River Plate Adventist University
|River Plate Adventist University|
|Universidad Adventista del Plata|
|Religious affiliation||Seventh-day Adventist Church|
|Location||Libertador San Martin, Entre Rios, Argentina|
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The University began as a small rural training school. It later became Colegio Adventista del Plata. After receiving the CONEAU  accreditation in the 1990s and the signing of the decree of President Eduardo Duhalde in 2002, it became the Universidad Adventista del Plata. In 1994, its medical school was founded.
River Plate Adventist University is part of the educational system of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, part of thousands of academic institutions around the world. Academic activities take place on a campus covering 18 hectares. It operates from March to December.
The building structure ensures the quality of a personalised education, with laboratories, classrooms, multimedia service and conference rooms that are used both during class and in the summer and postgraduate courses. The University has a large library that includes more than 60,000 volumes, plus direct access to the Internet, periodicals and an exchange system with significant national and foreign universities. In the same building is the Centre for Educational Technology for Self-learning, equipped for research work and information, plus an auditorium that can seat 200 guests and the Ellen White Research Center.
The educational task is reinforced with an infrastructure designed to assist in the educational process, which also provides for the physical development of students. The sports complex includes a tennis court, beach volleyball, a swimming pool and an indoor gymnasium in which organised recreational activities are carried out. The institution also has an FM transmitter, a television centre and recording studios, which enrich the activities of the Communication Department.
Enrolment for the year 2009 totalled 2530 students. Since the Argentine economic crisis (1999–2002) the number of foreign students has increased dramatically due to the devaluation of the Argentine peso, making UAP one of the most culturally diverse universities in South America.
The first Seventh-day Adventist institution in South America was the Rio de La Plata Academy, in the province of Entre Rios ("between the rivers"), thirteen miles from the city of Diamante, on the Paraná River.
In 1898 a group of Adventists were living in the area of Crespo Campo with the missionary Francisco Westphal. They were having a meeting to discuss the scope of the Adventist work in Argentina. The harvest had been reduced in the last few years due to the locust and they were not considering founding a school. This changed on September 26, just before the meetings were to end a young Uruguayan, Luis Ernst, arrived to study at the "Adventist School", an institution that did not yet exist. By the time the meetings were to end the group had decided to found a school. Ernst helped Westphal with his missionary work until the first building had been erected. Classes in grammar and theology were the first ones to be offered.
The school started out in Las Tunas (Santa Fe) where there was an established Adventist community, until buildings could be constructed in Entre Ríos. In Las Tunas the first teacher was Nelson Town and over time the school was moved to land donated by the Lust family.
The Fourth Quarter Thirteenth Sabbath Offering of 1912
J. W. Westphal, brother to Francisco Westphal and president of the South American Union Conference, wrote to the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists: " ... Brother Spicer, you have just visited us, and are acquainted with the situation in our Argentine school. You know what buildings we have, their condition, and the great needs. We are limping along as best we can; yet we cannot offer to our students and to the teachers in the matter of room what they ought to have. In the large schoolroom [the chapel] three classes have to recite at the same time, because the class-rooms above are used as living-rooms for the students. One teacher has his class-room in the vestibule [by the stairway] and the others have to help themselves as best they can; and the whole equipment is far from desirable." (p. 5) 
In response to Westphal's letter, the General Conference included the River Plate school in the fledgling Thirteenth Sabbath Offering plan. This Offering plan began in 1912. In the first quarter of 1912, the first Thirteenth Sabbath Offering helped establish the mission work of G. W. Pettit and J. M. Comer in India. In the second quarter the offering helped build a school in eastern Africa; now the Adventist University of Eastern Africa in Kenya."  The fourth quarter of 1912 focused on Colegio Adventists del Plata in Argentina and the Pua Training-school in Chile.
The Thirteenth Sabbath Offering has helped the River Plate school on at least one other occasion. In the third quarter of 1961, the Thirteenth Sabbath Offering focused on a new Boys' Dormitory for River Plate College. 
River Plate Hospital
The close proximity of River Plate Hospital to the College has benefited the development of the Adventist church in South America. Graduates from the Hospital's nursing program have served all of South America.
