List of road-rail bridges
Road-rail bridges are bridges shared by road and rail lines. Road and rail may be segregated so that trains may operate at the same time as cars (e.g., the Sydney Harbour Bridge). The rail track can be above the roadway or vice versa with truss bridges. Road and rail may share the same carriageway so that road traffic must stop when the trains operate (like a level crossing), or operate together like a tram in a street (street running).
Road-rail bridges are sometimes called combined bridges.
- 1 Afghanistan
- 2 Argentina
- 3 Australia
- 4 Bahrain-Qatar
- 5 Bangladesh
- 6 Benin
- 7 Brazil
- 8 Bulgaria
- 9 Burma
- 10 Cameroon
- 11 Canada
- 12 Democratic Republic of the Congo
- 13 Czech Republic
- 14 China
- 15 Denmark
- 16 Egypt
- 17 Estonia
- 18 France
- 19 Fiji
- 20 Finland
- 21 Ghana
- 22 Germany
- 23 Hong Kong
- 24 Hungary
- 25 India
- 26 Iraq
- 27 Italy
- 28 Japan
- 29 North Korea
- 30 South Korea
- 31 Laos
- 32 Macau
- 33 Mozambique
- 34 Netherlands
- 35 New Zealand
- 36 Nigeria
- 37 Norway
- 38 Portugal
- 39 Qatar
- 40 Romania
- 41 Russia
- 42 Serbia
- 43 Sri Lanka
- 44 Sweden
- 45 Thailand
- 46 Uganda
- 47 United Kingdom
- 48 United States
- 49 Uzbekistan
- 50 Venezuela
- 51 Zambia
- 52 Zimbabwe
- 53 Temporary
- 54 Proposed
- 55 Under Construction
- 56 See also
- 57 References
- Transandine Railway rail tunnel converted to road use for time being, albeit single lane.
- Sydney Harbour Bridge, Sydney, New South Wales now with parallel tunnel.
- Narrows Bridge, Perth, Western Australia
- Mount Henry Bridge, Perth, Western Australia
- Bridgewater Bridge, Hobart, Tasmania
- Burdekin Bridge, Queensland
- Bylong Tunnel used for single lane road, until railway completed[clarification needed]
- Dickabram Bridge, Queensland
- Grafton Bridge, New South Wales - lifting span out of use. Also carries large water main instead of second railway track.
- Septimus, Queensland - Head-Menkens Road - Cane tram
- Pyrmont Bridge, Darling Harbour, Sydney, New South Wales. (no longer open to vehicles normally)
- Swan River bridge at Fremantle proposed to be rebuilt as Combined Bridge after flood damage. 1926.
- Bloomfield Coal Loop over New England Highway near Thornton
- Menindee, New South Wales - separated in the 1970s.
- Penrith, New South Wales - separated in 1907.
- Tocumwal, New South Wales - separated in the 1980s.
- Murray Bridge, South Australia
- Paringa–Renmark, South Australia (1927)
- Echuca, Victoria–Moama, New South Wales
- Gol Gol, on Robinvale-Lette line, 1927, rail line stillborn.
- Qatar–Bahrain Friendship Bridge for road and rail will be 45 km (28 mi) long, connecting Bahrain and Qatar.
- Wouri River bridge, in Douala - almost unservicable because of poor condition
- Bonabéri - Douala over Wouri River esturary
- British Columbia
- Derwent Way Bridge, Delta–New Westminster
- Mission Railway Bridge, Mission–Abbotsford; Rail only since the opening of the road only Mission Bridge
- Nova Scotia
- Alexandra Bridge, Ottawa until the tracks were removed
- Prince Edward Viaduct, Toronto since 1966 when the subway was commissioned on the lower deck
- Whirlpool Rapids Bridge, Niagara Falls, Ontario, carries passenger rail on the upper level, commuter autos on the lower level between Ontario and New York
- St. Louis Bridge - 1915 rail only; 1928 road-rail; 1983; road only.
