and the runway extended. Those buildings still exist and Galeão Air Force Base is still active. When Brazil declared war against the Axis on August 22, 1942, the aerodrome began to be used intensely by the Allies for military operations related to the World War II.
At the end of the war, Santos Dumont Airport was unable to handle the increased tonnage of aircraft flying on international routes and number of passengers. For this reason, international flights were gradually moved to the site of the Air Force Base. The services were however precarious and a decision was made to build a brand new passenger terminal, opposite to the Air Force Base, across the runway.
On February 1, 1952 the new passenger terminal was opened and remained in use with enlargements until 1977. This terminal is used by passenger flights operated by the Brazilian Air Force. The cargo terminal is also located in the area and all-cargo aircraft usually park at its adjoining apron. The whole complex is now informally known as the "old Galeão."
By 1970 the airport was Brazil's major international and domestic air-hub. In that year, its administration was taken over by Infraero, an agency then recently created by the Brazilian government.
As proof of the airport's prestige, the Concorde made its scheduled maiden-flight with Air France on January 21, 1976, flying from Paris – Charles de Gaulle to Galeão via Dakar. Those twice-weekly flights were discontinued in 1982. Furthermore, the 007 – James Bond production Moonraker (1979) shows the Concorde touching down at Galeão.
On June 6, 1967 in response the growth of the air traffic in Brazil, the Brazilian military government initiated studies concerning the renovation of the airport infrastructure in Brazil. As part of the conclusions of these studies, because of their location, strategic importance, and security issues, new passenger facilities would be constructed in the areas of Galeão Air Force Base in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo Air Force Base in São Paulo.
On January 20, 1977, when the airport was receiving all of Brazil's major international flights, this new terminal was opened and all scheduled passenger flights were transferred to the new building. This building is known today as Passenger Terminal 1. One of the features dating from this time is the sultry PA system announcements made by Iris Lettieri, which were featured on National Public Radio.
In 1985 the airport lost the title of the country's major international airport to São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport. At that time, a new runway allowing intercontinental flights with no weight restrictions was opened in São Paulo and Brazilian and foreign airlines increasingly used São Paulo as a national and international hub. As a consequence, the number of transiting passengers dropped. Constant efforts were made by the Government of the State of Rio de Janeiro to reverse the trend. As a result, after stagnating for years embittered by the loss of domestic flights to Santos Dumont and international flights to São Paulo-Guarulhos Airports, Galeão has – since late 2004 – gradually recovered its importance in the national and international spheres with addition of flights and airlines.
During the year 1991, Passenger Terminal 1 underwent its first major renovation in preparation for the United Nations Earth Summit held in 1992. Its annual capacity was increased to 7,5 million passengers/year. On July 20, 1999 Passenger Terminal 2 was opened. The airport has those two passenger terminals in elliptical format, each with twelve jetways and capable of handling 7,5 million passengers annually.
On April 26, 2011 it was confirmed that in order to speed-up much needed renovation and up-grade works, private companies would be granted a concession to explore some Infraero airports among them, on a second phase, Galeão. The plan was confirmed on May 31, 2011 and it was added that Infraero would retain 49% of the shares of each privatized airport. On November 22, 2013 the Brazilian Government had a bidding process to determine the airport's private operator from 2014 until 2039. The Group Aeroporto Rio de Janeiro formed by Grupo Odebrecht (60%) and Changi Airports International (40%) paid BRL 19 billion and won the competition. The contract was signed on April 2, 2014.
One of the two TAP Maintenance & Engineering centers in Brazil is located at Galeão International Airport.
On August 31, 2009, Infraero unveiled a BRL819 million (USD431 million; EUR302 million) investiment plan to up-grade Galeão International Airport focusing on the preparations for the 2014 FIFA World Cup which will be held in Brazil, Rio de Janeiro being one of the venue cities, and the 2016 Summer Olympics, which Rio de Janeiro will host. The investiment will be distributed as follows:
- Renovation of Passenger Terminal 1. Value 314.9 million. Expected to be completed: February 2011
- Completion and renovation of Passenger Terminal 2. Value 284.0 million. Expected to be completed: May 2012
- Construction of further parking. Value 220.0 million. Expected to be completed: May 2013
Airlines and destinations
In April 2014, section A of Terminal 1 is under renovation.
|Year||Number of passengers|
|Rank||Country||Number of passengers|
Accidents and incidents
Major accidents involving fatalities
- April 29, 1952: a Pan Am Boeing 377 Stratocruiser 10–26 registration N1039V operating flight 202 en route from Rio de Janeiro-Galeão to New York via Port of Spain crashed in the jungle in the south of the State of Pará. Probable causes are the separation of no. 2 engine and propeller from the aircraft due to highly unbalanced forces followed by uncontrollability and disintegration of the aircraft. All 50 passengers and crew died.
- July 27, 1952: a Pan Am Boeing 377 Stratocruiser 10–26 registration N1030V operating flight 201 en route from Rio de Janeiro-Galeão to Buenos Aires-Ezeiza following pressurization problems during climb, a door blew open, a passenger was blown out and the cabin considerably damaged. One passenger died.
