Rirkrit Tiravanija

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Rirkrit Tiravanija
Born Rirkrit Tiravanija
1961
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Nationality Thai

Rirkrit Tiravanija (Thai: ฤกษ์ฤทธิ์ ตีระวนิช, pronunciation: [rɯk-rit tira-wanit] or Tea-rah-vah-nit[1]) is a contemporary artist residing in New York, Berlin, and Chiang Mai.[2] He was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina in 1961. His installations often take the form of stages or rooms for sharing meals, cooking, reading or playing music; architecture or structures for living and socializing are a core element in his work.

Early life and education[edit]

The son of a Thai diplomat[3] and an oral surgeon,[4] Tiravanija was born in Buenos Aires in 1961 and was raised in Thailand, Ethiopia, and Canada.[5] After initially studying history at Carleton University, he later enrolled in the Ontario College of Art in Toronto (1980–84), Banff Center School of Fine Arts (1984), School of the Art Institute of Chicago (1984–86), and Whitney Independent Studies Program in New York (1985–86).[6] He moved to Manhattan in 1982.[7]

Work[edit]

Artistic projects[edit]

According to art historian Rochelle Steiner, Tiravanija's work “is fundamentally about bringing people together.”[8] The artist's installations of the early-1990s involved cooking meals for gallery-goers.[9] In one of his best-known series, begun with pad thai (1990) at the Paula Allen Gallery in New York, he rejected traditional art objects altogether and instead cooked and served food for exhibition visitors.[10] He recreated the installation in 2007 at the David Zwirner gallery in Chelsea using the original elements and renaming the work untitled (Free/Still).[11] In 1995 he presented a similar untitled work at the Carnegie International exhibition at the Carnegie Museum of Art, where he included wall text that presented written instructions for cooking South-east Asian green curry, which was then prepared for visitors.[12] As a prelude to the opening of La Triennale 2012, Tiravanija was invited to transform the main nave of the Grand Palais into a festive, large-scale, twelve-hour banquet composed of a single meal of Tom Kha soup (Soup/No Soup, 2012).[13]

His exhibitions are often based on interaction and exchange among participants. Some viewers, like the students who lived in Untitled 1999, a recreation of Tiravanija's East Village apartment, actually moved in for the duration of an exhibition. A 2005 solo show at Serpentine Gallery, London, featured two new, full-scale replicas of this apartment, complete with kitchen, bath, and bedroom.[14] In other projects, he has bricked up the entrance to gallery spaces, rendering them impenetrable for the duration of the respective exhibition, and has painted the words " Ne Travaillez Jamais" on the wall, a phrase lifted from the May, 1968, protest riots in Paris.[15]

When Tiravanija does make objects, they are most often multiples and ephemera connected with exhibitions.[16] Since the early 1990s, Tiravanija has published multiples in the form of backpacks, cooking utensils, and maps as part of his practice. These commonplace objects used for cooking or camping serve today as memories of the artist’s earlier projects and also stimulate new interactions, whether physical or purely in the imagination. In Untitled 2008–2011 (the map of the land of feeling), Tiravanija presents a visual chronology of his life and work between 1988 and 2008, as told through the pages of his expansive passport.[17]

In 1997 Tiravanija began an engagement with modernist architecture when he installed in the Museum of Modern Art's sculpture garden Untitled: 1997 (Glass House), a child-size version of Philip Johnson's Glass House (1949). Similarly, untitled 2002 (he promised) is an arena of activities ranging from DJ sessions to film screenings within a chrome and steel structure inspired by Rudolf M. Schindler's Kings Road House (1922) in West Hollywood.[18] In Tiravanija’s untitled 2006 (pavilion, table and puzzle) installation, visitors are welcome to gather at a picnic table to assemble an expansive puzzle depicting Eugène Delacroix’s 1830 masterpiece, Liberty Leading the People; a pavilion-like structure, a replica of one designed by Jean Prouvé for use in French colonial Africa, completes the tableau.[19] For Asile Flottant (2010), he constructed a sketch of Le Corbusier’s boat of the same name and inserted a section of it into a gallery. Le Corbusier’s barge was designed for the Salvation Army literally as a floating asylum meant to provide temporary overnight shelter for vagrants wandering the streets of Paris; Tiravanija’s barge, constructed in Chiang Mai, was to serve as a pavilion that houses both political T-shirts designed by the artist, and others that have been collected from all over the world.[20]

