Ripon, Wisconsin

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This article is about the city. For the adjacent town, see Ripon (town), Wisconsin.
Ripon
City
Looking north in downtown Ripon
Looking north in downtown Ripon
Ripon is located in Wisconsin
Ripon
Ripon
Location within the state of Wisconsin
Coordinates: 43°50′42″N 88°50′23″W / 43.84500°N 88.83972°W / 43.84500; -88.83972Coordinates: 43°50′42″N 88°50′23″W / 43.84500°N 88.83972°W / 43.84500; -88.83972
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Fond du Lac
Area[1]
 • Total 5.02 sq mi (13.00 km2)
 • Land 4.97 sq mi (12.87 km2)
 • Water 0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 7,733
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 7,716
 • Density 1,555.9/sq mi (600.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 920
Welcome sign

Ripon [ɹɪpɘn] is a city in Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 7,733 at the 2010 census. The city is surrounded by the Town of Ripon.

History[edit]

Founding[edit]

Ripon, named for the English cathedral city of Ripon, North Yorkshire, was founded in 1849 by David P. Mapes, a former New York steamboat captain. John S. Horner was the one who named the town, and most of the streets (his house is still standing today). Within two years the city had absorbed the nearby commune of Ceresco, established in 1844 by the Wisconsin Phalanx, a group of settlers inspired by the communitarian socialist philosophy of Charles Fourier. Mapes was a founder of Ripon College, originally incorporated as Brockway College in 1851.[4]

Birthplace of the Republican Party[edit]

Meeting at a school house in Ripon on February 28, 1854, some 30 opponents of the Kansas-Nebraska Act called for the organization of a new political party (to link their cause with the Declaration of Independence). The group also took a leading role in the creation of the Republican Party in many northern states during the summer of 1854. While conservatives and many moderates were content merely to call for the restoration of the Missouri Compromise or a prohibition of slavery extension, the group insisted that no further political compromise with slavery was possible.

The February 1854 meeting was the first political meeting of the group that would become the Republican Party. The modern Ripon Society, a Republican think tank, takes its name from Ripon, Wisconsin.

Geography[edit]

Ripon is located at 43°50′40″N 88°50′20″W / 43.84444°N 88.83889°W / 43.84444; -88.83889 (43.844905, -88.839615).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.02 square miles (13.00 km2), of which, 4.97 square miles (12.87 km2) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 7,733 people, 3,053 households, and 1,769 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,555.9 inhabitants per square mile (600.7 /km2). There were 3,306 housing units at an average density of 665.2 per square mile (256.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.7% White, 0.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 2.6% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.0% of the population.

There were 3,053 households of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.1% were non-families. 36.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.90.

The median age in the city was 37.2 years. 20.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 17.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.8% were from 25 to 44; 23.6% were from 45 to 64; and 17% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 6,828 people, 2,922 households, and 1,759 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,612.8 people per square mile (623.2/km²). There were 3,118 housing units at an average density of 736.5 per square mile (284.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.72% White, 0.19% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.86% from other races, and 0.57% from two or more races. 2.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,922 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,399, and the median income for a family was $51,100. Males had a median income of $35,990 versus $25,053 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,313. About 4.4% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.

Mayors[edit]

Year Name
1858 Harvey Grant
1859 Jehdeiah Bowen
1860 H.S. Town
1861 Philo England
1862 Ceylon North
1863 C.F. Hammond
1864 Pertine Pinkney
1865 H.T. Henton
1866 A.M. Skeels
1867 Samuel Sumner
1868 Jehdeiah Bowen (2nd)
1869 William Workman
1870 George L. Field
1871 Aaron Everhard
1872 O.U. Akin
1873 O.J. Wolcott
1874-78 Aaron Everhard (2nd)
1879 Samuel Sumner
1880 I.M. Dakin
1881 A.P Harwood
1882-85 Aaron Everhard (3rd)
1886 Lewis Reed
1887 Marcellus Pedrick
1888-89 H.C. Everesz
1890-92 Aaron Everhard (4th)
1893 E.J. Burnside
1894 Alanson Wood
1895 Philomen Wicks
1896 Chester Hazen
1897 George L. Field (2nd)
1898 Bruno Shallern
1899 Hugo Schultz/Don Worrall
1900-02 John T. Harris
1902-04 I.F. Strauss
1904-06 John T. Harris (2nd)
1906-14 Lewis Kellogg
1914-16 Albert Maudlin
1916-18 L.W. Thayer
1918-20 Charles H. Graham
1920-22 Herman Thiel
1922-32 Lewis Kellogg (2nd)
1932-36 Harold Bumby
1936-40 W.H. Barber
1940-44 Eugene von Schallern
1944-48 Les Chelstrom
1948-56 Robert Born
1956-60 John H. Wilson
1960-62 J. Gordon Thiel
1962-63 Peter Ramsey
1963-68 John Adamski
1968-72 Fred W. Kohl, Jr.
1972-74 Mark Conrad
1974-77 Michael Williams (A)
1977-82 Warren Bredahl
1982-84 Thomas (Ted) Jones
1984-86 Warren Bredahl (2nd)
1986-88 David Gray
1988-96 John Haupt
1996–2002 Bob Somers
2002–2003 John Reinsch (B)
2003–2010 Aaron Kramer
2010 Barbara Miller

Economy[edit]

National Forensic League headquarters in Ripon.

Education[edit]

Notable natives and residents[edit]

See also[edit]

Images[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]