Risiera di San Sabba
Risiera di San Sabba was a 5-storey brick-built compound that functioned as a Nazi concentration camp for the detention and killing of political prisoners during World War II, located in Trieste, northern Italy. SS members Odilo Globocnik and Karl Frenzel, and Ivan Marchenko are all said to have participated in the killings at this camp. Erwin Lambert is claimed to have installed cremation facilities. Today, the former concentration camp operates as a civic museum.
The building was erected in 1913 and first used as a rice-husking facility (hence the name "Risiera"). During World War II, German occupation forces in Trieste used the building to transport, detain and exterminate prisoners. Many occupants of Risiera di San Sabba were transported to the Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau in Poland. Historians estimate that over 3,000 people were killed at the Risiera camp and thousands more imprisoned and transported elsewhere. The majority of prisoners came from Friuli, the Julian March and the Province of Ljubljana.
After the war, the camp served as a refugee center and transit point. In the 1950s, many people, especially ethnic Italians fleeing then communist Yugoslavia, passed through the camp. Celebrity chef and restaurateur Lidia Matticchio Bastianich spent two years in the camp with her parents and brother before receiving visas to America. Boris Pahor was also held at the camp before being transported to the concentration camps of Dachau and Natzweiler.
- "LIDIA BASTIANICH-AMERICA'S TOP CHEF". croatians.com. Retrieved 2011-05-25.
- "Lidia's Italian-American Kitchen: Author's Introduction". Random House. Retrieved 2011-05-25.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Risiera di San Sabba (Trieste).|
- Risiera di San Sabba (in Italian but with links to a downloadable English PDF file
- 27 gennaio 2010 "Giorno della Memoria" a Trieste presso la Scuola Agenti di Polizia, Carcere Coroneo e Risiera di San Sabba