Rizhsky railway station

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Rizhsky station
Bahn aus Zusatzzeichen 1024-15.svg Mosmetro.svg
Moscow-Rizhsky
Moscow Riga Railway Terminal 2011.JPG
View of the station's main entrance
Station statistics
Address Rizhskaya Square, Moscow, Russia
Connections

Moscow metro station:

Moskwa Metro Line 6.svg Rizhskaya
Structure type at-grade
Platforms 2
Tracks 4
Parking no
Other information
Opened 1901
Station code 196108
Fare zone 0
Formerly Vindavsky, Baltiysky, Rzhevsky

Rizhsky station (Russian: Рижский вокзал, Rizhsky vokzal, Riga station) is one of the nine main railway stations in Moscow, Russia. It was built in 1901. As well as being an active station it also houses the Moscow Railway Museum. The station is operated by the Moscow Railway.

It is located at Rizhskaya Square, at the crossing of Mira Avenue and Sushchyovsky Val. The station is served by Rizhskaya metro station. Although Rizhskiy Station is relatively the least busiest station in Moscow, its connection to Latvia is Moscow's only, and is highly used. On the intersection of two main roads, Rizhskiy is adjacent to a Holiday Inn hotel, a large market, and numerous Moscow apartments and offices. In addition, Rizhskiy Station has some of the best architecture of all the Moscow "vokzals".

History[edit]

The construction of the railway between Moscow and Vindava (Moscow-Vindava Railway) started in 1897. On June 30, 1901 the passenger traffic between Moscow and Volokolamsk was opened. Since the main station in Moscow was not ready at the time, the eastern terminal station in Moscow was Sortirovochnaya (currently Podmoskovnaya). The Vindavsky railway station, currently the Rizhsky railway station, was opened on September 11, 1901.[1] The building, in the style of eclecticism, was built using the project of the architect Stanislav Brzhozovsky. The construction was supervised by the architect Yuly Diederichs.[2]

After 1918, when Latvia became independent, the former Vindava direction decayed, since it did not serve any big cities. In 1930, the station was renamed Baltiysky railway station, in 1942 - Rzhevsky railway station, and in 1946, when Latvia has been already annexed by Soviet Union, it was renamed Rizhsky railway station. Originally, the suburban direction was scheduled to be electrified in 1943, but the electrification of the stretch between Moscow and Nakhabino only occurred in 1945, after World War II was finished.[3]

In 2004, the Moscow Railway Museum was opened.

Trains and destinations[edit]

Long distance[edit]

Train number Train name Destination Operated by
001/002 Latvia Express (lat: Latvijas Ekspresis) Latvia Riga Latvia Latvian Railways

Other destinations[edit]

Country Destination
Russia Russia Velikie Luki, Volokolamsk, Sebezh

Suburban destinations[edit]

Suburban commuter trains (elektrichka) connect the Rizhsky station with stations and platforms of the Rizhsky suburban direction of Moscow Railway, in particular, with the towns of Krasnogorsk, Dedovsk, Istra, and Volokolamsk.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Старостин, Михаил; Александр Поздеев. "История пригородного движения с Рижского вокзала". Krasnogorsk City Portal. Retrieved 22 October 2012. 
  2. ^ "Бржозовский С.А." (in Russian). Модерн Петербурга. Retrieved 25 October 2012. 
  3. ^ "Рижский вокзал" (in Russian). Moscow.org. Retrieved 27 October 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°47′34″N 37°37′57″E / 55.79278°N 37.63250°E / 55.79278; 37.63250