List of road-rail bridges

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Road-rail bridges are bridges shared by road and rail lines. Road and rail may be segregated so that trains may operate at the same time as cars (e.g., the Sydney Harbour Bridge). The rail track can be above the roadway or vice versa with truss bridges. Road and rail may share the same carriageway so that road traffic must stop when the trains operate (like a level crossing), or operate together like a tram in a street (street running).

Road-rail bridges are sometimes called combined bridges.[1]


Afghanistan[edit]

Afghanistan–Uzbekistan Friendship Bridge

Argentina[edit]

Australia[edit]

Current[edit]

Former[edit]

Paringa Bridge showing bicycle path on former railway through the middle

Bahrain-Qatar[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

Benin[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Bulgaria[edit]

Burma[edit]

Cameroon[edit]

Canada[edit]

Alberta
British Columbia
Nova Scotia
Ontario
Québec
Saskatchewan

Democratic Republic of the Congo[edit]

Czech Republic[edit]

  • Bechyně. In 1928 a bridge was constructed to carry the railway line and road from Tábor into Bechyně. Previously the line had stopped on the other side of a deep gorge from the town and access was by way of a steep road and narrow bridge. The rail line runs in the roadway for 100 m and traffic stopped by lights as for a grade crossing.[14]

China[edit]

Anhui
Beijing
Chongqing
Fujian
Hubei
Jiangsu

Liaoning
Jiangxi
Shanghai

Denmark[edit]

Egypt[edit]

  • Suez Canal road rail bridge at El Hammad[17]

Estonia[edit]

France[edit]

Fiji[edit]

  • On Viti Levu the CSR Company was obliged to provide road-rail bridges when it built bridges for the Cane Trains to their sugar mills, e.g. the two largest bridges over the Ba and Sigatoka Rivers. Many are now rail-only as separate road bridges has been built.
  • The Ba Bridge (550 ft; 170 m) has 19 spans, 17 standard spans (30 ft; 9 m) and a short span at each end, and has been rail-only for many years. The Sigatoka Bridge (810 ft; 245 m) has 27 spans. Both bridges are prone to hurricane damage due to extra flow of water; the Ba Bridge often disappears under water but is not always damaged (see Cane Trains).
    • Sigatoka Bridge was washed away by storms, January 2009.[19]

Finland[edit]

Ghana[edit]

  • Unknown location with YouTube movie[20]

Germany[edit]

Wartime[edit]

Hong Kong[edit]

Current[edit]

Former[edit]

Hungary[edit]

Türr István híd over the Danube near Baja[24]

India[edit]

Iraq[edit]

Italy[edit]

Japan[edit]

Inuyama Bridge in 1996

Current[edit]

Former[edit]

North Korea[edit]

South Korea[edit]

Laos[edit]

Macau[edit]

Mozambique[edit]

  • The Dona Ana Bridge has carried rail and road traffic, but not at the same time.

Netherlands[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

The TranzCoastal using the upper level of the bridge in April 2007. Road transport used the lower level until a new bridge was opened in November 2007

Current[edit]

Section of Arahura Bridge - standing beside the new bridge as an example of this rare type of construction

Former[edit]

Temporary[edit]

  • Wairoa River - due to road bridge washaway 2008[30]

Nigeria[edit]

Norway[edit]

  • Rødberg Bridge carried the now closed Numedal Line to its terminus in Rødberg and the highway continuing to Geilo over Upsetelva in the center of Rødberg. The rails are still in place, covered by tarmac. There has been no rail traffic on Numedalsbanen since 1988. The railway is in the road, so car traffic had to stop when trains were passing.
  • Bruhaug Bridge, also on Numedal Line carried both the railway and local car traffic over the river Numedalslågen. The road surface is wood.
  • Hølendalen Bridge, near Moss. Motorway and railway, parallel separate bridges.
  • Nygård Bridge in Bergen carries both the Bergen Light Rail and a street. A parallel bridge carries European Route E39.

Portugal[edit]

Qatar[edit]

See above (under Bahrain)

Romania[edit]

Russia[edit]

Serbia[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Sweden[edit]

  • Oresund Bridge - 8 km long two-level bridge. Road (four lane) on top, rail (two tracks) below.
  • In the sparsely populated part of Sweden there are some narrow same-track combined road-rail bridges:
  • Traneberg Bridge - in Stockholm, combined road and subway/metro rail bridge.
  • Skanstull Bridge - in Stockholm, combined road and subway/metro rail bridge.
  • Lidingöbron - 1 km long parallel road and rail (separate bridges). The road bridge was built 1971; before that the old bridge had road and double track railway in the same carriageway.

