Rizal High School

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Not to be confused with Rizal National Science High School.
Rizal High School
Mataas na Paaralang Rizal
Motto "Strive for Excellence for the Glory of God"
Established 1902
Type Public High School
Principal Virginia Membrebe
Year Levels Grades 7,8,9 & 4th Year
Location Dr. Sixto Antonio Avenue, Caniogan,,
Pasig, Metro Manila, Philippines
Campus Urban
Colors Red and Brown         
Nickname Rizalians
Mascot Jose Rizal
Newspaper The Rizalian and Ang Rizalian
Website www.rizalhighschool.org
Rizal High School Main Building

Rizal High School (Filipino: Mataas na Paaralang Rizal) or commonly known as RHS an institution of secondary education based in Pasig, Metro Manila, Philippines, has been listed as the “largest secondary school in the world”[1] since 1993 by the Guinness Book of World Records until 2005 when City Montessori School in Lucknow, India held the title of the world's biggest school, when it had 29,212 pupils, beating Rizal High School in Manila, Philippines, which had 19,738 pupils. [2]

The school was named after the Philippine national hero, Dr. Jose P. Rizal. Notable graduates of the institution include former Senate presidents Neptali Gonzales and Senator Jovito Salonga, former Senator Rene Saguisag, Maestro Lucio San Pedro, and National Artist Carlos “Botong” Francisco to mention a few.

In the school year 2000-2001, Rizal High School reported a student population of 15,959. This figure stands in contrast to the institution's enrollment of 28 students at the time it opened on October 1, 1902, during the incumbency of Governor Ambrocio Flores. Students came from five towns, including the Pasig proper. Then, intermediate classes were under the supervision and administration of the secondary school principal.

Virginia R. Membrebe, the former principal of Sta. Lucia High School, is the new principal after Josephine Cruz since 2012. She implemented new policies, giving emphasis to the students punctuality, and functionality as learners. The school celebrated its centennial in 2002.


Pasig Secondary School[edit]

Rizal High School Rodriguez Building

The first secondary school in the province of Rizal known as the Pasig Secondary School was established in 1902 during the incumbency of Governor Ambrosio Flores with an enrollment of 28 pupils. The students came from five neighboring towns including Pasig. The enrollment increased to 45 pupils in November, 65 in December and 88 in January and February in 1903, all intermediate pupils. The pupils were taught in a room of a rented building, 30 meters by 30 meters. The cost of the rent was $15, local currency, the amount paid from the provincial fund.

At the beginning, the Provincial Board was against the establishment of a provincial school in Pasig, which is near Manila. The increase in African financial support by the provincial government was subject to the condition that the pupils from adjoining towns would attend classes in the provincial school rather than seeking enrollment in Manila.

Immediately after the military post occupied by American soldiers was vacated, it was turned over to the provincial government for the use of the Pasig Secondary School in November 1903. The building, although quite spacious, was old and dilapidated with a badly damaged roof. The teachers assigned to this school were all Americans, namely, Messrs. Laughlin, Click and Scruton. The Superintendent of Schools was Charles Rummel.

The military post was vacated when a new building was constructed in 1902 during the administration of Governor Jose Tupas. The basement of the building was used as a woodworking shop. This was the time when a first year class was organized.

In 1913 a site of ten lots, of 63,700 square meters, was acquired through expropriation proceedings from landowners. The estimated value of the site was P38,540. It was surveyed on November 8, 1928 and registered on October 27, 1931 under Certificate of Title No. 4553. Soon, after the acquisition of the site, a modern, reinforced concrete and modified Standard Plan No. 20 school building was constructed. This was in 1914 during the tenure of Governor Mariano Melendres. The building was completed and occupied in 1915.

Change of Name[edit]

The name of Pasig Secondary School was changed to Rizal High School when a first year class of eleven pupils was organized and when the province was already putting up the greater bulk of the financial support for the school. The change to the present name Rizal High School was made in 1914 when the new building was completed and occupied by the school.

For many years since its establishment in 1902, the intermediate classes were under the supervision and administration of the secondary school principal. These classes were considered a preparatory department of the secondary school. The gradual change in administration started with the school year 1902-1921. The complete separation of the intermediate classes as a preparatory department to the high school took effect in 1924.

The first graduating class was in 1918. Of the 30 fourth year students for the month of March, 27 qualified for graduation. Two of the graduates who later distinguished themselves in their chosen professions were U.P. Professor Cecilio Lopez and Dr. Elpidio Alcantara.

The first principal of the Pasig Secondary School was Steward Laughlin who also served as one of its earliest teachers. The first Filipino principal was Marcelino Bautista who served during the school year 1929-1930, followed by Ricardo Castro in 1930-1935, Aquilino Carino in 1935-1935, Eufrocino Malonzo in 1936-1939. The years preceding the Second World War saw Eliseo Tayao as principal of the Rizal High School (1939–41). The school was closed for sometime and was reopened with Cesario Bandong.