In 2004 the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York honoured Tiravanija with the Hugo Boss Prize and presented an exhibition of his work, which had more overtly political tones. Featured in this exhibition, Untitled 2005 (The Air Between the Chain-Link Fence and the Broken Bicycle Wheel) was an installation in which the artist addressed governmental control of popular media by installing a low-tech pirate television station within the museum, using a simple metal antenna and cables as broadcasting equipment, accompanied by a small wooden structure housing a television set and chairs. On the gallery walls Tiravanija featured the text of the US Constitution’s First Amendment (advocating freedom of speech), a history of radio and television communication in America, and simple directions for constructing low-tech broadcasting equipment. Tiravanija’s support of free speech is conveyed by his choice to broadcast the low-budget film Punishment Park (1971), a documentary on the suppression of Vietnam War protests.[21]

For the season 2006/2007 in the Vienna State Opera Rirkrit Tiravanija designed the large scale picture (176 sqm) "Fear Eats the Soul" as part of the exhibition series "Safety Curtain", conceived by museum in progress.[22]

Alongside Hans Ulrich Obrist and Philippe Parreno, Tiravanija staged the opera Il Tempo del postino (‘Postman Time’) with the participation of a number of leading contemporary visual artists, first unveiled at the Manchester International Festival in 2007 and later at Art Basel fair in an expanded form in 2009.[23]

"It is not what you see that is important but what takes place between people."[24]

Curatorial projects[edit]

Tiravanija was the co-curator of the Station Utopia project at the 2003 Venice Biennale together with Hans Ulrich Obrist and Molly Nesbit. In 1998, he co-founded a collaborative educational-ecological project known as The Land Foundation with Thai artist Kamin Lerdchaiprasert, located in the northern part of Thailand, near the village of Sanpathong, 20 km southwest from the provincial city of Chiang Mai. The project combines contemporary art interventions and agricultural traditional values; the six-hectare land[25] is intended to be cultivated as an open space or community free from ownership, and residents and artists are welcomed to use a plot of land as a laboratory for development‚ cultivating rice, building sustainable houses, or channeling solar power.[26] Tiravanija is also part of a collective alternative space located in Bangkok, where he maintains his primary residence and studio.[27]

In 2009, Tiravanija was a member of a think tank established to define the model and architecture of the Guggenheim Urdaibai, an annex for the existing Guggenheim Museum Bilbao.[28]

Teaching[edit]

Tiravanija is a Professor at the School of the Arts at Columbia University.[29]

Exhibitions[edit]

Tiravanija's work has been presented widely at museums and galleries throughout the world including solo exhibitions at the Drawing Center, New York (2008); Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris (2005); Serpentine Gallery, London (2005); Galerie für Zeitgenössische Kunst, Leipzig (2003); Secession, Vienna (2002); Portikus, Frankfurt (2001); Center for Contemporary Art, Kitakyushu, Japan (2000); Los Angeles County Museum of Art (1999); and the Museum of Modern Art, New York (1997).[30]

He had a retrospective exhibition at the Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen in Rotterdam that then was presented in Paris and London. He has participated in such notable group exhibitions as the Sharjah Biennial 8, United Arab Emirates (2007); 27th São Paulo Biennial, Brazil (2006); Whitney Biennial 2006: Day for Night, New York (2005); the 50th Venice Biennale (2003); and Skulptur Projekte Münster (1997). Tiravanija will participate in the 9th Gwangju Biennale (2012).[31]

Critical reception[edit]

Tiravanija's artwork, which explores the social role of the artist, has been regularly cited by French curator Nicolas Bourriaud as exemplary of his conception of relational art.[32] However, addressing Tiravanija's work (amongst others) as paradigmatic of relational art, Claire Bishop challenges his (and RA's) emancipatory claims and criticises him (as part of the RA movement) for benefiting from "ubiquitous presence on the international art scene" and "collaps[ing] into compensatory (and self-congratulatory) entertainment." [33]

Recognition[edit]

Tiravanija's work has been recognized with numerous awards and grants including a Gordon Matta Clark Foundation Award, Louis Comfort Tiffany Foundation Biennial Competition Award (1993), National Endowment for the Arts Visual Artist Fellowship (1994), the Benesse by the Naoshima Contemporary Art Museum in Japan, the Lucelia Artist Award from the Smithsonian American Art Museum (2003),[34] and the Hugo Boss Prize from the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York (2004).[35] Stefano Pasquini dedicated a song to him in the CD "Canzoni che costano un po' meno del solito" in 2011. [36]

Filmography[edit]

