Riverside Township, New Jersey

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Riverside Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Riverside
Riverside Station on the River Line
Riverside Station on the River Line
Riverside Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Riverside Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Riverside Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Riverside Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°02′08″N 74°57′21″W / 40.035677°N 74.955801°W / 40.035677; -74.955801Coordinates: 40°02′08″N 74°57′21″W / 40.035677°N 74.955801°W / 40.035677; -74.955801[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Burlington
Incorporated February 20, 1895
Government[6]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor George Conrad, Sr. (term ends December 31, 2014)[3]
 • Administrator Meghan Jack[4]
 • Clerk Susan Dydek[5]
Area[2]
 • Total 1.614 sq mi (4.180 km2)
 • Land 1.489 sq mi (3.856 km2)
 • Water 0.125 sq mi (0.323 km2)  7.73%
Area rank 439th of 566 in state
34th of 40 in county[2]
Elevation [7] 20 ft (6 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 8,079
 • Estimate (2013)[11] 8,053
 • Rank 285th of 566 in state
20th of 40 in county[12]
 • Density 5,425.9/sq mi (2,095.0/km2)
 • Density rank 100th of 566 in state
1st of 40 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08075[13][14]
Area code(s) 856 exchanges: 461, 764, 824[15]
FIPS code 3400563510[16][2][17]
GNIS feature ID 0882098[18][2]
Website www.riversidetwp.org

Riverside Township is a township in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 8,079,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 168 (+2.1%) from the 7,911 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 63 (-0.8%) from the 7,974 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

Riverside was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 20, 1895, from portions of Delran Township.[20]

Geography[edit]

Riverside Township is located at 40°02′08″N 74°57′21″W / 40.035677°N 74.955801°W / 40.035677; -74.955801 (40.035677,-74.955801). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 1.614 square miles (4.180 km2), of which, 1.489 square miles (3.856 km2) of it was land and 0.125 square miles (0.323 km2) of it (7.73%) was water.[1][2]

The township borders Delanco Township and Delran Township.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 2,581
1910 4,011 55.4%
1920 6,018 50.0%
1930 7,061 17.3%
1940 7,072 0.2%
1950 7,199 1.8%
1960 8,474 17.7%
1970 8,591 1.4%
1980 7,941 −7.6%
1990 7,974 0.4%
2000 7,911 −0.8%
2010 8,079 2.1%
Est. 2013 8,053 [11] −0.3%
Population sources:
1900-2000[21] 1900-1920[22]
1900-1910[23] 1910-1930[24]
1930-1990[25] 2000[26][27] 2010[8][9][10]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,079 people, 2,959 households, and 2,027 families residing in the township. The population density was 5,425.9 per square mile (2,095.0 /km2). There were 3,147 housing units at an average density of 2,113.5 per square mile (816.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 80.21% (6,480) White, 6.39% (516) Black or African American, 0.26% (21) Native American, 0.95% (77) Asian, 0.05% (4) Pacific Islander, 7.04% (569) from other races, and 5.10% (412) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 11.34% (916) of the population.[8]

There were 2,959 households, of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.22.[8]

In the township, 23.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.3 years. For every 100 females there were 101.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.6 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $56,377 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,391) and the median family income was $65,825 (+/- $9,709). Males had a median income of $46,962 (+/- $4,387) versus $32,413 (+/- $6,739) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $24,243 (+/- $2,264). About 3.9% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.[28]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 7,911 people, 2,978 households, and 1,992 families residing in the township. The population density was 5,197.2 people per square mile (2,009.5/km²). There were 3,118 housing units at an average density of 2,048.4 per square mile (792.0/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 90.22% White, 4.44% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 2.28% from other races, and 2.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.11% of the population.[26][27]

There were 2,978 households out of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.21.[26][27]

In the township the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 33.4% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.2 males.[26][27]