- January 11, 1959: a Lufthansa Lockheed L-1049G Super Constellation registration D-ALAK operating flight 502 flying from Hamburg to Rio de Janeiro-Galeão via Frankfurt, Paris-Orly and Dakar crashed during approach under heavy rain at Galeão. The crew descended below minimums. Of the 39 passengers and crew aboard, 3 survived. This was the first accident of Lufthansa after it was re-established.
- December 22, 1959: a VASP Vickers Viscount 827 registration PP-SRG while on approach to land at Rio de Janeiro-Galeão was involved in a mid-air collision with the Brazilian Air Force Fokker S-11 (T-21) registration FAB0742 in the vicinity of Manguinhos Airport. All 32 people on board the Viscount were killed, as were a further ten on the ground. The T-21 pilot parachuted to safety. This accident eventually led to the closure of Manguinhos Airport.
- August 20, 1962: a Panair do Brasil Douglas DC-8-33 registration PP-PDT taking-off from Rio de Janeiro-Galeão to Lisbon overran the runway into the ocean during an aborted operation. Of the 120 passengers and crew aboard 14 died.
- June 9, 1973: a Varig cargo Boeing 707-327C registration PP-VJL flying from Campinas-Viracopos to Rio de Janeiro-Galeão while making an instrument approach to Rio de Janeiro-Galeão had technical problems with the spoilers which eventually caused the aircraft to pitch down, descended fast, struck approach lights and ditch. All 6 occupants died.
- July 26, 1979: a Lufthansa cargo Boeing 707-330C registration D-ABUY operating flight 527 from Rio de Janeiro-Galeão to Frankfurt via Dakar collided with a mountain 5 minutes after take-off from Galeão. The crew of 3 died.
- June 28, 1984: a TAM Airlines Embraer EMB 110C Bandeirante registration PP-SBC operating a chartered flight by Petrobras en route from Rio de Janeiro–Galeão to Macaé flew into São João Hill hill while descending through rain and clouds over the Municipality of São Pedro da Aldeia. All 16 passengers and 2 crew died. The passengers were journalists of well-known Brazilian networks who were preparing a special report about the Campos Basin oil fields.
- June 1, 2009: an Air France Airbus 330-203 registration F-GZCP operating flight 447 en route from Rio de Janeiro-Galeão to Paris-Charles de Gaulle disappeared in the Atlantic Ocean 565 km (351 mi) north-east of Natal. All 228 passengers and crew on board died. The official cause of the accident, the worst in the airline's history, is incorrect speed readings due to pitot tube ice blockage, followed by inappropriate pilot inputs.
- January 1, 1970: a Cruzeiro do Sul Sud Aviation SE-210 Caravelle VI R en route from Montevideo to Rio de Janeiro-Galeão with 33 occupants aboard was hijacked by 6 persons who demanded to be flown to Cuba. The flight was diverted to Lima, Panama City and arrived in Havana two days later. There were no victims.
- July 1, 1970: a Cruzeiro do Sul Sud Aviation SE-210 Caravelle VI R registration PP-PDX en route from Rio de Janeiro-Galeão to São Paulo with 31 occupants aboard was hijacked by 4 persons who demanded the release of political prisoners that were to be taken to Cuba. The aircraft was stormed and the hijackers arrested. There were no victims and the hijacking lasted less than a day.
The airport is located 20 km (12 mi) north of downtown Rio de Janeiro.
There are executive (blue) and ordinary (yellow) taxis available and bookable on company booths at arrival halls of both terminals.
TransCarioca line of Bus Rapid Transit integrated public transportation system links Terminals 1 and 2 with Bus Terminal Alvorada in Barra da Tijuca with an intermediate stop at Line 2 Subway Station Vicente de Carvalho, where one can access the entire subway system. At Alvorada TransCarioca one can transfer to Transoeste system. The system operates between 5:00 and 23:00 hours.
Premium Auto Ônibus operates executive bus 2018, that runs half-hourly between 05:30 and 23:30 hours, from the airport to the Central Bus Station, Rio de Janeiro downtown, Santos Dumont Airport, and the southern parts of the city along the shore, with final stop at Alvorada Bus Terminal in Barra da Tijuca. Bus 2918 follows a similar schedule to Alvorada Bus Terminal following a different and more direct route using via Amarela. Bus 2101 is an express link between Galeão and Santos Dumont airports and bus 2145 is a normal service to the Central Bus Station, downtown, and Santos Dumont Airport. It runs every 20 minutes between 05:30 and 22:30 hours. Ticket counters for these bus services are located at the arrivals area of both terminals.
- "How the Transition Will Take Place". Concessionária Aeroporto do Rio de Janeiro S/A. Retrieved 23 July 2014.
- "Movimento operacional da rede Infraero de janeiro a dezembro de 2013" (in Portuguese). Infraero. February 4, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- "Airport Official Website" (in Portuguese). Infraero.
- "Lista de aeródromos públicos" (in Portuguese). ANAC.
