Looking north in downtown Ripon
|County||Fond du Lac|
|• Total||5.02 sq mi (13.00 km2)|
|• Land||4.97 sq mi (12.87 km2)|
|• Water||0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)|
|• Estimate (2012)||7,716|
|• Density||1,555.9/sq mi (600.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
Ripon, named for the English cathedral city of Ripon, North Yorkshire, by John S. Horner due to the fact that this is where his ancestors came from when they originally emigrated to America. Horner named not only the town but also most of the streets, his house is still standing today. Ripon was officially founded as a city in 1849 by David P. Mapes, a former New York steamboat captain. Within two years the city had absorbed the nearby commune of Ceresco, established in 1844 by the Wisconsin Phalanx, a group of settlers inspired by the communitarian socialist philosophy of Charles Fourier. Mapes was a founder of Ripon College, originally incorporated as Brockway College in 1851.
Birthplace of the Republican Party
Meeting at a school house in Ripon on February 28, 1854, some 30 opponents of the Kansas-Nebraska Act called for the organization of a new political party (to link their cause with the Declaration of Independence). The group also took a leading role in the creation of the Republican Party in many northern states during the summer of 1854. While conservatives and many moderates were content merely to call for the restoration of the Missouri Compromise or a prohibition of slavery extension, the group insisted that no further political compromise with slavery was possible.
The February 1854 meeting was the first political meeting of the group that would become the Republican Party. The modern Ripon Society, a Republican think tank, takes its name from Ripon, Wisconsin.
Ripon is located at Fond du Lac County.(43.844905, -88.839615) in the northwest corner of
||WIS 23 WEST heads out of town to Green Lake (6 miles), Princeton (16 miles), and Wis. Dells (59 miles). WIS 23 EAST heads out of town to Rosendale (11 miles), Fond du Lac (28 miles), and Sheboygan (55 miles). 23 is along W. Fond du Lac St., Jackson St., Blackburn St., and E. Fond du Lac St.|
||WIS 44 NORTH heads out of town to Pickett (6 miles) and Oshkosh (17 miles). WIS 44 SOUTH heads out of town to Fairwater (10 miles), Markesan (18 miles), and Pardeeville (43 miles). 44 along is Metomen St, E. Fond du Lac St., and Douglas St. 44 was rerouted off of Blackburn St and Oshkosh St on to Douglas St. to bypass Downtown Ripon in about 2010.|
||WIS 49 NORTH heads out of town to Green Lake (6 miles), Berlin (13 miles), and Waupaca (51 miles). WIS 49 SOUTH heads out of town to Brandon (10 miles) and Waupun (18 miles). 49 is along Metomen St., E. Fond du Lac St., Blackburn St., Jackson St., W. Fond du Lac St.|
|Hwy. E runs north-south and is on Griswold St., Metomen St., E. Fond du Lac St., Blackburn St., and Eureka St.|
|Hwy FF runs northwest out of town on Union St. and Berlin Rd.|
|Hwy KK runs east-west about 2 miles south of the Ripon city limits.|
WIS 49 is cosigned with both WIS 23 and WIS 44 for the entire routing in Ripon. Main streets in the Ripon area are:
- Arcade Glen Rd.
- Blackburn St.
- Dartford Rd.
- Douglas St.
- Eureka St.
- Fond du Lac St. (East and West Fond du Lac St are 2 separate streets about 2 blocks apart.)
- Griswold St.
- Hall St.
- Jackson St.
- Koro Rd.
- Liberty St.
- Metomen St.
- Olden Rd.
- Oshkosh St.
- Reed St.
- Union St.
- Watson St. (Downtown Ripon District)
Ripon lies on the a large strata layer called the Sinnipee Group. The Sinnipee Group is made of primarily dolostone however it has Limestone as a secondary rock type. Ripon's bedrock is primarily Limestone. The Sinnipee Group also may have shale in it in places. The Limestone marks that at one point Ripon's position was once a shallow sea. Since Ripon is on the Sinnipee Group it is a Karst environment. Ripon also lays in an area that was effected by several glaciation periods. The area has relatively gentle relief however is part of the Fox River (Wisconsin), and the water shed related to it.