The median income for a household in the township was $43,358, and the median income for a family was $52,479. Males had a median income of $36,556 versus $25,510 for females. The per capita income for the township was $18,758. About 6.7% of families and 8.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.[26][27]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Riverside Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[6] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2014, members of the Riverside Township Committee are Mayor George F. Conard, Sr. (D, term on committee ends December 31, 2014), Deputy Mayor Lorraine M. Hatcher (D, 2015), Timothy M. LeConey (D, 2015), Robert R. Prisco (R, 2016) and Robert VanMeter (D, 2014).[4][29][30][31]

On Election Day, November 7, 2006, Mayor Chuck Hilton and fellow Republican James Ott were running for reelection to the Township Council, but were defeated by their Democratic opponents, newcomers Lorraine Hatcher and Thomas Polino. The anti-immigration ordinance passed by the Township Committee that imposed fines on any business that hires or any landlord who rents to an illegal immigrant was a major issue in the campaign.[32]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Riverside is located in the 3rd Congressional District[33] and is part of New Jersey's 7th state legislative district.[9][34][35]

New Jersey's 3rd Congressional District is represented by Jon Runyan (R, Mount Laurel Township).[36] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[37][38] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[39][40]

The 7th district of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Diane Allen (R, Edgewater Park Township) and in the General Assembly by Herb Conaway (D, Delanco Township) and Troy Singleton (D, Palmyra).[41] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[42] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[43]

Burlington County is governed by a Board of chosen freeholders, whose five members are elected at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year.[44] The board chooses a director and deputy director from among its members at an annual reorganization meeting held in January.[44] As of 2014, Burlington County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Bruce Garganio (R, 2014; Florence Township),[45] Deputy Director Joseph Howarth (R, 2014; Evesham Township)[46] Aimee Belgard (D, 2015; Edgewater Park Township),[47] Joseph B. Donnelly (R, 2016; Cinnaminson Township)[48] and Joanne Schwartz (D, 2015; Southampton Township).[49][44][50] Gargiano was named in March 2014 to serve the unexpired term of Leah Arter and was chosen to fill her position as Freeholder Director.[51]

Education[edit]

The Riverside School District serves public school students in pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's three schools had an enrollment of 1,370 students and 115.1 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.90:1.[52] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[53]) are Riverside Township Elementary School[54] for grades PreK-5 (675 students), Riverside Township Middle School[55] for grades 6-8 (262 students) and Riverside Township High School[56] for grades 9-12 (433 students).[57]

Students from Delanco Township attend Riverside High School as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Delanco Township School District.[58][59][60]

Students from Riverside Township, and from all of Burlington County, are eligible to attend the Burlington County Institute of Technology, a countywide public school district that serves the vocational and technical education needs of students at the high school and post-secondary level at its campuses in Medford and Westampton Township.[61]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

The township had a total of 27.39 miles (44.08 km) of roadways, of which 24.14 miles (38.85 km) are maintained by the municipality and 3.25 miles (5.23 km) by Burlington County.[62]

Public transportation[edit]

The Riverside station, located on Zubrugg Way (formerly Franklin Street),[63] provides service on the River Line light rail system, offering southbound service to Camden and the Walter Rand Transportation Center with connections to PATCO Speedline trains to Philadelphia and the Camden County suburbs and northbound service to the Trenton Rail Station with connections to New Jersey Transit trains to New York City, SEPTA trains to Philadelphia and Amtrak trains.[64]

New Jersey Transit provides bus service in the borough on the 419 route that runs between Camden and Burlington.[65][66]

In film[edit]

Riverside was used for the filming of the film Jesus' Son and was the site of picketing by nuns who objected to the implication from the film's title that Jesus fathered a child.[67][68]

Immigration debate[edit]

In July 2006, a controversial ordinance was passed by the township committee trying to handle the large amount of unauthorized immigrants, primarily from Brazil, that had moved into the township. The ordinance stated that employers who hired an illegal immigrant and landlords who rented to them would be fined $1,000 - $2,000 per incident and could possibly lose their business license. In response to the ordinance, several civil groups including the ACLU and People for the American Way took or contemplated legal actions against the ordinance.[69][70]

