River Ness

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The River Ness (Scottish Gaelic: Abhainn Nis) is a river about 12 miles or 20 km long, which flows from the northern end of Loch Ness in Scotland, through Loch Dochfour,[1] north-east to Inverness, with a total fall in height of about 16 metres before discharging into the Beauly Firth. The river is the origin of the name of Inverness which is from the Scottish Gaelic: Inbhir Nis, meaning "Mouth of the Ness".

River Ness
River-Ness-2.JPG
River Ness looking downstream towards the Greig St Bridge
Origin Loch Ness
Mouth Beauly Firth
Length 12 miles (20 km)
Source elevation 52.49 ft (16 m)
Mouth elevation 0 ft (0 m)
Avg. discharge 300 m3/s (11,000 cu ft/s) at mouth
Basin area 1,850 km2 (710 sq mi)
River Ness looking upstream towards Inverness Castle, Inverness, Scotland
River Ness and Eden Court Theatre

Course[edit]

Dochgarroch weir at the downstream end of Loch Dochfour delineates the start of the River Ness. At Carnarc Point on the west bank the river discharges into the eastern end of the Beauly Firth, which is a continuation of the Moray Firth, at Kessock. The northern section of the Caledonian Canal passes partly through the River Ness and partly alongside it.[2] The river Ness is of glacial origin. Although of short length the River Ness has one of the highest average discharge rates in the UK of 11,000 cu ft/s (300m³/s).[3]

Ness Catchment[edit]

Although the River Ness starts at Dochgarroch weir at the downstream end of Loch Dochfour it is supplied by Loch Ness and so all the rivers flowing into Loch Ness are part of the River Ness catchment area:

Notable Buildings[edit]

On a hill above the river in Inverness stands Inverness Castle. Next to the castle is the Inverness Museum and Art Gallery. The river is overlooked by the Eden Court Theatre, one of the largest theatres in Scotland. St. Andrew's Cathedral also lies on the banks of the River Ness as does Old High St Stephen's which stands on a hill known as St Michael's Mount. Inverness draws many tourists and there are hotels along the river.

Bridges[edit]

There are several bridges in Inverness which cross the River Ness: the Ness Islands bridges; the Infirmary Bridge, built at Rose Street Foundry, Inverness 1879; Ness Bridge, constructed in 1961 replacing an earlier bridge which itself replaced a bridge of 1685[4] which collapsed during flooding in 1849. The 1685 bridge was sketched by J.M.W. Turner in 1831 and the sketch belongs to the Tate;[5] Greig Street Bridge; Friar's Bridge; Waterloo Bridge; and the Railway Bridge, which is a steel bridge fabricated in 1989 to replace the earlier stone bridge which was swept away in floods in 1989. The Greig Street Bridge is a picturesque suspension bridge built in Inverness in 1881.[6]

Nature and Parks[edit]

Inverness Castle and River Ness upstream of the Infirmary Bridge
River Ness looking downstream towards Friars Bridge, Inverness, Scotland

Upstream of Inverness city centre lie the Ness Islands which are popular for nature walks and have many fine tree specimens.[7][8] The river flows through the heart of the City of Inverness, and fishermen in waders can often be seen casting for salmon. The Ness District Salmon Fishery Board is the statutory body responsible for the protection and enhancement of salmon and sea trout fisheries in the Ness District.[9] Common seals and grey seals are often seen, as are grey heron, pipistrelle and Daubenton's bats, housemartins, grey wagtail, great black backed gull, European herring gull, oystercatchers, mallards, dippers, goosander and other diving birds. At certain times of the year Arctic terns can be seen lining the railings along the river banks and rarely eagle owl have been seen and the occasional osprey has been spotted fishing in the river from the Ness Islands. European otter are sometimes spotted. The banks of the river are lined with lime trees.[10]

Near the Ness Islands on the west bank is Bught Park which has facilities for sports and leisure. Here can be found Inverness Sports Centre and Aquadome, the ice rink and Inverness Botanic Gardens formerly known as the Floral Hall and Gardens containing tropical and desert glasshouses and a water cascade.[11] Further upstream from Bught Park is Whin Park which has a boating pond.

In Cavell Gardens near the Infirmary Bridge is Inverness war memorial which commemorates the fallen of the two world wars. The memorial is made of red sandstone and is designed in the form of a Celtic cross.[12]

Flood Alleviation[edit]

A major flood alleviation scheme is currently under construction in the city centre side of the river. The £8.5 million contract for this phase is being undertaken by Morgan Sindall.[13]

St Andrews Cathedral on the River Ness, Inverness

The Port of Inverness[edit]

The Port of Inverness is situated at the mouth of the River Ness where there is also a recently constructed marina offering mooring for private yachts and other vessels.

Miscellanea[edit]

The first claimed sighting of the Loch Ness Monster was in the River Ness in AD 565, when Saint Columba is said to have banished a "water monster" back into the river after it tried to attack one of his disciples who was swimming across the river.[14]

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 57°29′N 4°14′W / 57.483°N 4.233°W / 57.483; -4.233

References[edit]