Riverview Hospital (Coquitlam)
|BC Mental Health & Addiction Services|
East Lawn Building
|Location||Coquitlam, B.C., Canada|
|Care system||Medicare (Canada)|
|Founded||1 April 1913|
|Lists||Hospitals in Canada|
In 1872, Royal Hospital in Victoria was converted to British Columbia's first facility to house mentally ill patients. Due to overcrowding, Royal Hospital was closed and the patients moved to the new Provincial Asylum for the Insane in 1878. Again facing problems of overcrowding at the turn of the century, in 1904 the provincial government purchased 1,000 acres (4.0 km2) in then-rural Coquitlam for the construction of Riverview Hospital and the adjacent Colony Farm lands.
Patients were originally housed in temporary buildings, and in 1913 the building that would eventually be called West Lawn began treating the 300 most seriously ill male patients. By this time, Colony Farm was producing over 700 tons of crops and 20,000 gallons of milk in a year, using mostly patient labour. British Columbia's first Provincial Botanist, John Davidson, established an arboretum, nursery and a botanical garden on the hospital lands, often with the assistance of patients as there was a belief in the therapeutic value. The botanical garden was moved to the new University of British Columbia in 1916, but the arboretum and nursery remained.
In 1924, the Acute Psychopathic Unit, later called Centre Lawn, opened. Then in 1930, the 675-bed Female Chronic Unit (later called East Lawn) opened. The first phase of what would eventually be called the Crease Clinic, the Veteran's Unit opened in 1934, with the second phase opened in 1949, giving Riverview its most iconic building. Finally in 1955, the Tuberculosis Unit (now called North Lawn) opened, marking the peak of patient residence.
Over the following decades, regional clinics began drawing patients from Riverview, and both advances in treatment and eventual cutbacks in funding resulted in fewer people receiving mental health care province-wide. In 1983, West Lawn closed and farming operations at Colony Farm were discontinued. In 1984, the provincial government sold 57 hectares (141 acres) of Riverview lands to Molnar Developments. Shortly afterward, this land was subdivided and became Riverview Heights, with about 250 single family homes.
Other buildings on Riverview Hospital grounds continued as mental health facilities. In 2005, the city's task force on the hospital lands rejected the idea of further housing on the lands and declared that the lands and buildings should be protected and remain as a mental health facility. In 2009, Riverview Hospital was added to the Canadian Register of Historic Places.
In 1992 the Crease Clinic closed, in 2005 the East Lawn building closed, in 2007 the North Lawn building was closed, and in 2012 the last patients were moved from Centre Lawn, and Riverview Hospital closed.
Other mental health facilities have been constructed on the Riverview grounds, the first being Connolly Lodge, which opened 1 March 2002; Cottonwood Lodge opened a few years later, and Cypress Lodge on 23 April 2010. Together these three lodges have beds for 64 patients.
Movies and television
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2013)|
Many Riverview Hospital buildings, especially the Crease Clinic & Kitchen, East Lawn, West Lawn, and North Lawn buildings, are used extensively for movie and television production. The Hillside building started being used for filming in early 2012 and the Valleyview Pavilion building in late August 2012. Not including movie studios, Riverview Hospital's grounds are the most filmed at site in all of Canada. Some of these productions include:
- MacGyver episode "Blood Brothers" (1988)
- Jennifer Eight (1992)
- The X-Files (1993–1996)
- Happy Gilmore (1996)
- Romeo Must Die (2000)
- Dark Angel (2000)
- Valentine (2001)
- Along Came A Spider (2001)
- Smallville (2001)
- Stargate SG-1, episodes "Desperate Measures" (2001), "Icon" (2004), "Ethon" (2006), "Memento Mori" (2006)
- Halloween: Resurrection (2002)
- Elf (2003)
- Kingdom Hospital (TV series) (2004)
- The 4400 (2004)
- Alien Agent (2007)
- Stargate Atlantis, episode "Miller's Crossing" (2008)
- The X Files: I Want to Believe (2008)
- Sanctuary, episodes "Sanctuary for All (Part 1)" (2008), "Breach" (2010)
- Jennifer's Body (2009)
- Watchmen (2009)
- The Troop (2009)
- Case 39 (2009)
- Battlestar Galactica (2005)
- Caprica (2009) (2010)
- Human Target (2010)
- Fairly Legal (2010)
- Tower Prep (2010)
- Tactical Force (2010)
- The Killing (2011)
- Life Unexpected
- True Justice (2011)
- Dibbuk Box (2011)
- Once Upon a Time (pilot) (2011)
- CHAOS (2011)
- Grave Encounters (2011)
- Grave Encounters 2 (2012)
- Alcatraz (2012)
- Falling Skies (Season 2, 2012)
- Continuum (2012)
- A Christmas Story 2 (2012)
- Final Cut (2012)
- Anchoring in Seattle (2012)
- Cruel & Unusual (2012)
- Death Awaits (2012)
- Psych (2012)
- The Runner (2012)
- Killer Among Us (2012)
- Untold Stories of the E.R. (2010) (2012)
- Abducted: The Carolina White Story (2012)
- Supernatural, episodes "Asylum" (2005), "In My Time of Dying" (2006), (2011), (2012)
- Fringe (2009) (2010) (2012)
- Arrow (2012)
- A Moment in Time (2012)
- She Made Me Do It (2012)
- Project Potato (2012)
- The Possession (2012)
- The Goodbye Girl (2012)
- "Riverview Redevelopment Project". BC Mental Health & Addiction Services. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- Botany John Virtual Museum Website:  Retrieved on 27 April 2010,
- Teachers Law Institutes: History of Riverview Retrieved on 2 May 2009
- BCMHAS: History Retrieved on 22 February 2009
- City of Coquitlam: Riverview Hospital Lands Retrieved on 15 February 2009
- "Riverview". Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- "RIVERVIEW STORIES: An historical timeline". Tri-City News. 5 July 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- "Milestones: Steps to completion of the Riverview Redevelopment Project". Fraser Health. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- imdb.com: Titles with locations including Riverview Hospital