Rivera

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This article is about Uruguayan city. For other uses, see Rivera (disambiguation).
Rivera
Capital city
View of Rivera from Cerro Marconi
View of Rivera from Cerro Marconi
Rivera is located in Uruguay
Rivera
Rivera
Location in Uruguay
Coordinates: 30°54′9″S 55°33′2″W / 30.90250°S 55.55056°W / -30.90250; -55.55056Coordinates: 30°54′9″S 55°33′2″W / 30.90250°S 55.55056°W / -30.90250; -55.55056
Country  Uruguay
Department Rivera Department
Population (2011)
 • Total 64,465
 • Demonym Riverense
Time zone UTC -3
Postal code 40000
Dial plan +598 462 (+5 digits)
Obelisk of the Plaza Internacional, at the "Frontera de la Paz", between the cities of Rivera and Santana do Livramento of Brazil.

Rivera is the capital of Rivera Department of Uruguay. The border with Brazil joins it with the Brazilian city of Santana do Livramento, which is only a street away from it. Together, they form an urban area of around 200,000 inhabitants. As of the census of 2011, it is the sixth most populated city of Uruguay.

Location[edit]

The city is located on the border with Brazil at the north end of Route 5.

History[edit]

On 21 March 1860 a pueblo (village) named Pereira was created by the Act of Ley Nº 614.

On 7 May 1862, it was substituted by the villa (town) named Ceballos and founded by the Act of Ley Nº 704,[1] in honour of the Spanish viceroy Pedro de Cevallos. In July 1867 it took on the official name Rivera and was recognized as a villa. The Brazilian town Santana do Livramento already existed just across the border. On 1 October 1884, it became capital of the Department of Rivera by the Act of Ley Nº 1.757. Its status was elevated to ciudad (city) on 10 June 1912 by the Act of Ley Nº 4.006.[1]

In 1943, the Plaza Internacional Rivera-Livramento (see photo) was built to celebrate the Fifth Conference of the Commission Mixta for Mixed Limits and as a hope for the future integration of the two towns, claimed to be the only international square in the world. From 1851 to this day, inhabitants of both communities are free to move in both sides. Customs and checkpoints are located outside the cities.[2] Today, duty-free shops are one of the main economic resources of Rivera.[3]

Population[edit]

In 2011, Rivera had a population of 64,465[4]

Year Population
1867 341
1889 1,000
1908 8,986
1963 41,266
1975 48,780
1985 57,314
1996 62,859
2004 64,426
2011 64,465

Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística de Uruguay[1]

Places of worship[edit]

Consular representation[edit]

Brazil keeps a Consulate in Rivera, located at 1159 Calle Ceballos.

Notable local people[edit]

Principal street of Rivera

Transportation[edit]

There are regular bus services to Montevideo. A rail service to Tacuarembó has been run intermittently. There is an airport which receives light aircraft and an irregular service by a Brazilian airline to Porto Alegre.

Rivera is served by Pres. Gral. Óscar D. Gestido International Airport.

Municipal stadium Atilio Paiva Olivera

Sports[edit]

The Estadio Atilio Paiva Olivera holds 28,000 people and was used in the 1995 Copa América.

Thee Skatepark of Rivera is on Presidente Viera Street

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Rivera, Uruguay
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 41.4
(106.5)
38.9
(102)
37.0
(98.6)
32.9
(91.2)
30.8
(87.4)
30.2
(86.4)
29.6
(85.3)
32.0
(89.6)
33.7
(92.7)
35.1
(95.2)
41.5
(106.7)
40.0
(104)
41.5
(106.7)
Average high °C (°F) 30.1
(86.2)
29.2
(84.6)
27.1
(80.8)
23.4
(74.1)
20.4
(68.7)
16.9
(62.4)
17.1
(62.8)
18.5
(65.3)
20.3
(68.5)
23.5
(74.3)
26.0
(78.8)
28.8
(83.8)
23.4
(74.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.1
(75.4)
23.5
(74.3)
21.6
(70.9)
18.1
(64.6)
15.3
(59.5)
12.3
(54.1)
12.3
(54.1)
13.4
(56.1)
15.0
(59)
17.9
(64.2)
20.5
(68.9)
22.8
(73)
18.1
(64.6)
Average low °C (°F) 18.0
(64.4)
17.9
(64.2)
16.4
(61.5)
13.0
(55.4)
10.1
(50.2)
7.5
(45.5)
7.6
(45.7)
8.4
(47.1)
9.7
(49.5)
12.3
(54.1)
14.4
(57.9)
16.8
(62.2)
12.7
(54.9)
Record low °C (°F) 8.0
(46.4)
7.0
(44.6)
5.0
(41)
0.0
(32)
0.0
(32)
−5.0
(23)
−2.4
(27.7)
−3.2
(26.2)
−1.4
(29.5)
0.4
(32.7)
3.8
(38.8)
7.0
(44.6)
−5.0
(23)
Precipitation mm (inches) 149
(5.87)
155
(6.1)
147
(5.79)
135
(5.31)
117
(4.61)
102
(4.02)
132
(5.2)
118
(4.65)
152
(5.98)
163
(6.42)
141
(5.55)
128
(5.04)
1,639
(64.53)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 8 7 8 7 7 8 9 8 8 8 7 6 91
 % humidity 69 71 75 78 79 80 80 77 75 73 71 68 75
Mean monthly sunshine hours 264.3 207.2 228.4 176.0 169.4 140.0 156.8 164.3 177.8 229.4 242.9 276.6 2,433.1
Source: Dirección Nacional de Meteorología [5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Statistics of urban localities (1867–2004) (see also "Ceballos" & "Pereira")" (PDF). INE. 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012. 
  2. ^ "Parque Internacional". Intendencia Departamental de Rivera. 2011. Retrieved 26 February 2012. 
  3. ^ "La frontera dorada". El Observador. 26 June 2011. Retrieved 26 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "Censos 2011 Cuadros Rivera". INE. 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "Estadísticas climatológicas" (in Spanish). Dirección Nacional de Meteorología. Retrieved 10 October 2012. 

External links[edit]