Riot in Cell Block 11
|Riot in Cell Block 11|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Don Siegel|
|Produced by||Walter Wanger|
|Screenplay by||Richard Collins|
|Narrated by||James Matthews|
|Music by||Herschel Burke Gilbert|
|Edited by||Bruce B. Pierce|
|Distributed by||Allied Artists|
One night, several prison inmates take guards prisoner to protest brutal conditions in their prison. They then make their demands known to the Warden, a liberal-minded administrator who has complained for many years about the same conditions. James V. Dunn, the prisoners' leader, meets the press outside the cell block and makes demands that they will no longer tolerate the brutal guards, substandard food, overcrowding, and barely livable conditions.
The next day inmates from two other blocks start a riot but they are forced back into the cell blocks by the state police. Negotiations between the inmates and prison officials are stymied by the state politicians who do not want to make any concessions.
Meanwhile factions within the prisoners begin to vie for power and control within the rebellious cell block. At the same time, the state police are given the go ahead to blow a hole in the wall to end the siege. But the inmates inside create a human shield by tying the hostages to the interior wall.
Eventually the governor agrees to sign a petition from the prisoners. The riot ends when the inmates see the next-day newspapers saying that they had won. But it is a pyrrhic victory for the leader, Dunn. Two weeks later he is called to the warden's office. The state legislature had overturned the governor's signature thus repudiating all the prisoners' demands.
The Warden tells Dunn that he will stand trial for leading the riot and taking hostages, charges that will mostly likely mean an additional 30-year sentence. But the Warden, who explains that he is to be replaced, tells Dunn that he did get a small victory: the mentally-ill inmates are to be moved to asylums and some prisoners will be paroled. The Warden tells Dunn that his actions were front page news which may bring about some good.
The downbeat ending is indicative of the realistic social commentary prevalent throughout the film.
- Neville Brand as James V. Dunn
- Emile Meyer as Warden Reynolds
- Frank Faylen as Commissioner Haskell
- Leo Gordon as Crazy Mike Carnie
- Robert Osterloh as The Colonel
- Paul Frees as Guard Monroe
The producer Walter Wanger had recently been in prison for shooting his wife's lover, and his experience there motivated this production. The film was shot on location at Folsom State Prison with real inmates and guards playing background roles. Siegel agreed to direct the movie over eight weeks for a flat fee of $10,000.
Riot in Cell Block 11 was the first film work for Sam Peckinpah. Peckinpah was hired as a third assistant casting director by Don Siegel. Reportedly, the warden was reluctant to allow the filmmakers to work at Folsom Prison until he was introduced to Peckinpah. The warden knew his influential family of judges from Fresno, California, and immediately became cooperative.
Actor Leo Gordon, who plays hardened convict Carney, had somewhat of a tough time during production. Gordon had, before he became an actor, served a stretch in Folsom for armed robbery, and many of the prison's guards remembered him as a troublemaker (Siegel himself later said that Gordon "was the scariest man I have ever met"). Guards refused to allow Gordon to enter the prison with the film's cast and crew and made him enter and leave by himself, searching him thoroughly each time.
Siegel's location work and his use of actual prisoners as extras made a lasting impression on Peckinpah's later career. He would work as an assistant to Siegel on four additional films including Private Hell 36 (1954), An Annapolis Story (1955), Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1956) and Crime in the Streets (1956).
Box-office and exhibition
The film made a profit of $297,702.
When the film was first released, The New York Times film critic A.W. Weiler, gave the film a positive review and its social commentary. He wrote, "The grim business of melodrama behind prison walls, so often depicted in standard, banal fashion in films, is given both tension and dignity in Riot in Cell Block 11, which erupted onto the Mayfair's screen yesterday. Although it is explosive enough to satisfy the most rabid of the "cons versus "screws" school of moviegoer, it also makes a sincere and adult plea for a captive male society revolting against penal injustices. In its own small way, Riot in Cell Block 11 is a realistic and effective combination of brawn, brains and heart ... Riot in Cell Block 11, in short, punches and preaches with authority."
The staff at Variety magazine also praised the film, writing, "The pros and cons of prison riots are stated articulately in the Richard Collins screen story, and producer Walter Wanger uses a realistic, almost documentary, style to make his point for needed reforms in the operation of penal institutions ... A standout performance is given by Emile Meyer, the warden who understands the prisoners’ problems."
- British Academy Film Awards: Best Film from any Source, 1955.
- British Academy Film Awards: Best Foreign Actor, Neville Brand; 1955.
- Directors Guild of America: Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures, Don Siegel; 1955
- Matthew Bernstein, Walter Wagner: Hollywood Independent, Minnesota Press, 2000 p445.
- Riot in Cell Block 11 at the TCM Movie Database.
- "Riot in Cell Block 11 Film Review". timeout.com. Retrieved 2007-02-24.
- Bernstein, Matthew (2000). Hollywood Independent. pp. 289–291.
- Riot in Cell Block 11 at the Internet Movie Database.
- Weddle, David (1994). If They Move...Kill 'Em!. Grove Press. pp. 116–119. ISBN 0-8021-3776-8.
- "Riot in Cell Block 11 (1954)". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2007-02-24.
- Weiler, A.W, The New York Times, film review, February 19, 1954. Accessed: July 20, 2013.
- Variety. Staff film review, 1954. Accessed: July 20, 2013.
- Riot in Cell Block 11 at the Internet Movie Database
- Riot in Cell Block 11 at AllMovie
- Riot in Cell Block 11 at the TCM Movie Database