River Line (Conrail)

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For other uses, see River Line (disambiguation).
A map of the River Line and former River Line at its south end; the River Line comes from the northwest corner, and used to turn east through the tunnel and then south along the river.

The River Line is a rail corridor located between Jersey City, New Jersey and Selkirk, New York, running along the west side of the Hudson Palisades and after passing through a tunnel at Haverstraw, New York, along the west bank of the Hudson River. A parallel track, which was operated as part of the River Line from Jersey City to Weehawken, New Jersey, was known as the Weehawken Branch. The River Line has since been split into several sections, following the 1999 division of Conrail assets between Norfolk Southern Railway and CSX Transportation.

The current name for this line is now CSX River Subdivision.

The section south of CP 2 at CSX's North Bergen Yard is now owned by New Jersey Transit and used as part of the Hudson-Bergen Light Rail. CSX owns the remainder of the line. The section from CP 2 north to CP 7, a point in Bogota, New Jersey, was the Bergen Subdivision and incorporated into the River Subdivision.

At CP 2, the former Bergen Subdivision connects to the ex-Conrail Northern Branch, which now carries trains that had used the River Line south of CP 2. At Selkirk, the River Subdivision ends at the Castleton Subdivision, with the Port Subdivision continuing towards Albany. The Castleton Sub was built as part of a bypass for through trains around Albany.

Conrail's defunct River Line and Weehawken Branch[edit]

The River Line ran at the foot of the Bergen Hill parallel to the Hudson River until the former Weehawken Terminal where it veered west under the Hudson Palisades through a tunnel to North Bergen Yard.

The River Line began at CP Waldo, at a junction with the Passaic and Harsimus Line (P&H). The P&H Line runs west through what was the Pennsylvania Railroad's Bergen Hill Cut, just north of PATH, through a re-aligned Marion Junction.

At CP Nave, the River Line junctioned with the National Docks Secondary, which still runs south on the east side of the Hudson Palisades, with the Nave-Croxton Running Track running west through the old Erie Railroad's Long Dock Tunnel. The junction only allowed trains coming to/from the south on the National Docks to continue to/from the north on the River Line.

North of CP Nave, the River Line entered Hoboken; it is now used for the Hudson-Bergen Light Rail (HBLR) north of this point. The HBLR runs around the west and north sides of Hoboken and into Weehawken, where it turns west through a tunnel to CSX's North Bergen Yard, originally part of the New York Central's West Shore Railroad.

From that point north, the River Line is still in use, but as CSX as the River Subdivision, north towards Albany, New York.

The Weehawken Branch was just east of the River Line, from somewhere in Jersey City north of CP Nave to Baldwin Avenue in Weehawken. It was operated by Conrail as a second track of the River Line.

The River Line was abandoned east and south of the Tonnelle Avenue overpass at the North Bergen yard. The short connection between the National Docks Secondary and the River Line was also abandoned, as was the Weehawken Branch.[1]

History[edit]

The first bit of the River Line, splitting from the P&H Line and passing over the National Docks, was built fairly recently as a connecting track. North of there, the line was the New Jersey Junction Railroad to the Weehawken tunnel. Through the tunnel, it was the West Shore Railroad. Both of these lines were owned by the New York Central Railroad.

The Weehawken Branch was built and owned by the Erie Railroad. It originally passed through the middle of Hoboken, but was later realigned to the west side, right next to the New Jersey Junction Railroad.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2000-12-08/html/00-30944.htm
  2. ^ http://books.google.nl/books?id=HPxWKIDKbZoC&pg=PA231&lpg=PA231&dq=Weehawken+Branch+Erie&source=bl&ots=k2RExPIZGZ&sig=6SOrWFL2r

External links[edit]