|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Donggang District
|• CPC Secretary||Yang Jun (杨军)|
|• Mayor||Li Tongdao (李同道)|
|• Prefecture-level city||5,310 km2 (2,050 sq mi)|
|• Urban||1,915 km2 (739 sq mi)|
|• Metro||1,507 km2 (582 sq mi)|
|Population (2010 census)|
|• Prefecture-level city||2,801,100|
|• Density||530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||600/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|License Plate Prefix||鲁L|
Rizhao (Chinese: 日照; pinyin: Rìzhào; Wade–Giles: Jih-Chao) is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Shandong province, People's Republic of China. It is situated on the coastline along the Yellow Sea, borders Qingdao to the northeast, Weifang to the north, Linyi to the west and southwest, and faces Korea and Japan across the Yellow Sea to the east. Rizhao features a major seaport, located approximately 620 km (390 mi) north of Shanghai, 170 km (110 mi) southwest of Qingdao, and 120 km (75 mi) north of Lianyungang. The seaport serves as a site for loading and unloading iron ore and coal. Other products passing through the harbour include cement, nickel, bauxite, and the like. In 2011 the Port of Rizhao, together with the cities of Qingdao, Weihai and Yantai in Shandong, signed a strategic alliance with Busan, the largest port of the Republic of Korea. The alliance aims at building a shipping and logistics center in Northeast Asia.
The name of the city literally means "sunshine". The city is known for its sustainability, and it mandates solar-water heaters in all new buildings. Rizhao city was recognized by the United Nations as one of the most habitable cities in the world in 2009.
The city population stands at 2,801,100 as of the 2010 census. Out of those, a little over 865,000 people live in the urban area of Donggang district.
Rizhao is located at the place where the ancient Dawenkou Culture and the Longshan Culture flourished. Rizhao belonged to Dongyi during the Xia and the Shang Dynasty (2070-1046 BC), and to Ju State and Yue State in the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC) and the Warring States period (476-221 BC). It became a part of Langya Prefecture in the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC). Rizhao was named Haiqu County during the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-25 AD) and Xihai County under the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220 AD).
During the Tang Dynasty, together with Ju County, Rizhao belonged to Mizhou District of Henan Prefecture. In the second year of the Yuanyou Period of the Song Dynasty, Rizhao Township was established, with the name meaning “the first to get the sunshine”. In the 24th year of the Dading Period of the Jin Dynasty, Rizhao County was established. In 1940 it came under control of the Communist Party of China. After being a county and since 1985 a city under administration of Linyi in modern times, Rizhao became a prefecture-level city within Shandong province in 1989.
The Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago has done field survey archaeological work in Rizhao over years.
Rizhao has a temperate, four-season, monsoon-influenced climate that lies in the transition between the humid subtropical (Köppen Cwa) and humid continental (Köppen Dwa) regimes, but favouring the former. Winter is cool to cold and windy, but generally dry, with a January average of −0.3 °C (31.5 °F). Summer is generally hot and humid, but very hot days are rare, with an August average of 25.7 °C (78.3 °F). Due to its proximity to the coast and being on a peninsula, it experiences a one-month delayed spring compared to much of the province. Conversely, autumn is milder than inland areas in Shandong. The annual mean temperature is 12.95 °C (55.3 °F). On average, there are 2,530 hours of bright sunshine annually and the relative humidity is 70–74 %.
|Climate data for Rizhao (1971–2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||3.7
|Average low °C (°F)||−3.7
|Precipitation mm (inches)||13.5
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||3.3||4.2||5.4||6.9||8.3||9.1||13.6||11.0||7.5||6.1||5.1||3.3||83.8|
|Source: Weather China|
Landmarks and tourist attractions
The following locations have a 4-star rating according to Chinese classification for scenic spots (旅游景区质量等级)
- Wulian Mountain (五莲山风景区)
- Wanpingkou Beach (万平口风景区)
- Rizhao Beach National Park (日照海滨国家森林公园)
- Liujiawan Park (刘家湾赶海园)
- Fulai Mountain (浮来山风景区)
The city now mandates the incorporation of solar panels in all new buildings, and oversees the construction process to ensure the panels are correctly installed. The effort to install solar water heaters began in 1992. As of 2007, 99 percent of households in the central districts use solar water heaters, and most of the lighting and traffic signals are powered with photovoltaic solar power. In 2007 the city had over a half-million square meters of solar water heating panels, which have effectively reduced conventional electricity usage by 348 million kilowatthours per year. The city has been designated as the Environmental Protection Model City by China's SEPA, and is consistently listed in the top 10 cities for air quality in China.
Universities and colleges
Since becoming a city, Rizhao has seen a big growth in the number of universities and colleges, all of which are located in or near the University City (大学城) of Donggang District.
- Qufu Normal University (曲阜师范大学)
- Jining Medical University (济宁医学院)
- Rizhao Polytechnic (日照技术职业学院)
- Shandong Foreign Languages Vocational College (山东外国语职业学院)
- Shandong Maritime Vocational College (山东海事职业学院)
- Shandong Sport College (山东体育学院)
- Shandong Water Polytechnic (山东水利学院)
-  http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/613350/china_company_report_rizhao_port_co_ltd
- "Four Chinese ports ally with ROK's largest port". Marine News China. 29 September 2011. Retrieved September 14, 2012.
- Worldwatch Institute. (2007). State of the World : Our Urban Future.:108
- Levinson, Matthew and Chen, Jing, ", 2008-05-01.China — the rise of the green city", ScienceAlert Australia and New Zealand, retrieved on 2008-08-23
- Government website of Rizhao (in Chinese), retrieved on 2012-10-11