River Greta, Cumbria

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For other rivers with the same name, see River Greta (disambiguation).
Coordinates: 54°36′7″N 3°9′10″W / 54.60194°N 3.15278°W / 54.60194; -3.15278
Greta (Cumbria)
River
Country United Kingdom
Part England
Source
 - location Threlkeld
Mouth River Derwent, Cumbria
 - location Keswick
 - coordinates 54°36′7″N 3°9′10″W / 54.60194°N 3.15278°W / 54.60194; -3.15278

The River Greta is a river in Cumbria, England. It is a tributary of the River Derwent and flows through the town of Keswick. "Greta" derives from the Old Norse "Griótá", meaning "stony stream".[1] The name is in records dating from the early 13th century, and also appears in Latinised form, as "Gretagila", at the time of Magna Carta.[1]

The source of the river is near Threlkeld, at the confluence of the River Glenderamackin and St. John's Beck. From there, the river runs westward, roughly aligned with the former Cockermouth, Keswick and Penrith Railway between Keswick and Penrith. The river subsequently flows through Keswick before joining the Derwent just after the latter flows out of Derwentwater.[2] The medieval bridge over the river in Keswick was unusual in having two arches; on the great coach road from Kendal to Cockermouth all but two of the other bridges (Troutbeck and Portinscale) crossed their rivers in a single span. The current Greta Bridge in Keswick is another two-arch structure, built in 1926.[3]

The major tributaries of the Greta are Naddle Beck and Glenderaterra Beck.[2]

River Greta in Fitz Park, Keswick, with Penrith Road on the right
River Greta in Fitz Park, looking towards the town

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ekwall, p. 205
  2. ^ a b Jenkinson, pp. 131, 183 and 189
  3. ^ Thompson, pp. 347–348

References[edit]

  • Ekwall, Eilert (1960). Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198691033. 
  • Jenkinson, Henry Irwin (1879). Practical Guide to the English Lake District. London: E Stanford. OCLC 19717012. 
  • Thompson, Bruce L (1969). "Portinscale Bridge". Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, New Series, Volume 69. Kendal: CWAAS.