- Canadian Northern Railway Bridge (Prince Albert) - 1909 - 1960 road-rail; 1960 rail only;
- also a swing bridge 1909-1939
- Crooked Bridge - 1930
- CPR Bridge (Saskatoon) rail 1908; rail and pedestrian 1909
Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Kongolo Bridge
- Brazzaville–Kinshasa Bridge - proposed
- Matadi Bridge - railway yet to be used. Built 1983. Angola would like to use this bridge to reach their exclave of Cabinda.
- Bechyně. In 1928 a bridge was constructed to carry the railway line and road from Tábor into Bechyně. Previously the line had stopped on the other side of a deep gorge from the town and access was by way of a steep road and narrow bridge. The rail line runs in the roadway for 100 m and traffic stopped by lights as for a grade crossing.
- Shanghai Yangtze River Tunnel and Bridge (space reserved for metro)
- Great Belt Fixed Link, the Western Bridge.
- Little Belt Bridge
- Oresund Bridge
- Masnedsund Bridge
- Storstrøm Bridge
- King Frederik IX Bridge
- King Christian X Bridge in Sønderborg, railway closed.
- Oddesund Bridge
- Hadsund Bridge, railway closed, bridge replaced.
- Suez Canal road rail bridge at El Hammad
- Cize-Bolozon viaduct on the Ligne du Haut-Bugey built 1882, destroyed by the maquis in 1945, rebuilt 1950
- Pont Morand, Lyon
- Pont de Recouvrance, Brest - road & tramway - includes lifting span
- On Viti Levu the CSR Company was obliged to provide road-rail bridges when it built bridges for the Cane Trains to their sugar mills, e.g. the two largest bridges over the Ba and Sigatoka Rivers. Many are now rail-only as separate road bridges has been built.
- The Ba Bridge (550 ft; 170 m) has 19 spans, 17 standard spans (30 ft; 9 m) and a short span at each end, and has been rail-only for many years. The Sigatoka Bridge (810 ft; 245 m) has 27 spans. Both bridges are prone to hurricane damage due to extra flow of water; the Ba Bridge often disappears under water but is not always damaged (see Cane Trains).
- Sigatoka Bridge was washed away by storms, January 2009.
- Unknown location with YouTube movie
- Fehmarn Sound bridge
- The planned Fehmarn Belt bridge Germany/Denmark
- Lindaunis Bridge
- Moselbrücke Bullay - double deck road and rail bridge
- Elbbrücke Lauenburg
- Lantau Link
- Hoi Wong Road across Tuen Mun River estuary
- Kwun Tong Road over Tsui Ping Nullah
- Castle Peak Road-Hung Shui Kiu over Hung Shui Kiu River
- Godavari Bridge, Andhra Pradesh
- Naranarayan Setu, Assam
- Saraighat Bridge, Assam
- Koilwar Bridge, Bihar
- Rajendra Setu, Bihar
- Farakka Barrage, West Bengal
- Vivekananda Setu, West Bengal
- Great Seto Bridge, JR Shikoku
- Kansai International Airport Connecting Bridge (Sky Gate Bridge R), JR West and Nankai Railway
- Murayama Bridge, Nagano Electric Railway
- Rainbow Bridge, Yurikamome
- Inuyama Bridge - separated in 2000.
- Ponte de Sai Van (space reserved for a rail-link in future)
- The Dona Ana Bridge has carried rail and road traffic, but not at the same time.