Thailand[edit]

Uganda[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Current[edit]

King George V Bridge
King George V Bridge showing the road and railway
  • Ashton Swing Bridge Preston. Crosses Preston Dock lock. Road traffic and pedestrians controlled by barriers from the lock control room. Still used by The Ribble Steam Railway and tour trains visiting from the main line, still running in 2012 the bridge is used for delivery of bitumen by railway to the Preston Total Bitumen plant. On arrival from Total’s oil refinery in Immingham, North Lincolnshire, the tankers are parked at the exchange sidings. The steam railway staff divide the trains and shunt the tankers into Total Bitumen's siding for the bitumen processing and distribution plant, later reforming the trains for their return journey to Immingham.
  • Britannia Bridge Robert Stephenson's famous bridge across the Menai Strait in Wales. Rebuilt as a road and rail bridge after the fire in 1970.
  • High Level Bridge Newcastle upon Tyne.
  • King George V Bridge, Keadby, North Lincolnshire. Carries the A18 and the DoncasterScunthorpe railway across the River Trent. Opened in 1916, Althorpe railway station is on the western bank of the Trent, very close to the bridge, which has not lifted for some years.
  • Belfast cross-harbour bridge, opened 1994-1995. See The Motorway Archive
  • Kingsferry road and rail bridge, Isle of Sheppey. Built in 1960, until 2006 this was the only road crossing to the island. The bridge opens 20 times each day.
  • Britannia Bridge, Porthmadog, Wales, on the Welsh Highland Railway, Shared by this narrow gauge line and the main road through the town.
  • Runcorn Railway Bridge - rail shared with pedestrians
  • Penrhyndeudraeth Bridge, Glaslyn Estuary, Wales - single track rail of the Cambrian coast line with signal controlled single track carriageway.

Former[edit]

  • Connel Bridge, near Oban, Scotland, was shared until the railway closed in the 1960s. A cantilever bridge.
  • Ashton Avenue Bridge, Bristol road rail swing bridge.
  • Queen Alexandra Bridge, still in road (A1231) use across the River Wear between Deptford and Southwick in Sunderland, mineral railway abandoned in 1921 after 12 years' use.
  • Newhaven Harbour, East Sussex, swing bridge standard gauge harbour branch shared with main coast road to Brighton, closed about 1962.

United States[edit]

California
Florida
Illinois
Iowa - Illinois
Kentucky

Louisiana

Massachusetts

Michigan
  • Portage Lake Lift Bridge connecting Hancock and Houghton. The world's heaviest and largest double deck vertical lift bridge. 4-lane road on upper deck, rail on lower deck (converted to trail). The lower deck was also paved so the bridge could be placed in an intermediate position to allow road traffic only.
Minnesota
Missouri
  • Second Hannibal Bridge in Kansas City, Missouri across the Missouri River. Opened in 1917, had a road deck until 1956, when another bridge was built, but the rail deck is presently in use. Evidence of the road deck is still plainly visible.
  • ASB Bridge in Kansas City, Missouri, across the Missouri River. Opened in 1911, it carried vehicular traffic until 1987, when new span was built. Bridge is unique that lower part is a vertical lift drawbridge, while without interrupting traffic on the upper deck.
  • Eads Bridge in St. Louis, Missouri across the Mississippi River. Opened in 1874. It carries the road traffic on the upper deck and the St. Louis MetroLink on the lower deck.
New York

Ohio

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Virginia

Uzbekistan[edit]

  • Amu Darya Bridge is the first bridge between Khorezm and Karakalpakstan, opened March 2004. It only has one track with the rails embedded into tarmac, used for trains and cars, one direction at a time, and is 681 m long. It now doubles the pontoon bridge that was the only link between Khorezm and the rest of Uzbekistan.
  • See above for the cross-border bridge to Afghanistan

Venezuela[edit]

Zambia[edit]

Zimbabwe[edit]

Temporary[edit]

During wartime and other emergencies, rail tracks on bridges are sometimes paved to allow road traffic to proceed. Examples include the Ludendorff Bridge at Remagen bridge.

