Ripon Building

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Ripon Building
இரிப்பன் கட்டிடம்
Ripon Building Chennai.JPG
Alternative names Corporation Building
General information
Type Government Buildings
Architectural style Neoclassical
Town or city Chennai
Country India
Coordinates 13°04′54″N 80°16′18″E / 13.0817°N 80.2716°E / 13.0817; 80.2716
Current tenants Seat of the Chennai Corporation
Construction started 1909; 105 years ago (1909)
Completed 1913; 101 years ago (1913)
Cost INR750,000 (in 1913)
Owner Government of Tamil Nadu

The Ripon Building is the seat of the Chennai Corporation (Madras Corporation) in Chennai (Madras), Tamil Nadu. It is a fine example of the Neoclassical style of architecture, a combination of Gothic, Ionic and Corinthian. The Ripon Building is an all-white structure and is located near the Chennai Central railway station.

History[edit]

Commissioned in 1913, Ripon Building was built by Loganatha Mudaliar and took four years to build at a cost of INR750,000, including a sum of INR550,000 paid to Mudaliar. The Ripon building was named after Lord Ripon, Governor-General of British India and the Father of local self-government. Earl of Minto, the then Viceroy and Governor General of India laid the foundation on 12 December 1909. The Municipal Corporation of Madras, after functioning from several other places including Errabalu Chetty Street, settled at Ripon building in 1913, with P. L. Moore as the President of the Municipal Corporation at the time of the inauguration. The inaugural function was attended by over 3,000 of the city's elite.[1]

Building details[edit]

Panorama of the Ripon Building

The building is rectangular and is 85 metres (279 ft) long and 32 metres (105 ft) wide with a 43 metres (141 ft) central tower containing a clock 2.5 m (8.2 ft) in diameter. The first of its three floors has approximately 2,800 m2 (30,139 sq ft) of space. The walls were constructed with stock bricks, set and plastered with lime mortar and the roof is supported with teak wood joists. The original flooring of the ground floor was Cuddapah Slate that has been replaced with marble. One of the main attractions of the building is the Westminster Quarter chiming clock. This was installed by Oakes and Co. in 1913. The clock has a mechanical key system, which is wound every day. There are four bells, which were cast by Gillet and Johnston in 1913.

Annexe building[edit]

An annexe building is located to the rear of the main building, which was renamed 'Amma Maaligai' in August 2014. All departments of the Chennai Corporation, except the offices of the Mayor and Commissioner, functions from the annexe building. The Mayor and the Commissioner offices functions at the main building. The annexe building was constructed at a cost of INR 230 million and has a built-up area of 150,000 sq. ft. and a parking space for 50 cars and 150 motorcycles. The building, built with aspects of a green building, could accommodate about 1,000 officials. The building also features a 500-seater auditorium, 100-seater conference hall and 70 toilets with facilities for persons with disability. The building could reduce energy consumption by 20 percent by means of water-cooled air-conditioning and roof heat-reflective tiles Manufactured by JAPEVA ENGIINEERING PVT LTD, Chennai. The building has been designed in a post-modern style, with some elements of traditional architecture. Some design elements would suit the colonial-style architecture of the Ripon Buildings.[2]

Restoration[edit]

In 2012, a massive renovation was initiated at a cost of INR77 million under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM), to preserve the building's original grandeur. Under this, an annexe building measuring 12,540 sq m will be constructed alongside the main structure to house all the departments of the Corporation and all structures in the premises that do not blend in with the main structure aesthetically will be demolished in June 2013 when the annexe building is completed. The annexe building, with an auditorium to seat 500 persons, will be built in a contemporary and post-modern style, highlighting with elements of regional architecture, to blend with the Indo-Saracenic style of the main building. The main building is also being renovated under the process with the use of lime mortar for plastering. It is the first heritage building in the country to have received funds from JNNURM for renovation.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Building—History". Corporation of Chennai. Retrieved 29 Dec 2012. 
  2. ^ Xavier Lopez, Aloysius (1 August 2014). "'Amma Maaligai' emerges as hub". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). Retrieved 9 Aug 2014. 
  3. ^ Xavier Lopez, Aloysius (9 January 2013). "Eyesores on Ripon Buildings premises to go". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). Retrieved 9 Jan 2013.