- Alexandra - Manuherikia River, Central Otago Line - single level, shared deck (rail closed)
- Okahukura - between Taumarunui and Ohura - two level, road under rail
- Pekatahi - between Edgecumbe and Taneatua - single level, shared deck (rail disused)
- Taramakau River - Ross Branch - single level, shared deck
- Hindon, New Zealand - Taieri Gorge Railway - single level - converted from rail only
- Sutton, near Middlemarch, New Zealand - Taieri Gorge Railway - single level
- Napier - Palmerston North - Gisborne Line - single level, separate decks (road closed)
- Inangahua - Stillwater - Westport Line - single level, separate decks
- Arahura, near Hokitika - Ross Branch - single level, separate decks (replaced single level, shared deck bridge)
- Seddon - Main North Line over Awatere River - two level, road under rail (road closed in November 2007); see picture above of TranzCoastal crossing the bridge in April 2007
- Arahura River - between Greymouth and Hokitika - single level - replaced in 2009
- Blackball combined
- Rakaia - separated in 1939
- Waitaki - Separated around the late 1950s
- Wairoa River - due to road bridge washaway 2008
- Rødberg Bridge carried the now closed Numedal Line to its terminus in Rødberg and the highway continuing to Geilo over Upsetelva in the center of Rødberg. The rails are still in place, covered by tarmac. There has been no rail traffic on Numedalsbanen since 1988. The railway is in the road, so car traffic had to stop when trains were passing.
- Bruhaug Bridge, also on Numedal Line carried both the railway and local car traffic over the river Numedalslågen. The road surface is wood.
- Hølendalen Bridge, near Moss. Motorway and railway, parallel separate bridges.
- Nygård Bridge in Bergen carries both the Bergen Light Rail and a street. A parallel bridge carries European Route E39.
- See above (under Bahrain)
- Manampitiya Bridge over the Mahaweli River - This narrow bridge is used only for rail since 2006.
- Oddamavadi Bridge (Valaichchenai Bridge) across Valaichchenai lagoon in Eastern Province. - Railway-only since April 2010
- Oresund Bridge - 8 km long two-level bridge. Road (four lane) on top, rail (two tracks) below.
- In the sparsely populated part of Sweden there are some narrow same-track combined road-rail bridges:
- Traneberg Bridge - in Stockholm, combined road and subway/metro rail bridge.
- Skanstull Bridge - in Stockholm, combined road and subway/metro rail bridge.
- Lidingöbron - 1 km long parallel road and rail (separate bridges). The road bridge was built 1971; before that the old bridge had road and double track railway in the same carriageway.
- Rama VI Bridge (separated in 2003)
- Ashton Swing Bridge Preston. Crosses Preston Dock lock. Road traffic and pedestrians controlled by barriers from the lock control room. Still used by The Ribble Steam Railway and tour trains visiting from the main line, still running in 2012 the bridge is used for delivery of bitumen by railway to the Preston Total Bitumen plant. On arrival from Total’s oil refinery in Immingham, North Lincolnshire, the tankers are parked at the exchange sidings. The steam railway staff divide the trains and shunt the tankers into Total Bitumen's siding for the bitumen processing and distribution plant, later reforming the trains for their return journey to Immingham.
- Britannia Bridge Robert Stephenson's famous bridge across the Menai Strait in Wales. Rebuilt as a road and rail bridge after the fire in 1970.
- High Level Bridge Newcastle upon Tyne.
- King George V Bridge, Keadby, North Lincolnshire. Carries the A18 and the Doncaster–Scunthorpe railway across the River Trent. Opened in 1916, Althorpe railway station is on the western bank of the Trent, very close to the bridge, which has not lifted for some years.
- Belfast cross-harbour bridge, opened 1994-1995. See The Motorway Archive
- Kingsferry road and rail bridge, Isle of Sheppey. Built in 1960, until 2006 this was the only road crossing to the island. The bridge opens 20 times each day.
- Britannia Bridge, Porthmadog, Wales, on the Welsh Highland Railway, Shared by this narrow gauge line and the main road through the town.
- Runcorn Railway Bridge - rail shared with pedestrians
- Connel Bridge, near Oban, Scotland, was shared until the railway closed in the 1960s. A cantilever bridge.
- Ashton Avenue Bridge, Bristol road rail swing bridge.
- Queen Alexandra Bridge, still in road (A1231) use across the River Wear between Deptford and Southwick in Sunderland, mineral railway abandoned in 1921 after 12 years' use.
- Newhaven Harbour, East Sussex, swing bridge standard gauge harbour branch shared with main coast road to Brighton, closed about 1962.
