Ritz Ballroom, Bridgeport
|Opened||March 23, 1923|
|Closed||January 1, 1962|
|Demolished||June 12, 1970|
The ballroom opened on March 23, 1923, under the management of owners Joe Barry and George McCormack. The final event held was the New Year's Eve Dance on December 31, 1961. After it was closed on January 1, 1962, the building became a furniture store but was then completely destroyed by a fire on June 12, 1970.
The ballroom was located on Fairfield Avenue near Davidson Street and Courtland Avenue. The wood for the dance floor was originally the ice skating rink at the Parlor Rock Amusement Park in Trumbull, which had been moved to the Brooklawn Pavilion, another hall owned by Barry and McCormack. The hall set a record attendance of 1,724 people in 1943 for a Stan Kenton show, and again that same year with a similar sized crowd for Duke Ellington; a ticket was priced at $0.88. However, in 1950 a one-night event with big band leader Ralph Flanagan drew 3,054 people at $1.50 a ticket.
A variety of musical artists played the ballroom throughout its existence, including Les Brown, Frankie Carle, Guy Lombardo, George Shearing, and Frank Sinatra as well as Bing Crosby, Connie Haines, Frankie Laine and Artie Shaw. The hall was also often used for formal functions, such as the farewell dinner honoring Clare Boothe Luce on April 10, 1953, before she took up her post in Rome as United States Ambassador to Italy.
In January, 1939, jazz musician Bunny Berigan was famously charged $117 by the city of Bridgeport for permission to play the ballroom after missing a concert at the city's Pleasure Beach Ballroom.
A dance scheduled for May 22, 1955, featuring Fats Domino was cancelled by the Bridgeport Police Department, citing worries about rock and roll music and a recent near riot at the New Haven Arena.
WVOF hosts a weekly radio show featuring music, commentaries and interviews from the venue. Host Jeffrey Williams has also written a book, "Home of Happy Dancers" - The Story of Bridgeport, Connecticut's Ritz Ballroom, on the venue, and declared 2011 the "Year of the Ritz" in honor of its being 50 years since it closed. A "Ritz Supper Club" featuring big band music and jazz still plays local venues as of December 2011.
- Andrew Pehanick, Bridgeport: 1900–1960, Postcard history series, Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia, 2009, ISBN 978-0-7385-6251-3, p. 117.
- "'Home of Happy Dancers' recalls famed Bridgeport ballroom". The Connecticut Post. Accessed 14 December 2011.
- "History of Black Rock". Accessed 15 December 2011.
- "The Parlor Rock Story". Accessed 15 December 2011.
- "Kenton Drew Top Crowd for Season at Ritz," Billboard July 3, 1943, p. 23.
- "Flanagan Tour Chalks Up Hefty Scores for Week," Billboard May 20, 1950, p. 4.
- "Book Dances to the Beat of the Ritz Ballroom" "The Review." Accessed 15 December 2011.
- "MRS. LUCE TO BE HONORED; ' Godspeed' Dinner for Envoy Will Be Held on April 10". The New York Times. Accessed 15 December 2011.
- George Thomas Simon, Glenn Miller and His Orchestra, New York: Crowell, 1974, ISBN 978-0-690-00470-0, p. 105.
- Robert Dupuis, Bunny Berigan: Elusive Legend of Jazz, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University, 2005, ISBN 978-0-8071-3068-1, p. 190.
- Rick Coleman, Blue Monday: Fats Domino and the Lost Dawn of Rock 'n' Roll, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Da Capo, 2006, ISBN 978-0-306-81491-4, p. 105.
- "'At the Ritz". At the Ritz — Official Website. Accessed 14 December 2011.
- "Ritz Supper Club keeps the big band era going strong". The Connecticut Post. Accessed 15 December 2011.
- Jeffrey C. Williams. "Home of Happy Dancers": The Story of Bridgeport, Connecticut's Ritz Ballroom. Virginia Beach, Virginia: Donning, 2011. ISBN 978-1-57864-722-4