|• District||Famagusta District|
|Country (controlled by)||Northern Cyprus|
|• District||İskele District|
|• Mayor||Suphi Coskun|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
Rizokarpaso (Greek: Ριζοκάρπασο [locally [rizˑoˈkar̥paso]]; Turkish: Dipkarpaz) is a town on the Karpass Peninsula in the northeastern part of Cyprus. While nominally part of the Famagusta District of the Republic of Cyprus, it has been under the de facto control of Northern Cyprus since the partition of the island in 1974.
Before 1974, the town was predominantly inhabited by Greek-Cypriots. During the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in 1974, the peninsula was cut off by Turkish troops, and this prevented the town's Greek-Cypriot inhabitants from fleeing to the unoccupied South.
After the hostilities in 1974, population transfers were made in accordance with the population exchange agreement between Turkish and Greek Cypriots (Third Vienna Agreement) under the auspices of United Nations on 2 August 1975; the Orthodox Greek Cypriots in Rizokarpaso agreed to live under Turkish Cypriot administration and stayed in the north.
With 250 Greek-Cypriot inhabitants, Rizokarpaso is now the home of the biggest Greek-speaking population in the North. Although the Greek-Cypriot population is now mainly elderly and shrinking in size, they are still supplied by the UN, and Greek-Cypriot products are consequently available in some shops.
The town has two churches: St. Synesios and the church of the Holy Trinity. They are examples of the typical Cypriot mixed style, combining features of the late Gothic introduced by the Lusignans with the late Byzantine style of the Orthodox tradition. When the island's Orthodox bishops were banished by the Lusignans in 1222, the Bishop of Famagusta was sent to Rizokarpaso and continued his work in St. Synesios, the main Orthodox church in the region. These are two of the few Christian churches to operate in the northern part of Cyprus, and has allegedly had services stopped by the Turkish Cypriot police.
Twin towns – sister cities
Rizokarpaso is twinned with:
- Ankara, Turkey (since 1986)
- Pendik, Istanbul, Turkey (since 1986)
- Yasamal, Baku, Azerbaijan (since 2005)
- Ardeşen, Rize, Turkey
- Tatvan, Bitlis, Turkey
- KKTC 2011 Nüfus ve Konut Sayımı [TRNC 2011 Population and Housing Census], TRNC State Planning Organization, 6 August 2013, p. 17
- United Nations, Cyprus Population Exchange Agreement 02.08.1975 United Nations, Cyprus Population Exchange Agreement 2 August 1975.
- Turkish Cypriot ‘Grinches’ Steal Christmas, Stop Holiday Liturgy
- "Ankara - Twin Towns". © Ankara-City.sk. Retrieved 2013-10-19.
- "Pendik - Twin Towns". © Pendik-City.sk. Retrieved 2013-10-20.
- "Bakü-İstanbul-KKTC 'yerel yönetim' hattı". © Yasamal. Retrieved 2013-10-20.
- "Dipkarpaz- Twin Towns". © Ardeşen-City.sk. Retrieved 2013-10-20.
- "Dipkarpaz- Twin Towns". © Tatvan-City.sk. Retrieved 2013-10-20.