River Devon, Nottinghamshire

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River Devon
River Devon - geograph.org.uk - 412747.jpg
The River Devon looking downstream from Hawton bridge
Origin Several springs near Eastwell, Leicestershire
Mouth River Trent, Newark-on-Trent
Basin countries England
Source elevation 490 feet (150 m)
Mouth elevation 50 feet (15 m)
River Devon
River Trent
Marina
B6166 bridge, Newark
Queen's Sconce
Middle Beck
Devon Bridge, Hawton
River Smite
Winter Beck
railway bridge (dis)
railway bridge
railway bridge (dis)
Devon Lane ford
Rectory Lane, Bottesford
Grantham Road, Bottesford
Railway bridge
A52 bridges
Muston
railway bridge (dis)
Grantham Canal
Belvoir Lower Lake
Belvoir Upper Lake
Frog Hollow
The Carrier (to canal)
Knipton Reservoir
Croxton Park lakes
Eaton
Eastwell
source

The River Devon /ˈdivən/ is a tributary of the River Trent, which rises in Leicestershire and joins the Trent at Newark in Nottinghamshire, England. In its upper reaches, it supplies Knipton Reservoir, which was built to supply water to the Grantham Canal, and Belvoir Lakes, designed by Capability Brown. It passes under the Grantham Canal, and then through Bottesford, where it is spanned by five railway bridges, only one of which is still used for its original purpose. On the outskirts of Newark, it passes by two Civil War structures, and just before it joins the Trent it becomes navigable, with a marina located on the west bank. Its name is pronounced "Deevon", not as spelt.[1]

Hydrology[edit]

The river has a catchment of 109.8 square miles (284 km2) and had an average flow of 29.8 million gallons (135.6 Megalitres) per day, measured at the gauging station in Cotham, near the mouth. However, the gauging station was closed in 1978, due to doubts about the reliability of its measurements, and there is currently no gauging station on the river. The catchment receives 23.28 inches (591 mm) of rainfall in an average year.[2]

Course[edit]

The river rises as a series of springs and streams near the villages of Eastwell, Bottesford (Leics) Eaton in north-east Leicestershire, close to the 490-foot (150 m) contour, and flows generally northwards. Passing close to Branston, it flows into Knipton reservoir, built in the 1790s to supply the Grantham Canal.[3] The surface area of the reservoir is 52 acres (21 ha), and it feeds the canal through a channel, called The Carrier, which has open sections and runs through a tunnel for about 1 mile (1.6 km).[4] In 2006, British Waterways completed a refurbishment programme on the dam and spillway which cost £170,000.[5] The village of Knipton is a little further to the north, on the eastern bank of the river. An unnamed tributary flows through the village to join the river, after which it enters woodland, where it is joined by a stream flowing eastwards from a small lake called Frog Hollow. Belvoir upper lake and Belvoir lower lake come next, each covering 12 acres (4.9 ha) and created by the landscape architect Capability Brown in the grounds of the Belvoir Castle estate. They are used for course fishing.[6] Between them, an early 19th-century bridge with five arches and long retaining walls, built from ironstone and limestone, acts as a weir.[7] After the lakes, the river passes to the east of Woolsthorpe-by-Belvoir and the hamlet of Stenwith, to flow under the Grantham Canal in a conduit. By this time it is below the 160-foot (49 m) contour. The county border between Leicestershire and Lincolnshire follows the course of the river for a short distance near the bottom lake, and beyond Woolsthorpe, the river is in Lincolnshire.[8]

Passing back into Leicestershire, it flows through Muston and Bottesford, where there are a number of bridges. At the end of Church Street, Fleming's bridge is a double-arched grade II listed medieval bridge, now just used by pedestrians, which was built for Samuel Fleming, who was rector in the village between 1581 and 1620.[9] At Devon Lane, there is a ford, besides which stands a single-arched brick bridge, with two holes passing through the spandrels, and iron railings in the centre of the parapet. It was built in the early 19th century.[10] Beyond the village, the river is crossed by four railway bridges, only one of which is still in use, carrying the line from Grantham to Nottingham. A fifth bridge, located in fields to the north of the village, consisting of three brick arches, carried the Newark to Leicester railway line over the river. It was opened in 1860, and ceased to be used for railway traffic in 1960. The centre arch collapsed after heavy rain in 2007, and the whole structure has been replaced by a single steel span, resting on the remains of two of the piers.[11]

The river again forms the county border, until it reaches Staunton in the Vale, which is in Nottinghamshire. The Winter Beck joins the west bank, as does the River Smite soon afterwards. The river passes Cotham which lies to the east, and runs close to a Civil War redoubt at Hawton,[12] to arrive at the outskirts of Newark-on-Trent. Here it passes another civil war defence, the Queen's Sconce, built in 1644 at a strategic point overlooking the Devon, the Trent and the Great North Road. The site was bought by Newark Urban Council in 1912, and formed part of Devon Park, which has since been extended by further acquisitions of land.[13] Crossing under the B6166, which follows the course of the Fosse Way Roman road at this point, the Devon joins the River Trent. Below the bridge, the river is used for moorings, and there is a marina on the western bank. The mouth is below the 50-foot (15 m) contour.[8]

Points of interest[edit]


Bibliography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lycett Green, Candida. Unwrecked England. Oldie. p. 30. 
  2. ^ Marsh & Hannaford 2008, pp. 67, 72
  3. ^ Hadfield 1970, p. 61
  4. ^ "Linear Walk 5". Grantham Canal. Retrieved 2011-06-15. 
  5. ^ "What's happening October 2006". Grantham Canal. Retrieved 2011-06-15. 
  6. ^ "Belvoir Lakes". AJS Fisheries. 
  7. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (190009)". Images of England.  Bridge between upper and lower lakes
  8. ^ a b Ordnance Survery, 1:25000 map
  9. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (190046)". Images of England.  Fleming's Bridge, Bottesford
  10. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (190049)". Images of England.  Footbridge, Devon Lane, Bottesford
  11. ^ Peggy Topps. "Bottesford Bridges". Bottesford Living History. Retrieved 2011-02-27. 
  12. ^ "Hawton Reboubt". PastScape - National Monuments Record (322226). 
  13. ^ "History of the Park". Friends of Sconce and Devon Park. Retrieved 2011-06-15. 

Coordinates: 53°04′18″N 0°49′23″W / 53.0717°N 0.8231°W / 53.0717; -0.8231