Classes after Liberation[edit]

Rizal High School Gonzalez Building

The carpet-bombing employed by the American Liberation Forces destroyed the Rizal High School building and grounds. Classes therefore were reorganized in 1945 at the Pasig Elementary School by Paterno Santiago (later to become principal of Morong High School). He took charge of the administration of the Rizal High School for about a month when he gave way to Cesario Bandong who served as principal until 1950. The reconstruction of the Rizal High School was started on February 4, 1948 out of the War Damage Fund in the amount of P101,445.49 during the incumbency of Governor Sixto Antonio. The reconstruction was completed on August 15, 1949. Demetrio M. Suguitan took over from Bandong (1950–1960). Modesta T. Javier became the principal in 1960-1974; Cesar S. Tiangco came in 1975 up to January 1980. Diana C. Santos became principal from 1980 until 1999. Josephine M. Cruz, who was then the Schools Division English Supervisor for the secondary level, was installed as Santos' replacement in 1999. Josephine M. Cruz was principal until 2012. Now the school is under the management of Virginia R. Membrebe, a former Social Studies teacher of Rizal High School prior to her elevation to the principalship of Santa Lucia High School.[3]


  1. Special Program in Sports (SPS)
  2. Special Program in Arts (SPA)
    • Fine Arts
    • Theater Arts
  3. Science, Technology, and Engineering (STE) Class (STE 1 and 2)
  4. Enhanced Basic Education Curriculum (EBEC) Section
    1. First Bracket (EBEC 1-5)
    2. Second Bracket (6-10)
    3. Third Bracket (11-20)
    4. Lower Section (20-45)


Amang Building[edit]

It is now one of the oldest building in the campus. It is occupied by Grade 8 students in the second bracket, third bracket and the lower sections. The Amang Building houses the English Department.

Main Building[edit]

Also known as the Computer Building which was inaugurated last December 2000, this five and six-storey building houses the Administration Office, the Library and Computer Rooms for use by the Grade 9 and fourth year students . The Library now has Internet access for research activities. The sides of this U-shaped building house the homerooms of the fourth year students. This building replaces the older two-story Main Building.

Isidro Rodriguez Building[edit]

The left wing of the Isidro Rodriguez Building was once home to the Rizal Technological College. Is was inaugurated in 1974. Stretching its long halls beside the Marikina River, the IR Right Wing is occupied by the Home Economics electives on the first and second floors and a canteen on the first floor. The HE Department Office is located above the canteen and the Math Department is at the right end of the third floor while Science Department is on the second floor. Today, the right wing is used as rooms for the TLE electives and the left wing is used as homerooms for Grade 9 students. Canteens are located at the ground floors of both left and right wings. A cooperative store was built for the convenience of the students' needs for their projects. On the right wing is where the Mathematics Department is found

Neptali Gonzales Building[edit]

The Neptali Gonzales Building was named after RHS' alumnus, Senate President Neptali Gonzales. The building which has 24 classrooms became operational in 1999. Some P18.5 million, which came from the CDF of the senator, was spent for this four-storey building. It is currently occupied by Grade 7 students.

Rizal High School Museum and Alumni Hall[edit]

Inaugurated this 2005, this three-storey building houses the museum on the ground floor, Alumni Hall on the second and third floors), the school clinic on the ground floor, the office of discipline on the second floor, and the office of the Araling Panlipunan (History) Department on the ground floor.

Caruncho Gymnasium[edit]

This gymnasium was repaired and air-conditioned under the supervision and budget of Pasig City during the administration of former Mayor Vicente Eusebio. This gymnasium also houses the MAPEH Department, its clubs and organizations. The gymnasium is the place where most of the school programs are held.

S.C.E. Building[edit]

Named after Soledad C. Eusebio, former mayor of Pasig City, the S.C.E building is where the Pilot Sections, now called Science, Technology, and Engineering (STE) Class (1-3) from Grade 7 to 9 and 4th year is located. At the first floor is where the Values Department is found.

Science Building[edit]

This is where the six science laboratories, one speech laboratory, the Science and Technology Department office are found.


Sagad Annex[edit]

Behind Brgy. Caniogan is the Rizal High School Annex-Sagad. Their uniform colors are green and yellow.

Pinagbuhatan Annex[edit]

At the back of the Pasig Public Market is Brgy. Pinagbuhatan where the Rizal High School Annex-Pinagbuhatan is located.


  1. ^ Txtmania.com: Biggest in the Philippines, retrieved 2007-08-22 
  2. ^ http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-10-16/indian-school-recognised-as-worlds-biggest/4314132
  3. ^ Rizal High School, Administration (2007), Rizal High School Handbook 2007-2008 (30th ed.), Pasig City: Rizal High School Press 

Coordinates: 14°34′05″N 121°04′32″E / 14.56806°N 121.07556°E / 14.56806; 121.07556