Roads in Kerala

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Kerala, southern most state of India has a good network of roads. It has nine National Highways, number of State Highways and many district roads.

The Network of National Highways in Kerala

Agency Wise Distribution of Road Length during 2009-10[1][edit]

Sl. No. Name of Department/Agency Length (KM) Percentage
1 Panchayats 104257 68.748
2 PWD (R&B) 23242 15.32
3 Municipalities 8917 5.88
4 Corporation 6644 4.381
5 Forests 4075 2.689
6 Irrigation 2664 1.757
7 National Highways† 1525 1.006
8 Others (Railways,KSEB) 328 0.216
Total 151652 100

NHAI maintains 444.9 km and Kerala PWD (NH) section maintains rest of the National Highways from direction of MORTH

District-wise and Category-wise Length of Roads Maintained by PWD (R&B) as on 31-3-2010[2]

Sl.No Name of District State Highways Major District Roads Total
1 Thiruvananthapuram 180.36 1471.942 1652.302
2 Kollam 123.79 1748.734 1872.524
3 Alappuzha 170.841 1032.485 1203.326
4 Pathanamthitta 249.194 1044.856 1294.05
5 Kottayam 406.531 2610.234 3016.765
6 Idukki 998.372 1402.688 2401.06
7 Ernakulam 325.206 1744.788 2069.994
8 Thrissur 374.033 1291.58 1665.613
9 Palakkad 245.987 1338.263 1584.25
10 Malappuram 374.764 1421.446 1796.21
11 Kozhikode 377.173 928.677 1305.85
12 Wayanad 128.955 637.397 766.352
13 Kannur 244.665 1453.196 1697.861
14 Kasaragode 141.78 773.772 915.552
Total 4341.651 18900.058 23241.709

National Highways[edit]

Kerala has eight National Highways which run for about 1457 km. Kerala has narrower National Highways compared to other parts of India. Kerala is the only state, other than Goa, which has requested for narrower highways in the state. NHAI upgrades highways to a minimum 4-lane, 60-meter-wide, grade-separated highway or a better standard across India. But in Kerala, National Highways are being upgraded to 45-meter-wide highways.[3] Now Kerala State Government has requested NHAI to reduce the width of National highways in state to 30-meters, although neighbouring Karnataka and Tamil Nadu are upgrading their National Highways as 60-meters or more wider highways, with futuristic provision for 6/8-lane highway.[4] NHAI has stopped working on many of the highway widening/upgrade projects as there are protest against it in the state.

The PalakkadThrissurKochi stretch of NH 47 is a part of North-South and East-West Corridor of the Indian highway system.There was a proposal for construction of standalone ring road/bypasses around Tiruvananthapuram City under NHDP Phase VII. Due to the present land acquisition crisis, NHAI stopped the feasibility study into the oncoming project under NHDP–Phase-III scheme in the stretch of NH-47.

S.No. New NH No. Route Length (km.)
1 66 Thalapadi -Kaliyakkavila 669.437
2 85 Bodimettu - Kundannoor 167.61
3 183 Kottarakkara - Kumily 190.3
4 185 Adimali -Cheruthoni- Painavu -Kumily (NH -183) 98
5 183A Adoor - Kaipattoor - Pathanamthitta - Lahai-Vandiperiyar 145
6 544 Valayar - Edappally 160
7 744 Kollam - Kazhuthuritty 81.28
8 766 Kozhikode - Muthanga 117.6
9 966 Ferokh - Palakkad 125.304
10 966A Kalamassery - Vallarpadam 17
11 966B Kundannoor - Willington Island 5.92

National Highway 17[edit]

Declared as a National Highway in March 1972, NH 17 (total length in Kerala being 421 km out of total 1269 km) enters the State at Thalapadi in the northern District of Kasaragod bordering with Karnataka state and joins NH 47 at Edappally in Kochi.

NH 17 crosses the Chaliyar River in Feroke, Bharathappuzha in Kuttippuram and the Periyar River in Varappuzha among major Kerala rivers. NH 17 takes a western sharp turn in Kuttippuram towards the coastal front, then reaches Edappalli along the shores of Arabian Sea. It nearly merges with the Arabian Sea in Thalassery in Kannur District, previous instance being at Maravanathe in Karnataka, during its journey. The Southern Railway line nearly follows the NH from Thalappadi to Kuttippuram and then it separates. Major towns where the railway line touches NH 17 are Kazaragod, Kanhangad, Payyannur, Kannur, Thalassery, Mahe (Part of Union Territory of Puthusseri, Vadakara, Koyilandi, Kozhikode, Kuttippuram and Edappalli). The bypasses in NH 17 are at Kannur, Vadakara, Kozhikode and Kodungallur, with proposals at Thalassery - Mahe, Quilandy and North Paravur. The existing road from Kuttippuram to Thrissur via Edappal, Changaramkulam, Perumpilavu and Kunnamkulam, against popular belief, is not part of NH 17. This 53 km stretch is State Highway 69.

