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Close to the village, in the desert, was excavated a series of cemeteries. The cemeteries ranging in time from the Naqada-culture to modern times. Most important are those tombs dating to the Naqada-culture (the relevant cemetery is published under the name Gerzeh) and those of the Middle and New Kingdom. The cemeteries were excavated and published by Reginald Engelbach in 1912 to 1913.
Most of the tombs found were simple shafts, some with one or more chambers at the bottom. Finds include stelae, statues and canopic jars. From the Middle Kingdom some well preserved and decorated coffins are preserved. Most remarkable was in undisturbed tomb containing two skeletons and golden jewellery. A closer look at this burial revealed that one of the skeletons belonged to the person buried here, while the other one belonged to the tomb robber, who died because the roof of the tomb chamber collapsed while he was looting the mummy.
- R. Engelbach, M. A. Murray, H. Flinders Petrie, W. M. Flinders Petrie: Riqqeh and Memphis VI, (British School of Archaeology in Egypt and Egyptian Research Account Nineteenth Year, 1913), London 1915, online as pdf
- J. Richards: Society and Death in Ancient Egypt, Cambridge 2005, S. 98-106, 118-124 ISBN 0-521-84033-3
- This article incorporates information from