Rožňava

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Coordinates: 48°39′30″N 20°31′51″E / 48.65833°N 20.53083°E / 48.65833; 20.53083
Rožňava
Town
Roznava-Strazna veza.jpg
Town tower
Motto: Mesto s výhľadom
Country Slovakia
Region Košice Region
District Rožňava District
Tourism region Gemer
River Slaná
Elevation 313 m (1,027 ft)
Coordinates 48°39′30″N 20°31′51″E / 48.65833°N 20.53083°E / 48.65833; 20.53083
Area 45.614 km2 (18 sq mi)
Population 19,505 (31 December 2013)
Density 428 / km2 (1,109 / sq mi)
First mentioned 1291
Mayor Pavol Burdiga
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 048 01
Phone prefix 421-58
Car plate RV
Location of Rožňava in Slovakia
Location of Rožňava in Slovakia
Location of Rožňava in the Košice Region
Location of Rožňava in the Košice Region
Wikimedia Commons: Rožňava
Statistics: MOŠ/MIS
Website: http://www.roznava.sk

Rožňava (Hungarian: Rozsnyó, German: Rosenau, Latin: Rosnavia) is a town in Slovakia, approximately 71 kilometres (44 miles) by road from Košice in the Košice Region, and has a population of 19,505.

The town is an economic and tourist centre of the Gemer. Rožňava is now a popular tourist attraction with a beautiful historic town centre. The town is an episcopal seat. It has above all food, textile and remnants of mining industries.

History[edit]

Archaeological finds show that the region was densely settled by miners as early as around 1200. The first written mention stems from 1291, the royal free town status from 1410. The Roman Catholic diocese of Rožňava was founded in 1776.

In the Middle Ages, Rožňava was a prosperous mining town for gold, silver, and iron. Mining activities stagnated from the 16th century (when territories to the south of the town were conquered by Ottoman Turks). Mining - this time mainly of iron ore - was renewed around 1800 and was present in the town throughout the 20th century.

The name of the town probably derives from the German and/or Hungarian words for rose (Rose and Rózsa, respectively).

On 13 September 2003, Rožňava was visited by Pope John Paul II.

Noteworthy buildings[edit]

  • an important Mining Museum
  • a completely preserved medieval central town square with burgher houses
  • the Cathedral (Gothic, late 13th century) with many precious historic art objects, especially a Renaissance painting of Mestercia showing realistic mining motifs
  • the Town Tower (Renaissance, 1654) in the middle of the central town square
  • the Jesuit church (Baroque, 1687)
  • the Bishop's residence (Baroque-Classical, arose 1778 from older houses) with a plague column in front of the building
  • a town hall (Classical, 1711)
  • an Evangelic Lutheran church (Classical, 1786)
  • a Reformed church (neo-Gothic, 1905)

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2001 census, the town had 19,261 inhabitants. 69.27% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 26.80% Hungarians, 1.59% Roma and 0.69% Czechs.[1] The religious make-up was 41.08% Roman Catholics, 32.34% people with no religious affiliation, 12.03% Lutherans and 1.33% Greek Catholics.[1]

Notable citizens[edit]

Parts of the town[edit]

  • Nadabula
  • Rožňava (proper)
  • Rožňavská Baňa (Rožňava Mine)
  • Krásnohorská jaskyňa (Krásnohorská Cave)

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Rožňava is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2007-12-17. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 

External links[edit]