- Enders, Armelle (2008). A História do Rio de Janeiro (in Portuguese) (2nd ed.). Rio de Janeiro: Gryphus. p. 54. ISBN 978-85-60610-09-9.
- Doria, Pedro (2012). 1565: Enquanto o Brasil nascia: A aventura de portugueses, franceses, índios e negros na fundação do país (in Portuguese) (1st ed.). Rio de Janeiro: Nova Fronteira. pp. 240–241. ISBN 978-85-2093114-1.
- "Lei n˚9.778, de 5 de janeiro de 1999" (in Portuguese). Lei Direto. January 5, 1999. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
- "Estatísticas" (in Portuguese). Infraero. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
- Instituto Histórico-Cultural da Aeronáutica (1990). História Geral da Aeronáutica Brasileira: de 1921 às vésperas da criação do Ministério da Aeronáutica (in Portuguese) 2. Belo Horizonte and Rio de Janeiro: Itatiaia and Instituto Histórico-Cultural da Aeronáutica. pp. 58, 66, 558.
- Pereira, Aldo (1987). Breve história da aviação comercial brasileira (in Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro: Europa Empresa Gráfica e Editora. pp. 403–405.
- "Decreto nº 69.784 de 14 de dezembro de 1971" (in Portuguese). Senado federal. 14 December 1971. Retrieved August 29, 2011.
- McCarthy, Julie (March 17, 2007). "The Most Captivating Voice in the World". NPR. Retrieved September 24, 2010.
- Bitencourt, Rafael (April 26, 2011). "Governo define concessão de obras em 3 aeroportos, diz Palocci" (in Portuguese). Valor Online. Retrieved May 16, 2011.
- Salomon, Marta; Monteiro, Tânia (June 1, 2011). "Governo pretende privatizar três aeroportos e abrir o capital da Infraero" (in Portuguese). O Estado de São Paulo: Economia. Retrieved June 2, 2011.
- "Singapore Changi, Odebrecht to buy Rio airport for $8.3 billion". Bloomberg. November 23, 2013. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
- Sakate, Marcelo (November 27, 2013). "A privatização decola" [Privatization takes-off]. Veja (in Portuguese) (São Paulo) 46 (48): 98.
- Abdala, Vitor (April 2, 2014). "Contrato garante gestão privada do Galeão por 25 anos" (in Portuguese). Agência Brasil. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
- "Concessionaire to invest US880000 in Galeão Airport". Agência Brasil.
- Rittner, Daniel; Braga, Paulo Victor (August 31, 2009). "Infraero vai gastar R$5 bi em reforma de aeroportos". Valor Econômico (in Portuguese). pp. A4.
- "Air Canada to Launch Year-Round Service to Rio de Janeiro".
- "US Airways Suspends Rio de Janeiro Service Sep-Dec 2014". Airline Route. March 26, 2014. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
- "Estatísticas" (in Portuguese). Infraero. Retrieved March 22, 2014.
- "Anuário Estatístico de Turismo 2013" (in Portuguese). Ministério do Turismo. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- "Accident description N1039V". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
- "Accident description N1030V". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved September 24, 2011.
- "Accident description D-ALAK". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved September 15, 2011.
- "Accident description PP-SRG and FAB0742". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved November 2, 2011.
- Pereira, Aldo (1987). Breve História da Aviação Comercial Brasileira (in Portuguese). Rio de Janeiro: Europa. pp. 205–206.
- Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Reportagem derradeira". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928-1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 177–181. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2.
- "Accident description PP-PDT". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved September 16, 2011.
- Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Rejeição tardia na decolagem". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928-1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 208–213. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2.
- "Accident description PP-VJL". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved July 1, 2011.
- "Accident description D-ABUY". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved September 22, 2011.
- "Accident description PP-SBC". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
- Germano da Silva, Carlos Ari César (2008). "Visumento". O rastro da bruxa: história da aviação comercial brasileira no século XX através dos seus acidentes 1928-1996 (in Portuguese) (2 ed.). Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 338–341. ISBN 978-85-7430-760-2.
- "Final Report On the accident on 1st June 2009 to the Airbus A330-203 registered F-GZCP operated by Air France flight AF 447 Rio de Janeiro - Paris". Bureau d’Enquêtes et d’Analyses. Retrieved July 5, 2012.
- "Incident description 1 January 1970". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved July 18, 2011.
- "Incident description PP-PDX". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved September 24, 2011.
- "Trecho da Transcarioca que liga Barra ao Galeão é inaugurado nesta quarta" (in Portuguese). G1 Rio. 4 June 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2014.
- "Itinerários" (in Portuguese). Real Auto Ônibus. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
- "Linhas Metropolitanas Charitas x Galeão" (in Portuguese). Autoviação 1001. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rio de Janeiro/Galeão - Antônio Carlos Jobim International Airport.|
- Airport information for SBGL at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
- Airport information for SBGL at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
- Current weather for SBGL at NOAA/NWS
- Accident history for GIG at Aviation Safety Network
- Rio de Janeiro/Galeão International Airport Photo Archive at airliners.net