- I Street Bridge carries two tracks of Amtrak/Union Pacific Railroad and two lanes of State Route 16 between Sacramento and West Sacramento.
- San Francisco - Oakland Bay Bridge carried two tracks of Key System between San Francisco and Oakland from 1936 until 1963.
- Mare Island Causeway is a lift bridge that links Mare Island to Vallejo, California, carrying a railroad track and a street.
- Acosta Bridge - Carries two monorail tracks for the JTA Skyway and six lanes of State Road 13 in Jacksonville.
- Lake Street Bridge - rail on upper deck (CTA Green & Pink Line) road on lower deck, bascule bridge.
- McKinley Bridge - rail removed in 1978.
- Wells Street Bridge - rail on upper deck (CTA Brown & Purple Line Express), road on lower deck, bascule bridge.
- Fort Madison Toll Bridge - rail on lower deck, road on upper deck
- Government Bridge - rail on upper deck, road on lower deck, swing-span bridge
- Keokuk Rail Bridge - rail on lower deck, disused road on upper deck, swing-span bridge above Lock and Dam No. 19.
- Kentucky & Indiana Terminal Bridge - Truss bridge between Louisville, Kentucky and New Albany, Indiana over the Ohio River. Road portion closed in 1979 when roadway collapsed under an overweight truck.
- Almonaster Avenue Bridge - Bascule drawbridge in New Orleans, Louisiana
- Florida Avenue Bridge - Vertical lift drawbridge in New Orleans, Louisiana
- Huey P. Long Bridge - Truss bridge in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana.
- Huey P. Long Bridge - Truss bridge in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
- St. Claude Avenue Bridge - former road and rail bridge, nowadays it serves automotive and pedestrian traffic. New Orleans
- Longfellow Bridge - Four lane road with two subway tracks running down the centre of the bridge connecting Boston and Cambridge over the Charles River.
- Portage Lake Lift Bridge connecting Hancock and Houghton. The world's heaviest and largest double deck vertical lift bridge. 4-lane road on upper deck, rail on lower deck (converted to trail). The lower deck was also paved so the bridge could be placed in an intermediate position to allow road traffic only.
- Oliver Bridge connecting Duluth, Minnesota and Oliver, Wisconsin. Rail on upper deck, road on lower deck.
- Washington Avenue Bridge - in Minneapolis, MN across the Mississippi River. Opened in 1965, rail (Green Line light rail) added in 2011.
- Second Hannibal Bridge in Kansas City, Missouri across the Missouri River. Opened in 1917, had a road deck until 1956, when another bridge was built, but the rail deck is presently in use. Evidence of the road deck is still plainly visible.
- ASB Bridge in Kansas City, Missouri, across the Missouri River. Opened in 1911, it carried vehicular traffic until 1987, when new span was built. Bridge is unique that lower part is a vertical lift drawbridge, while without interrupting traffic on the upper deck.
- Eads Bridge in St. Louis, Missouri across the Mississippi River. Opened in 1874. It carries the road traffic on the upper deck and the St. Louis MetroLink on the lower deck.
- Broadway Bridge - Road and elevated subway (the 1 line) bridge in New York City
- Manhattan Bridge - Road and elevated subway (B, D, N, Q lines) bridge in New York City
- Queensboro Bridge - A road bridge that also carried elevated subway service until the early 1940s.
- Williamsburg Bridge - Road and elevated subway (J, M, Z lines) bridge in New York City
- Whirlpool Rapids Bridge, Niagara Falls, New York, carries passenger rail on the upper level, commuter autos on the lower level between Ontario and New York
- Clay Wade Bailey Bridge/C&O Railroad Bridge - Cincinnati, Ohio to Newport, Kentucky over the Ohio River. (Technically, these are two separate bridges, but they are spaced very closely adjacent to each other and built on common piers.)
