River Bourne, Addlestone
There are two rivers named Bourne in Surrey which join together at St George's College (Woburn Park) near the Thames. This article refers to the southern branch which runs generally north-eastward and its tributaries. It is not to be confused with the River Bourne, Chertsey which begins at sources by Sunninghill and ends at the same place.
The River Bourne is the name given to a Thames tributary in northwest Surrey, England which has a longer tributary, the Windle Brook, that rises nears Bagshot Park in the south of Swinley Forest, Berkshire, merging with it while flowing through villages north of Woking; downstream the Bourne joins the Thames near Weybridge.
The River Bourne or The Bourne rises southwest of Bisley in Bisley Common[n 1] where it joins the longer Trulley Brook which drains Colony Bog and the middle of the Pirbright Ranges[n 2], flows between West End and Bisley[n 3], skirts the south of Chobham, makes a meander into rural north Woking and joins the much longer Mill Bourne to the east of Chobham before flowing between Woodham and Addlestone, then New Haw and Addlestone. Finally passing through some of the town, it enters St George's College, Addlestone (formerly Woburn Park) where the River Bourne joins with the River Bourne (Chertsey branch). The River Bourne then by a manmade channel turns east instead of running the final 100m into the Upper Chertsey Reach; joining the River Thames below the southern weir of Shepperton Lock and its many islands, which due to the barraging of the Thames provides (as was possible before the Thames weirs were built) a greater fall.
Along its lower course, past St George's College, Addlestone (formerly Woburn Park) the river becomes canalized and flows through 20 gardens of the Hamm Court estate, in the ecclesiastical parish of Addlestone and historically civil parish, but adjoining the Weybridge border to reach the Thames below Shepperton Lock.
The Windle Brook is a small river springing at New England Hill, Swinley Forest, Berkshire a forest with some military use in the Crown Estate with further nearby sources in Bagshot, Surrey. Brooks of Windlesham merge with the Windle Brook below Windlesham Golf Club then flow through Windlesham Arboretum, a public space managed by Surrey Wildlife Trust. The brook runs north of Chobham and through Windlesham, providing the latter with its name. During this journey a few lakes are made, including Rapley Lake and just below a private lake with weir in royal Bagshot Park.
The Hale Bourne, Lightwater and Chobham
In an hilly, well-wooded strip of public heath adjoining the off-limits Pirbright Ranges Heath to the south, in Lightwater, the Hale Bourne springs which forms a small lake, Lightwater, surrounded by houses and its flow turns east when it takes on a greater amount of water from the Windle Brook below Broadway Green, Windlebrook and Rectory Farms in Lightwater; then this enlarged Hale Bourne flows into Chobham where it becomes joined by a tributary and known as the Mill Bourne.
The Mill Bourne, Chobham
As soon as joined by Clappers Brook in west Chobham the Hale becomes the Mill Bourne. It passes a recreation ground and Millbourne Bridge through the village centre picking up two main tributaries from the north (as the south is drained by The Bourne, see above), the only named one is Clappers Brook.[n 4] In this straight the Mill Bourne passes Town Mill, the Chobham Museum, Sow Moor and Emmett's Mill before reaching a confluence with The Bourne. This confluence is between the McLaren Technology Centre grounds and Fairoaks Airport.
Knaphill and Parley Brooks
Waterer's Park[n 5] marks the start of an additional stream flowing north from Knaphill, the northern suburb of Woking forming a confluence west of Horsell Common. Just before the confluence is the confluence of the Parley Brook that stems from the Goldsworth Park recreation ground.
During 12–14 August 2006, much of the civil parish of Chobham suffered from severe floods due to the River Bourne and the Mill Bourne bursting their banks. The floods were caused by heavy rainfall and thunderstorms across the region that resulted in flooded homes and businesses, power cuts and road closures. This caused the rainfall to run across the land to local watercourses and low-lying areas. Two months' rainfall fell in one night and local watercourses were unable to cope with the run off so flooded adjacent land, buildings and roads.
Concerns were express by residents to the parish council that the flooding in Chobham was exacerbated on a small scale by the use of Field 0081, Pennypot Lane, Chobham as a site for travellers who have covered that area with hardcore to support their mobile homes. This area used to be a water meadow absorbing some floodwater from the River Bourne adjacent to the site. Planning permission for the site was refused as this land was seen as providing a river corridor for the River Bourne.
Surrounding Soil, Elevations and Rainfall
The two main watercourses are once past Lightwater/Bisley 2.5–5 m wide flow over land which is geologically the remains of the sandy Bagshot formation, where sands and organic matter overlie clay, described as "slowly permeable loamy or peat soils" or "loamy and clayey soils with naturally high groundwater" surrounded by "free-draining naturally wet heath" on higher land, making in the uplands swathes unique, heather, gorse and coniferous habitat interspersed with bogs and brooks.
At Chobham the widest plain of surrounding land forms which is, as drained by ditches and less acidic, fertile and widely used for cultivation. Elevations range as follows:
|Elevation of Bourne at centre||Settlement passed||Elevations of centre of settlement|
|53m ("Windle Brook")||Bagshot||55-91m|
|41.5m ("Windle Brook")||Windlesham Arboretum||42-46m|
|43.5m ("Hale Bourne")||Lightwater||45.3-60m|
|31—33m (River Bourne)||Bisley||36m-55m|
|30—32m (River Bourne)||West End||31.7-42m (mostly 33-42m)|
|25m (River Bourne)||Chobham (High Street south of Church)||26—27.2m|
|27.2m ("Mill Bourne")||Chobham (High Street and all areas off Windsor Road north of Church)||27.5-39m|
|15–15.5m||New Haw Golf Fun and Driving Range||15.5-16.2m|
Local annual rainfall is about 635 mm.
Being capable of the grant of private land fishing rights by all adjoining landowners, not being a navigable river, several fishing groups use the river without need for government body permits.
Bourne Anglers, for instance is a small fishing club/conservation group, started in 2013. The club has been set up to maintain the river and with kind permission of various landowners has kept stretches a free fishing river.
Notes and References
- Specifically in the western part of Bisley Common, part of the Ministry of Defence Pirbright Ranges. Bisley Common denotes two commons; the one that has these headwaters does not refer to the full public access common also known as "Reidon Hill" by Knaphill.
- The Chobham and Pirbright Commons a Surrey Wildlife Trust area most of which is a military training area includes such areas as Strawberry Hill, Strawberry Bottom, Colony Bog, Lovelands Hill and Brock Hill)
- Bisley and West End both have the Ranges and Heath to the west
- Clappers Brook rises in Valley End, Surrey west of Staple Hill the highest point of Chobham Common
- Waterer's Park is a public park
- Note that KT15 reveals Addlestone includes Woburn Park — as when it was one parish, Chertsey, Addlestone on all boundaries occupies almost all land west of the River Wey
- Ordnance Survey map, courtesy of English Heritage
- Surrey Wildlife Trust - Windlesham Arboretum
- Rectory Farm Grade II* architectural listing entry and map in Lightwater English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1030001)". National Heritage List for England.
- Surrey Heath Borough Council - Flood info
- 2006 Flood news
- Campaign to Protect Rural England
- Government News Network
- National Soil Resources Institute – Cranfield University
- Grid reference Finder measurement tools
|Next confluence upstream||River Thames||Next confluence downstream
|Abbey River (south)||River Bourne, Addlestone with
River Bourne, Chertsey
|Wey and Godalming Navigations