The region hosted an internment camp for people of Japanese,German and Italian origin or descent during World War II. This camp was based at Loveday and little remains to testify to its existence. The region grows about half of South Australia's grapes, and 90% of the citrus and stone fruit. Most major Australian wine companies source a significant amount of bulk wine from the Riverland. The Agriculture industry is the largest employer in the area.
Riverlanders share an interest in the health of the River Murray. The majority of the River Murray and surrounds in the Riverland area is a declared reserve. The predominant natural environment consists of River Red Gum and Black Box forests that line the river banks and flood plains, as well as steep cliffs. The Riverland is abundant in wildlife, the more common species encountered being Pelicans, Kookaburras, Brush Tail Possums and Perons Tree Frogs. Less common species include Koalas (introduced to Renmark), Bush Stone Curlews and Carpet Pythons (rated 'vulnerable' to extinction in the region).