- Steel Bridge - A through truss, double lift bridge across the Willamette River in Portland, Oregon Carrying pedestrian, rail, automobile, bus, MAX Light Rail and vintage streetcar making it one of the most multi-modal bridges in the world.
- Benjamin Franklin Bridge - Suspension bridge carrying I-676 and PATCO Speedline trains between Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Camden, New Jersey.
- Amu Darya Bridge is the first bridge between Khorezm and Karakalpakstan, opened March 2004. It only has one track with the rails embedded into tarmac, used for trains and cars, one direction at a time, and is 681 m long. It now doubles the pontoon bridge that was the only link between Khorezm and the rest of Uzbekistan.
- See above for the cross-border bridge to Afghanistan
- Bangladesh - Padma bridge
- Germany/Denmark - Fehmarn Belt bridge
- Italy - Messina Bridge
- Republic of the Congo - Democratic Republic of the Congo - Brazzaville-Kinshasa Bridge
- Yemen - Djibouti - Bridge of the Horns
- Botswana - Zambia - Kazungula bridge - 2010
- Sunda Strait - Indonesia
- Venezuela - Nigale Bridge ( Maracaibo Lake )
- "ROAD AND RAILWAY BRIDGE.". The Mercury (Hobart, Tas. : 1860-1954) (Hobart, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 16 June 1937. p. 6. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- Motive Power April 2009, page 117
- Light Railways - #199
- "FREMANTLE BRIDGE.". Examiner (Launceston, Tas. : 1900-1954) (Launceston, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 9 September 1926. p. 4 Edition: DAILY. Retrieved 1 July 2011.
- [Rail Graphics North Atlas p72]
- "THE PARINGA BRIDGE.". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 28 January 1927. p. 14. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- Australian Railway History June 2013, page 10
- Railway Gazette International July 2013, pg 10
- Freight Railways, Freight Transport & Rail Cargo - RailServe.com
- Cameroonian Railways
- Railway Gazette International September 2012, p42
- http://railwaysafrica.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=3236&Itemid=36[not in citation given]
- "TROOP MOVES IN SUEZ.". The Sun-Herald (Sydney, NSW : 1953 - 1954) (Sydney, NSW: National Library of Australia). 24 January 1954. p. 80. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- Today's Railway Europe #214, p15
- The Weekend Australian January 17–18, 2009 p16
- "MOSELLE BRIDGE.". The West Australian (Perth, WA : 1879 - 1954) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 17 February 1945. p. 6. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- "No title.". Advocate (Burnie, Tas. : 1890 - 1954) (Burnie, Tas.: National Library of Australia). 4 October 1950. p. 6. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- "THE MONT CENIS RAILWAY.". The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954) (NSW: National Library of Australia). 29 October 1868. p. 3. Retrieved 1 January 2013.
- "NAZIS THROWN FROM WALCHEREN: 15th ARMY COMPLETELY ROUTED.". Army News (Darwin, NT : 1941 - 1946) (Darwin, NT: National Library of Australia). 8 November 1944. p. 1. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- "Historic West Coast bridge replaced". stuff.co.nz. 11 December 2009. Retrieved 21 December 2009.
- "N. Zealand Rivers Burst Into Flood Overnight.". Sunday Times (Perth, WA : 1902 - 1954) (Perth, WA: National Library of Australia). 28 May 1950. p. 2. Retrieved 7 March 2012.
- NZ Railway Observer March 2009, pg 239
- "No title.". Cairns Post (Qld. : 1909 - 1954) (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 25 July 1932. p. 10. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
- Railway Gazette International July 2013, pg 10
- Railway Gazette International Dec 2012, p16
- "CROCODILE ON BRIDGE.". Western Argus (Kalgoorlie, WA : 1916 - 1938) (Kalgoorlie, WA: National Library of Australia). 2 January 1934. p. 12. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
- http://maps.google.com/maps?q=Mare+Island+Causeway&sourceid=Mozilla-search Google Maps
- http://www.railpage.com.au/f-t11345902-s30.htm Dhaka - Khulna
- Railway Gazette International June 2012 p25