River-class minesweeper

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For other naval ship classes of the same name, see River class (disambiguation).
HMS Orwell in the Bay of Biscay en route to Gibraltar, 1990
Orwell in the Bay of Biscay en route to Gibraltar, 1990
Class overview
Name: River-class
Builders: Richards Dry Dock and Engineering Limited
Operators:  Royal Navy
 Brazilian Navy
 Bangladesh Navy
 Guyana Defence Force Coast Guard
Cost: £4.6 million each
In commission: 1984–2001
Completed: 12
General characteristics
Displacement: 850 long tons (864 t) standard
890 long tons (904 t) full
Length: 47 m (154 ft 2 in)
Beam: 10.5 m (34 ft 5 in)
Draught: 3.1 m (10 ft 2 in)
Propulsion: 2 shafts, Ruston 6RKC diesels, 3,040 bhp (2,267 kW)
Speed: 14 knots (16 mph; 26 km/h)
Complement: 5 officers and 23 ratings
(accommodation for 36: 7 officers and 29 ratings)
Armament: • 1 × Bofors 40 mm gun Mark 3
• 2 × 7.62 mm L7 GPMGs

The River class was a class of minesweeper built for the British Royal Navy in the 1980s, designated Fleet Minesweepers (MSF).

Design[edit]

The Rivers were built with a traditional steel hull to a design based on a commercial offshore support vessel. The class was designed to be operated as deep sea team sweepers, to combat the threat posed to submarines by Soviet deep-water buoyant moored mines codenamed "Cluster Bay".

The River Class MSF was equipped with the Wire Sweep Mark 9 (WS 9) which was capable of performing Extra Deep Armed Team Sweeping (EDATS). Operating in pairs (or a number of pairs in formation), they towed a sweep between the two ships that followed the profile of the bottom and cut the mooring wires of the mines; these released mines would then be destroyed on the surface with gunfire. The WS 9 was able to be used for mechanical sweeping in this manner or influence sweeping whereby a transducer was towed through the water generating noise, both acoustic and electro-magnetic, that simulated a larger high value unit. The Rivers were also armed with a single 40 mm Bofors gun on the manually operated World War II-era Mark III mounting, and two L7 GPMGs.

The concept was refined in the chartered trawlers HMS St David and HMS Venturer, and a total of twelve vessels, all named after British rivers, were constructed by Richards Shipbuilders at Lowestoft and Great Yarmouth at an approximate unit cost of £4.6 million. The class was designed to operate in deep water and ocean environments, if necessary for long periods of time without support. The complement was 5 officers, 7 Senior Ratings, and 16 Junior Ratings, although additional accommodation meant that a total crew of 36 could be borne for training purposes.

Service history[edit]

Upon entering service they joined the 10th Mine Countermeasures Squadron based at Rosyth and eleven were assigned to various Royal Naval Reserve (RNR) divisions around the United Kingdom. The twelfth, Blackwater, entered service with the regular Royal Navy. Following defence cuts, Helmsdale and Ribble were paid off in 1991 and were laid up at Portsmouth. Further cuts followed when the future of the RNR was reviewed in 1993 and as a result the entire class was withdrawn from RNR service.

Blackwater, Spey, Arun and Itchen were subsequently assigned to the Northern Ireland Squadron where they replaced Ton-class vessels patrolling the province's waterways and participating in counter-terrorist operations in support of the British Army and the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC). Orwell replaced Wilton, the last Ton-class vessel in service, as the Dartmouth Training Ship in 1994. Ultimately, the entire class was sold to overseas navies.

Ships[edit]

Ship Commissioned RN / RNR Use Fate
Waveney (M2003) 12 July 1984 South Wales Division RNR - HMS Cambria Sold to Bangladesh
BNS Shapla (M95)
Carron (M2004) 30 September 1984 Severn Division RNR - HMS Flying Fox Sold to Bangladesh
BNS Shaikat (M96)
Dovey (M2005) 30 March 1985 Clyde Division RNR - HMS Graham Sold to Bangladesh
BNS Surovi (M97)
Helford (M2006) 7 June 1985 Northern Ireland Division - HMS Caroline Sold to Bangladesh
BNS Shaibal (M98)
Humber (M2007) 7 June 1985 London Division RNR - HMS President
Mersey Division RNR - HMS Eaglet
Sold to Brazil
Amorim Do Valle (H35) buoy tender
Blackwater (M2008) 5 July 1985 RN Fishery Protection Squadron Sold to Brazil
Benevente (P61) Small patrol corvette
Itchen (M2009) 12 October 1985 Wessex Division RNR - HMS Wessex
NI Squadron
Sold to Brazil
Bracui (P60) Small patrol corvette
Helmsdale (M2010) 1 March 1986 Tay Division RNR - HMS Camperdown Sold to Brazil
Taurus (H36) Coastal survey ship
Orwell (M2011) 7 February 1985 Newcastle Division RNR - HMS Calliope
Dartmouth Training Squadron
Sold to Guyana
Ribble (M2012) 19 February 1986 Mersey Division RNR - HMS Eaglet Sold to Brazil
Garnier Sampaio (H37) Buoy tender
Spey (M2013) 4 April 1986 Forth Division RNR - HMS Claverhouse
NI Squadron
Sold to Brazil
Bocaina (P62) Small patrol corvette
Arun (M2014) 29 April 1986 Sussex Division RNR - HMS Sussex
NI Squadron
Sold to Brazil
Babetonga (P63) Small patrol corvette

See also[edit]

Media related to River class minesweeper at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]