Rizokarpaso

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Rizokarpaso
DipkarpazChurch.jpg
Rizokarpaso is located in Cyprus
Rizokarpaso
Rizokarpaso
Rizokarpaso in Cyprus.
Coordinates: 35°36′0″N 34°22′0″E / 35.60000°N 34.36667°E / 35.60000; 34.36667Coordinates: 35°36′0″N 34°22′0″E / 35.60000°N 34.36667°E / 35.60000; 34.36667
Country  Cyprus
 • District Famagusta District
Country (controlled by)  Northern Cyprus
 • District İskele District
Government
 • Mayor Suphi Coskun
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 2,349
Time zone EET (UTC+2)

Rizokarpaso (Greek: Ριζοκάρπασο [locally [rizˑoˈkar̥paso]]; Turkish: Dipkarpaz) is a town on the Karpass Peninsula in the northeastern part of Cyprus. While nominally part of the Famagusta District of the Republic of Cyprus, it has been under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus since the partition of the island in 1974.

Rizokarpaso is the biggest town on the peninsula. Soil near the town consists of terra fusca which is very fertile. Local crops include carob, cotton, tobacco, and grain.

History[edit]

Orthodox church and mosque in Dipkarpaz (Rizokarpaso)

Before 1974, the town was predominantly inhabited by Greek-Cypriots. During the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in 1974, the peninsula was cut off by Turkish troops, and this prevented the town's Greek-Cypriot inhabitants from fleeing to the south. As a result, with 250 Greek-Cypriot inhabitants, Rizokarpaso is the home of the biggest Greek-speaking population in the North. Although the Greek-Cypriot population is now mainly elderly and shrinking in size, they are still supplied by the UN, and Greek-Cypriot products are consequently available in some shops.

The town has two churches: St. Synesios and the church of the Holy Trinity. They are examples of the typical Cypriot mixed style, combining features of the late Gothic introduced by the Lusignans with the late Byzantine style of the Orthodox tradition. When the island's Orthodox bishops were banished by the Lusignans in 1222, the Bishop of Famagusta was sent to Rizokarpaso and continued his work in St. Synesios, the main Orthodox church in the region. These are two of the few Christian churches to operate in the northern part of Cyprus, and has allegedly had services stopped by the Turkish Cypriot police.[2]

Rizokarpaso is partly located in the ancient city of Karpasia on the West coast, according to legend founded by king Pygmalion.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Rizokarpaso is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ KKTC 2011 Nüfus ve Konut Sayımı [TRNC 2011 Population and Housing Census], TRNC State Planning Organization, 6 August 2013, p. 17 
  2. ^ Turkish Cypriot ‘Grinches’ Steal Christmas, Stop Holiday Liturgy
  3. ^ "Ankara - Twin Towns". © Ankara-City.sk. Retrieved 2013-10-19. 
  4. ^ "Pendik - Twin Towns". © Pendik-City.sk. Retrieved 2013-10-20. 
  5. ^ "Bakü-İstanbul-KKTC 'yerel yönetim' hattı". © Yasamal. Retrieved 2013-10-20. 
  6. ^ "Dipkarpaz- Twin Towns". © Ardeşen-City.sk. Retrieved 2013-10-20. 
  7. ^ "Dipkarpaz- Twin Towns". © Tatvan-City.sk. Retrieved 2013-10-20. 

External links[edit]