Early Adventists referred to their health activities as Medical Missionary Work. This work began in South America when Ole Oppegard, a nurse trained in Battle Creek Sanatorium, arrived in Argentina as a self-supporting missionary and began preaching the health message with the gospel in 1895.
Dr. Robert Habenicht, the first Adventist doctor to serve in South America, arrived in 1901. He began seeing patients in the vicinity of the River Plate school. A great share of his time was spent travelling in the horse-drawn carts of the Russian immigrant farmers whose homes were far out in the country in the province of Entre Rios.
Soon the patients began arriving at his house in search of competent medical help. Many times Dr. Habenicht had to perform operations on his kitchen table in order to save the life of a patient. After the surgery, he would put them in the beds of his own children, who then had to sleep on the floor.
Dr. Habenicht founded the River Plate Hospital in 1908, with accommodations for six inpatients. This was the beginning of the first Adventist medical institution in South America.
Over the years, the hospital's fame increased greatly, in part as a result of the efficiency and dedication of missionary doctors Habenicht, Westphal, and Hammerly. Patients then came from far and near, giving foot to the enlarging of the facilities and the addition of young doctors, graduated from universities in South America, and nurses, graduated from River Plate's school of nursing.
- N. Z. Town,
- Arthur Fulton,
- Dr. R. H. Habenicht,
- Walton C. John, 1909 
- Dr. H. U. Stevens,
- Jess S. Marshall,
- J. M. Howell,
- J. T. Thompson,
- Ellis R. Maas,
- Dr. Thomas W. Steen,
- Fernando Chaij.
- (Up to 1949) 
From college to university
On December 7, 1990, the Colegio Adventista del Plata transformed into the Universidad Adventista del Plata (UAP), being officially recognised by the National Ministry of Culture and Education (Ministerio de Cultura y Educación de la Nación) via Resolution Nº 2241/90. The UAP is the oldest Adventist educational institution in South America. It has more than 2500 students and offers more than 30 degree programs including theology, social work, psychology, and medicine. The UAP is also a member of Adventist Colleges Abroad and offers a one-year intensive Spanish-speaking program with a diploma of "Spanish as a Second Language" while also providing a variety of cultural tours throughout South America for its program participants.
The university is composed of the following schools:
- School of Health Sciences (Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud) 
- School of Business Administration (Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de la Administración) 
- School of Education (Facultad de Humanidades, Educación y Ciencias Sociales)
- School of Theology (Facultad de Teología) 
- Theology Graduate Studies
The university has the largest and most modern library in the province.
- Adventist Yearbook. General Conference Office of Statistics & Archives. Retrieved 2009-08-25
- Some of the text provided here is a translation of the Spanish article Universidad Adventista del Plata.
- The National Commission for Assessment and Accreditation (CONEAU) is an Argentine government agency under the Ministry of University Policies of Ministry of Education, responsible for the assessment of public and private universities and accreditation of their undergraduate and graduate and their corresponding titles. Began operating in 1996 after its creation in 1995 as part of the Higher Education Act 24,521 (LES) driven during the government of Carlos Menem in response to World Bank requirements, integrating the Postgraduate Accreditation Commission created a year earlier.
- Oliver, Ansel. South American Adventist Universities Receive Accreditation. Adventist News Network. May 7, 2002. Accessed April 2, 2011
- Statistical Report of Seventh-day Adventist Conferences, Missions, and Institutions Throughout the World for the Year Ending December 31, 2009, p. 56 (Online p. 40)
- Review and Herald, June 16, 1910, p. 48
- Missions Quarterly for 1912 - Vol. 04 - No. 04
- Through the Thirteen Sabbath Offering, Seventh-day Adventists have helped fund mission projects. Over the past 100 years more than 1,200 Thirteenth Sabbath projects have been funded. Many of these projects have established new work or ensured that established work could continue.... The 13th Sabbath Offering Demystified! Accessed April 1, 2011
- World Mission Report for 1961. Vol. 50. No. 3
- Tabuenca, Pedro. Argentina Medical Work Mushrooms. Mission readomg for Sabbath, January 27. World Mission Report for 1979. Vol. 68. No. 01. p. 6.
- Brown, Walton J. Campus Gleanings. River Plate College. The Youth's Instructor, June 7, 1949, p. 12