In August 2007, the ordinance was repealed, and some have speculated that the exodus of over 1,000 immigrants from Riverside to other New Jersey townships was a major factor.[71] The ordinance repealing the law cited the high cost of defending it against further legal challenges.[72]

Notable people[edit]

Many people born in Riverside Township were born at Zurbrugg Hospital during a period of about 75 years beginning in 1915.[73] People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Riverside Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Government, Township of Riverside. Accessed July 29, 2014.
  5. ^ Departments, Riverside Township. Accessed July 29, 2014.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 38.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Riverside, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 11, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Riverside township, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 4. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Riverside township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 9, 2013.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Riverside, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed November 30, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Riverside, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed November 30, 2013.
  16. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  18. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  19. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  20. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 98. Accessed March 23, 2012.
  21. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Burlington County Municipalities, 1800 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  22. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed August 9, 2013.
  23. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 335. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  24. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 714. Accessed January 23, 2012.
  25. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of January 23, 2012.
  26. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Riverside township, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  27. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Riverside township, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  28. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Riverside township, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 30, 2012.
  29. ^ November 5, 2013 Summary Report Burlington County Amended Official Results, Burlington County, New Jersey, as of December 18, 2013. Accessed July 29, 2014.
  30. ^ November 6, 2012 Summary Report Burlington County Amended Official Results, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed November 30, 2013.
  31. ^ November 8, 2011 Summary Report Burlington County Official Results, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed November 30, 2013.
  32. ^ Latinos praise election results in Riverside, Courier-Post, November 15, 2006.
  33. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  34. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 63, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  35. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  36. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  37. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  38. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  39. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  40. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
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  42. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  43. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
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  45. ^ Bruce Garganio, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  46. ^ Joseph Howarth, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  47. ^ Aimee Belgard, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  48. ^ Joseph B. Donnelly, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  49. ^ Joanne Schwartz, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  50. ^ 2014 County Data Sheet, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  51. ^ Hefler, Jan. "Garganio again to head Burlco Freeholder Board", The Philadelphia Inquirer, March 29, 2014. Accessed July 27, 2014. "The new director of the Burlington County Freeholder Board is Bruce Garganio, a Republican who led the five-member board for three years before he was defeated in his bid for reelection in November 2011.... Two weeks ago, the county Republican Committee tapped Garganio to fill the one-year vacancy that was created after Leah Arter resigned as freeholder director."
  52. ^ District information for Riverside Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 29, 2014.
  53. ^ School Data for the Riverside School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 29, 2014.
  54. ^ Riverside Township Elementary School, Riverside School District. Accessed August 9, 2013.
  55. ^ Riverside Township Middle School, Riverside School District. Accessed August 9, 2013.
  56. ^ Riverside Township High School, Riverside School District. Accessed August 9, 2013.
  57. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Riverside School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 9, 2013.