As of the census of 2010, there were 7,733 people, 3,053 households, and 1,769 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,555.9 inhabitants per square mile (600.7/km2). There were 3,306 housing units at an average density of 665.2 per square mile (256.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.7% White, 0.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 2.6% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.0% of the population.
There were 3,053 households of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.1% were non-families. 36.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.90.
The median age in the city was 37.2 years. 20.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 17.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.8% were from 25 to 44; 23.6% were from 45 to 64; and 17% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,828 people, 2,922 households, and 1,759 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,612.8 people per square mile (623.2/km²). There were 3,118 housing units at an average density of 736.5 per square mile (284.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.72% White, 0.19% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.86% from other races, and 0.57% from two or more races. 2.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,922 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $37,399, and the median income for a family was $51,100. Males had a median income of $35,990 versus $25,053 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,313. About 4.4% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.0% of those under age 18 and 5.2% of those age 65 or over.
|1866||Albert M. Skeels|
|1868||Jehdeiah Bowen (2nd)|
|1870||George L. Field|
|1874-78||Aaron Everhard (2nd)|
|1882-85||Aaron Everhard (3rd)|
|1890-92||Aaron Everhard (4th)|
|1897||George L. Field (2nd)|
|1899||Hugo Schultz/Don Worrall|
|1900-02||John T. Harris|
|1904-06||John T. Harris (2nd)|
|1918-20||Charles H. Graham|
|1922-32||Lewis Kellogg (2nd)|
|1940-44||Eugene von Schallern|
|1956-60||John H. Wilson|
|1960-62||J. Gordon Thiel|
|1968-72||Fred W. Kohl, Jr.|
|1974-77||Michael Williams (A)|
|1982-84||Thomas (Ted) Jones|
|1984-86||Warren Bredahl (2nd)|
|2002–2003||John Reinsch (B)|
Notable natives and residents
- Frank L. Anders, 1875–1966, Medal of Honor recipient, attended college and died in Ripon.
- Jeanne Bice, 1939-2011, Entrepreneur, television personality and founder of the Quaker Factory clothing line
- Sarah Powers Bradish, 1867 – 1922, writer and WCTU activist
- Carrie Chapman Catt, 1859–1947, President of the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
- Harrison Ford, actor, attended Ripon College.
- Arthur F. Hinz, politician
- John S. Horner, 1802–1883, Acting Governor of Michigan Territory and Secretary of Wisconsin Territory
- Bruno E. Jacob, 1899–1979, Founder of the National Forensic League, though born in the nearby town of Valders, lived in Ripon most of his life.
- Lewis G. Kellogg, politician.
- Asa Kinney, pioneer and politician
- Oscar Hugh La Grange, 1837–1915, Union Army general.
- Richard Maltby, Jr., 1937-, Theater director and producer, lyricist, screenwriter, cryptic crossword constructor for Harper's Magazine.
- Roy E. Reed, politician and lawyer
- H. Gordon Selfridge, 1857–1947, Founder of London-based Selfridges department store, was born in Ripon.
- William Starr, Wisconsin State Assemblyman
- Spencer Tracy, 1900-1967, actor, attended Ripon College.
- William D. Turner, politician.
- Lloyd Wasserbach, 1921–1949, professional football player, died in Ripon.
- Otto Julius Zobel, 1887–1970, inventor of the m-derived filter and the Zobel network, was born and raised in Ripon.
Ripon sign looking east on WIS 23
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24.
- Chicago and North Western Railway Company (1908). A History of the Origin of the Place Names Connected with the Chicago & North Western and Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railways. p. 118.
- History of Ripon, Wisconsin
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Lyke, Tim (2011-06-13). "Ripon's hometown girl Jeanne Bice dies at 71". Ripon Press. Retrieved 2011-06-27.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ripon, Wisconsin.|
- City of Ripon
- Ripon Main Street
- David P. Mapes' account of early Ripon, 1870
- Sanborn fire insurance maps: 1884 1892 1898 1913
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ripon, Wisconsin". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.