Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Learning Technology
|Industry||CD-ROM software internet|
|Headquarters||Boston, MA and Dublin, USA, Ireland|
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Learning Technology originally started as Riverdeep Interactive Learning, is a publishing house for educational online and CD-ROM products based in San Francisco and Dublin, Ireland. Founded in 1995, Riverdeep was principally the creation of the Irish ex-investment banker Barry O'Callaghan. O'Callaghan was Riverdeep's CEO and controlling shareholder.
In October 2002, Riverdeep became a private entity when their stock price plummeted below $2 in NASDAQ.
Hamtaro PC Game 
Riverdeep also helped on a game called Hamtaro: Wake Up Snoozer!
Houghton Mifflin 
On December 22, 2006, it was announced that Riverdeep PLC had completed its acquisition of Houghton Mifflin. The new joint enterprise would be called the Houghton Mifflin Riverdeep Group. Riverdeep paid 1.75 billion in cash and assumed $1.61 billion in debt from the private investment firms Thomas H. Lee Partners, Bain Capital Partners and The Blackstone Group. Tony Lucki, a former non-executive director of Riverdeep, would remain in his position as Houghton Mifflin's chief executive officer. HM Rivergroup indicated it wanted to capitalize on the "convergence of print and digital education platforms."
Reed Elsevier 
In July 2007, Reed Elsevier (an information and publishing group) offloaded Harcourt US Schools Education business to Houghton Mifflin, Inc. for $4.0 billion, with $3.7 billion payable in cash and $0.3 billion payable in common stock of Houghton Mifflin, Inc.
Houghton Mifflin was privately held. Existing investors put up $23 million of equity financing to help to meet the $3.7 billion cash requirement for the purchase. Reed took a $300 million stake in Houghton Mifflin, Inc., which left it with 11.8 per cent of the common stock in the enlarged company.[dead link]
- Master of the textbook takeover
- RTÉ Business: Riverdeep to de-list from Nasdaq
- Irish company completes Houghton Mifflin acquisition - Boston.com
- Reed Elsevier - Reed Elsevier announces sale of Harcourt US Schools Education Business to Houghton Mifflin Riverdeep Group for $4.0 billion
- Houghton Mifflin to buy Harcourt - Boston.com[dead link]