After a landslide on the Stromeferry road in 2012, a 150m section of the parallel railway was paved with rubber tiles to allow road traffic to avoid a 250 km detour.[40]

Proposed[edit]

Under Construction[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "ROAD AND RAILWAY BRIDGE.". The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860-1954) (Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 16 June 1937. p. 6. Retrieved 1 July 2011. 
  2. ^ Motive Power April 2009, page 117
  3. ^ Light Railways - #199
  4. ^ "FREMANTLE BRIDGE.". Examiner (Launceston, Tas. : 1900-1954) (Launceston, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 9 September 1926. p. 4 Edition: DAILY. Retrieved 1 July 2011. 
  5. ^ [Rail Graphics North Atlas p72]
  6. ^ http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/5627866
  7. ^ "THE PARINGA BRIDGE.". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 28 January 1927. p. 14. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  8. ^ Australian Railway History June 2013, page 10
  9. ^ Railway Gazette International July 2013, pg 10
  10. ^ http://www.railpage.com.au/f-t11335707.htm
  11. ^ Freight Railways, Freight Transport & Rail Cargo - RailServe.com
  12. ^ Cameroonian Railways
  13. ^ Railway Gazette International September 2012, p42
  14. ^ http://www.mestobechyne.cz/english/electric-railway/elinka-the-electric-railway.html
  15. ^ http://railwaysafrica.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=3236&Itemid=36[not in citation given]
  16. ^ http://www.railwaysafrica.com/2010/07/tunnel-under-suez/
  17. ^ "TROOP MOVES IN SUEZ.". The Sun-Herald (Sydney, NSW : 1953 - 1954) (Sydney, NSW: National Library of Australia). 24 January 1954. p. 80. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  18. ^ Today's Railway Europe #214, p15
  19. ^ The Weekend Australian January 17–18, 2009 p16
  20. ^ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Oa9CBUfOww
  21. ^ "MOSELLE BRIDGE.". The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 17 February 1945. p. 6. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  22. ^ http://maps.google.co.uk/maps?hl=en&safe=off&ie=UTF8&hq=&hnear=%E6%B5%B7%E7%9A%87%E8%B7%AF&ll=22.37879,113.972468&spn=0.014008,0.027874&z=16&brcurrent=3,0x3403fb3b950dba4f:0xf6e98875cffa2a82,0,0x3403e4eb267ce625:0x78f6d847f52f2da9&layer=c&cbll=22.378913,113.968097&panoid=w9i9Ij-TiBsfmsSi9z-cUA&cbp=12,110.26,,0,17.04
  23. ^ http://maps.google.co.uk/maps?hl=en&safe=off&ie=UTF8&hq=&hnear=%E6%B5%B7%E7%9A%87%E8%B7%AF&ll=22.378928,113.967485&spn=0.003522,0.006968&t=h&z=18&brcurrent=3,0x3403fb3b950dba4f:0xf6e98875cffa2a82,0,0x3403e4eb267ce625:0x78f6d847f52f2da9
  24. ^ hu:Türr István híd
  25. ^ "No title.". Advocate (Burnie, Tas. : 1890 - 1954) (Burnie, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 4 October 1950. p. 6. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  26. ^ "THE MONT CENIS RAILWAY.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 29 October 1868. p. 3. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  27. ^ "NAZIS THROWN FROM WALCHEREN: 15th ARMY COMPLETELY ROUTED.". Army News (Darwin, NT : 1941 - 1946) (Darwin, NT: National Library of Australia). 8 November 1944. p. 1. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  28. ^ "Historic West Coast bridge replaced". stuff.co.nz. 11 December 2009. Retrieved 21 December 2009. 
  29. ^ "N. Zealand Rivers Burst Into Flood Overnight.". Sunday Times (Perth, WA : 1902 - 1954) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 28 May 1950. p. 2. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  30. ^ NZ Railway Observer March 2009, pg 239
  31. ^ "No title.". Cairns Post (Qld. : 1909 - 1954) (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 25 July 1932. p. 10. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  32. ^ Railway Gazette International July 2013, pg 10
  33. ^ http://www.railpage.com.au/f-t11335707.htm
  34. ^ Railway Gazette International Dec 2012, p16
  35. ^ a b http://www.island.lk/index.php?page_cat=article-details&page=article-details&code_title=15269
  36. ^ http://www.amazinglanka.com/attractions/manampitiya_bridge/manampitiya_bridge.php
  37. ^ http://www.amazinglanka.com/attractions/valaichena/valaichena.php
  38. ^ "CROCODILE ON BRIDGE.". Western Argus (Kalgoorlie, WA : 1916 - 1938) (Kalgoorlie, WA: National Library of Australia). 2 January 1934. p. 12. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  39. ^ http://maps.google.com/maps?q=Mare+Island+Causeway&sourceid=Mozilla-search Google Maps
  40. ^ http://www.railwaygazette.com/nc/news/single-view/view/rail-road-solution-bypasses-stromeferry-rock-fall.html
  41. ^ http://www.thedailystar.net/newDesign/news-details.php?nid=101453
  42. ^ http://www.railpage.com.au/f-t11345902-s30.htm Dhaka - Khulna
  43. ^ http://allafrica.com/stories/200812190596.html
  44. ^ Railway Gazette International June 2012 p25