  • Lung Neaw Visits His Neighbours (2011) The film was shown at the Orizzonti section of the 68th Venice International Film Festival (http://www.lungneawvisitsfilm.com). In Tiravanija’s second feature, a retired farmer lives in a tranquil village in Chiang Mai, far from the recent political turmoil in Bangkok. At a moment when many people are demanding equality, opportunity, and democracy, we see in Lung Neaw an existence marked by compassion for his environment and his fellow villagers. The film offers a contemplative look at one man’s humble dialogue with his surroundings.[37]

Personal life[edit]

Tiravanija was married to noted painter Elizabeth Peyton in 1991. They separated in the late 1990s and divorced in 2004. They are both represented by Gavin Brown's Enterprise gallery.[38]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jerry Saltz (May 7, 2007), Conspicuous Consumption New York Magazine.
  2. ^ Rirkrit Tiravanija Solomon R. Guggenheim, New York.
  3. ^ Rirkrit Tiravanija Museum of Modern Art, New York.
  4. ^ Delia Bajo and Brainard Carey (February 2004), In Conversation: Rirkrit Tiravanija The Brooklyn Rail.
  5. ^ Sarah Milroy (April 7, 2007), A global art star comes home The Globe and Mail.
  6. ^ Rirkrit Tiravanija Solomon R. Guggenheim, New York.
  7. ^ Calvin Tomkins (October 17, 2005), Shall We Dance? The New Yorker.
  8. ^ Calvin Tomkins (October 17, 2005), Shall We Dance? The New Yorker.
  9. ^ Jerry Saltz, Art in America, Feb 1996.
  10. ^ Rirkrit Tiravanija Solomon R. Guggenheim, New York.
  11. ^ Carol Vogel (October 27, 2011), Meals as Art at MoMA New York Times.
  12. ^ Rirkrit Tiravanija Museum of Modern Art, New York.
  13. ^ Rirkrit Tiravanija, Soup/No Soup, 2012 La Triennale, Paris.
  14. ^ Rose Jennings (July 24, 2005), There's plenty of room for manoeuvre The Guardian.
  15. ^ Sarah Milroy (April 7, 2007), A global art star comes home The Globe and Mail.
  16. ^ Faye Hirsch (June 7, 2011), Rirkrit Tiravanija Art in America.
  17. ^ Print/Out, February 19 – May 14, 2012 Museum of Modern Art, New York.
  18. ^ Rirkrit Tiravanija Solomon R. Guggenheim, New York.
  19. ^ Hélio Oiticica/Rirkrit Tiravanija: Contact, February 27 – November 21, 2010 Walker Art Center, Minneapolis.
  20. ^ Rirkrit Tiravanija: Asile flottant, May 5 - June 17, 2010 Galerie Chantal Crousel, Paris.
  21. ^ Rirkrit Tiravanija Museum of Modern Art, New York.
  22. ^ "Safety Curtain 2006/2007", museum in progress, Vienna.
  23. ^ Louisa Buck (June 10, 2009), The group show that takes to the stage The Art Newspaper.
  24. ^ "." .
  25. ^ Sarah Milroy (April 7, 2007), A global art star comes home The Globe and Mail.
  26. ^ Rirkrit Tiravanija Solomon R. Guggenheim, New York.
  27. ^ Rirkrit Tiravanija Columbia University School of the Arts.
  28. ^ Raul Martinez (October 19, 2009), More to Love: Another Guggenheim for Bilbao? Art in America.
  29. ^ Columbia Faculty
  30. ^ "Rirkrit Tiravanija at Gavin Brown's Enterprise: Untitled (Tomorrow can shut up and go away)." Asian Art News, November 1999.
  31. ^ http://www.e-flux.com/announcements/roundtable-announces-participants/
  32. ^ Nicolas Bourriaud L'esthétique relationnelle, édition Les presses du réel, ISBN 2-84066-030-X
  33. ^ Bishop, Claire. "Antagonism and Relational Aesthetics." October (Fall 2004, No. 110): 51-79. [1]
  34. ^ Rirkrit Tiravanija Columbia University School of the Arts.
  35. ^ Exhibition of the Artist’s Work Presented at the Guggenheim in Early 2005
  36. ^ Canzoni che costano un po' meno del solito, AAVV, 2011
  37. ^ Rirkrit Tiravanija Gavin Brown's Enterprise, New York.
  38. ^ Calvin Tomkins, Profiles, “The Artist of the Portrait,” The New Yorker, October 6, 2008, p. 47.

External links[edit]