|Main ingredients||Pastry or breadcrumbs; sweet or savory filling|
A rissole (from Latin russeolus, meaning reddish, via French in which "rissoler" means "to [make] redden") is a small croquette, enclosed in pastry or rolled in breadcrumbs, usually baked or deep fried. It is filled with sweet or savory ingredients, most often minced meat or fish, and is served as an entrée, main course, dessert or side dish.
Variations by country
In Portugal, rissoles are known as rissóis (singular "rissol") and are a very popular snack that can be found in many cafes, barbecues and house parties. Rissóis are a breaded pastry shaped as half-moon, usually filled with fish or shrimp in Béchamel sauce and then deep fried. Minced meat is often used too. Other variations use chicken or a combination of cheese and ham as a filling. Rissóis are usually eaten cold, as a snack or as an appetizer, but can also be a main course, usually served with rice and/or salad.
Fried rissoles are common in the Republic of Ireland, especially in the county of Wexford, where boiled potatoes are mashed, mixed with herbs and spices, battered or breadcrumbed, and served with chips, and/or chicken or battered sausages.
Rissoles are sold in chip shops in south Wales, north-east England and Yorkshire. Rissoles and chips is a common choice of meal. These rissoles are meat (typically corned beef), or fish in Yorkshire, mashed up with potato, herbs and sometimes onion. They are coated in breadcrumbs or less frequently battered and deep fried.
In Poland, rissoles are known as sznycle (singular "sznycel") and are very common in canteens, especially in schools. Eaten hot as the main part of the main course, sznycle are usually served with boiled potatoes (sometimes mashed) and vegetables. The stuffing is always minced meat. Other variations use chicken or a combination of cheese and ham as a filling. In some regions where the name denotes a Wiener schnitzel, the term kotlet siekany (literally: "chopped cutlet") is used instead.
Australia and New Zealand
The Australian rissole is generally made from minced meat (beef, pork, lamb, chicken, turkey or kangaroo) without a pastry covering, but sometimes with bread crumbs. They are often cooked on the barbecue during summer and eaten with tomato ketchup.
The New Zealand rissole is much the same as the Australian rissole, but may contain diced yellow onion.
Rissole is a snack food in Indonesia, where they are called risoles (pronounced 'riss-ol-less'). The skin is made from batter in the same fashion as a flat pancake. They are commonly filled with bechamel, chicken, and diced vegetables includes carrot, celery, common beans and potato. The filling is wrapped inside the skin, then the package are rolled upon breadcrumbs and fried in ample of hot cooking oil. It is eaten with bird's eye chili, chilli sauce, mayonnaise or mustard.
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