  58. ^ Coppock, Kristen. "Delanco schools look to eliminate staff", Burlington County Times, March 24, 2010. Accessed July 18, 2013. "Students in grades nine to 12 attend Riverside High School under a sending agreement."
  59. ^ High School Sending Districts, Burlington County Library System, backed up by the Internet Archive as of September 27, 2006. Accessed November 30, 2013.
  60. ^ Riverside High School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed July 29, 2014. "Service projects are continually offered and reflect the needs of the Riverside/Delanco community as well as a national and global perspective."
  61. ^ Why Choose BCIT?, Burlington County Institute of Technology. Accessed November 30, 2013.
  62. ^ Burlington County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 30, 2013.
  63. ^ Riverside station, New Jersey Transit. Accessed November 30, 2013.
  64. ^ River LINE System Map, New Jersey Transit. Accessed November 30, 2013.
  65. ^ Burlington County Bus/Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of January 28, 2010. Accessed November 30, 2013.
  66. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed November 30, 2013.
  67. ^ Jesus' Son (1999) - Filming locations
  68. ^ Warner, David. You Can Go Home Again; Two Philly theater vets open PFWC 2000 with a buzzworthy first film.", Philadelphia City Paper, April 27-May 4, 2000. Accessed August 9, 2013. "Despite the cold, the January–March filming proceeded without incident — except for the picketing. In Riverside, NJ, where some shooting took place, a group of nuns protested because, contrary to the title, Jesus didn’t have a son."
  69. ^ "Riverside OKs illegal aliens measure", Courier-Post, July 27, 2006.
  70. ^ "Riverside threatened with suit", Courier-Post, September 21, 2006.
  71. ^ Panaritis, Maria and Wood, Sam. "Riverside to repeal immigrant laws: After an exodus of Brazilian residents, officials plan to end penalties sought for hiring and housing those here illegally.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, August 23, 2007. Accessed August 23, 2007.
  72. ^ Hurdle, Jon. "New Jersey town scraps law on illegal immigration", Reuters, September 18, 2007. Accessed August 9, 2013. "Riverside Township's decision to scrap the law, agreed late on Monday, represents the first time that a municipality planning such a measure has backed down in the face of a lawsuit, said Omar Jadwat, an attorney with the ACLU's Immigrants' Rights Project.... In Riverside, about 10 miles northeast of Philadelphia, an ordinance rescinding the law cited high legal costs and the defeat of the Hazleton law for its decision to repeal."
  73. ^ History, Zurbrugg Memorial Hospital. Accessed January 18, 2014.
  74. ^ Staff. "JIM BAILEY BANKS ON FABULOUS FAKES", Philadelphia Daily News, May 13, 1983. Accessed November 26, 2013. "They moved to New Jersey when Jim was 10, and lived in Palmyra, Riverside and Willingboro before locating in Vincentown, where he visited them this week before his shore date."
  75. ^ Deron Cherry, Database Football. Accessed January 24, 2008.
  76. ^ Lesley Choyce - Biography, Waterfront Views. Accessed November 30, 2013. "Prolific author Lesley Choyce was born in Riverside, New Jersey in 1951."
  77. ^ Bodnar, Jason. "Former football player ready to tackle a career in acting", Burlington County Times, October 17, 2005. Accessed November 30, 2013. "Now 1993 Delran High School graduate Bill Duff is trying his hand at a new entertainment career: acting. Duff, who now lives in Riverside, plays a 'Freezer Nasty' monster in "Nightmares X-treme Scream Park," an interactive show playing through Oct. 31 at the Wachovia Spectrum."
  78. ^ Winkler, Renee. "WWII vet a witness to the unspeakable", Courier-Post, May 5, 2008. Accessed February 26, 2011. "South Jersey recipients of the Medal of Honor were John W. Dutko of Riverside, Francis X. McGraw of Camden and Benjamin George Jr. of Carneys Point, all privates ."
  79. ^ Staff. "Music to create images HD:South Jersey native Michael Giacchino has written his first symphony, a tribute to Camden's rebirth that will be premiered during May's `Millennium Concert of Hope'", Courier-Post, March 26, 2000. Accessed February 26, 2011. "'I like to tell a story with music' says the 32-year-old composer who was born in Riverside and grew up in Edgewater Park."
  80. ^ Derek Holloway profile, database Football. Accessed August 6, 2007.
  81. ^ Sheneman, Drew. "Chatting with DC Comics cover artist Adam Hughes", The Star-Ledger, October 7, 2010. Accessed February 26, 2011. "Born in the small town of Riverside, Adam Hughes spent his childhood drawing and reading comics. Then one day, while driving with his parents, he was doused with a dose of military-grade chemical waste during a fender bender."
  82. ^ George Lehmann, Basketball-Reference.com. Accessed November 30, 2013.
  83. ^ Silary, Ted. "It's In The Genes Like His Father, Dragons' Lehmann Is Able To Score From Long Range", The Philadelphia Inquirer, November 21, 1989. Accessed December 2, 2013.
  84. ^ Hall of Valor: Pierre Leon, Military Times. Accessed March 23, 2012.
  85. ^ Arthur Raymond Randolph, Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, Federal Judicial Center. Accessed February 26, 2011.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Delanco Township
Bordering communities
of Philadelphia
Succeeded by
Delran Township