Riodininae

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Riodininae
Apodemia mormo langei-02.JPG
Lange's Metalmark
Apodemia mormo langei
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
(unranked): Rhopalocera
Superfamily: Papilionoidea
Family: Riodinidae
Subfamily: Riodininae
Tribes

Eurybiini
Helicopini
Mesosemiini
Nymphidiini
Riodinini
Stalachtini
Symmachiini
and see text

The Riodininae are the larger by far of the subfamilies of the metalmark butterfly family, Riodinidae. The latter was long united with the Lycaenidae.

A number of Riodininae genera are of uncertain affiliations.[1] They might belong into the Helicopini, but this needs further study. Such genera incertae sedis are:

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ See Savela (2007) for references.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Glassberg, Jeffrey Butterflies through Binoculars, The West (2001)
  • Guppy, Crispin S. and Shepard, Jon H. Butterflies of British Columbia (2001)
  • James, David G. and Nunnallee, David Life Histories of Cascadia Butterflies (2011)
  • Pelham, Jonathan Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada (2008)
  • Pyle, Robert Michael The Butterflies of Cascadia (2002)

External links[edit]