Connecting towns in Kerala

Manjeshwar - Kasaragod - Neeleswaram - Kanhangad - Payyannur -Taliparamba - Kannur - Thalassery - Mahe - Vadakara - Quilandy - Kozhikode - Feroke - Ramanattukara - Kottakkal - Valancheri -Kuttippuram - Thrikkanapuram - Ponnani - Chavakkad - Thriprayar - Kodungallur - North Paravur - Edapally

Recent developments

421 km of NH-17 in Kerala has been identified for the development under Phase III B of NHDP.[5] Construction of North Paravur two lane in progress. The stretch from Kozhikode to Kutttippuram is one of the busiest traffic corridors in Kerala, only next to the Thrissur—Eranakulam stretch of National Highway 47 as it feeds traffic to commercial hub of Kochi from northern part of Kerala, Karnataka, Goa and Maharashtra.

National Highway 47[edit]

National Highway 47 enters Kerala at Walayar near Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu and leaves at Kaliyikkavila in Thiruvananthapuram District. The total Length in Kerala is 416 km (167 km being part of the 7,300 km North-South and East-West Corridor).

Connecting towns in Kerala

Walayar - Palakkad - Alathur - Vadakkencherry - Mannuthy(Thrissur Bypass) - Chalakudy - Angamaly - Aluva - Kalamassery - Edapally(Kochi Bypass) - Vytilla(Kochi Bypass) - Cherthala - Alappuzha - Haripad - Kayamkulam - Ochira -Karunagappally - Kollam - Kottiyam - Chathannoor - Parippally - Attingal - Kazhakkuttam(Trivandrum Bypass) - Neyyattinkara - Parassala

Recent developments

103.6 km Cherthala to Thrissur is a four-lane road and is part of the NHAI North-South and East-West Corridor (Kochi-Walayar Section).[6] 30 km Mannuthy(Thrissur)-Vadakkencherry (six lane) Phase II of NHDP.[7] 58 km Vadakkancherry-Walayar (four lane) Phase II of NHDP.[7] 230 km (Cherthala - Ochira - Kerala/TN Border)of NH-47 has been identified for the development under Phase IIIA of NHDP.[8]

Government of Kerala and Union Ministry have jointly decided to share the project costs for Kollam Bypass and Alappuzha bypass. 13 km long Kollam Bypass will costs Rs.267 crore and Rs.257 crore for Alappuzha bypass.[9]

National Highway 47A[edit]

National Highway 47A, also known as NH 47A, is the shortest highway in the Indian Highway network. It covers a distance of 6 km (3.7 mi) between Kundannoor and Willingdon Island in Kochi, Kerala.

National Highway 47C[edit]

National Highway 47C or NH 47C starts at Kalamassery (junction with NH 47) and ends at Vallarpadam International Container Transhipment Terminal in Kochi, Kerala, India. The total length of the highway is 17 km (11 mi) and runs only in Ernakulam district of Kerala.

National Highway 49[edit]

Declared as a National Highway in February 1989, NH49 enters the State at Bodimettu (km 119/017) and joins NH 47, ending at Kundanoor (km 286/600) in Kochi Bypass.Three bypasses are to be constructed at Trippunithura, Muvattupuzha and Kothamangalam. This National Highway passes through the famous tourist centre at Munnar. From Bodimettu to Neryamangalam (km.200), it passes through the high ranges of Western Ghats.

NH49 when properly established can connect Kochi till Rameshwaram-Dhanushkodi at the tip of the Bay of Bengal Sea, close to Sri Lanka.

Connecting towns in Kerala

Pettah Junction(Thrippunithura)- Thiruvankulam-PuthenKuriz- Kolenchery- Muvattupuzha- Kothamangalam- Neriamangalam- Adimali- Munnar- Devikulam

National Highway 183A[edit]

Declared a National Highway in March 2014, NH 183A runs from Adoor to Vandiperiyar . Via Anandapally - Thatta - Kaipattoor - Omalloor - Pathanamthitta - Mylapra - Mannarakulanji - Kumplampoika - Vadasserikkara - Perunad - Laha - Vandiperiyar.

National Highway 208[edit]

Declared a National Highway in January 1999, NH 208 enters the State at Aryankavu and joins NH 47 at Kollam. There are 18 minor bridges and one major bridge.

National Highway 212[edit]

Declared a National Highway in July 1999, NH 212 runs from Kollegal to Calicut. Via Gundelpet - Sulthan Bathery, kalpetta, Vythiri, Tamaraserry, Koduvally . Enters the State at Muthanga and joins NH 17 at Kozhikode. Last 17 km in Ghat section passes through forest land.

National Highway 213[edit]

Declared a National Highway in July 1999, NH 213 starts at Ramanattukara near Kozhikode and joins NH 47 at Palakkad.

Connecting towns in Kerala

Ramanattukara - Kondotty - Malappuram - Perinthalmanna - Mannarkkad - Palakkad joins NH-47

National Highway 220[edit]

Declared a National Highway in October 2000, the highway starts at Kollam on NH 47 and terminates at Teni on NH 49 in the State of Tamil Nadu.

State Highways[edit]

There are 77 state highways in Kerala. Of them, MC Road (Main-Central Road), proposed Hill Highway (Kerala) and Main Eastern Highway are the largest. The respective State Highway number is displayed on the top of all milestones (black in colour in green background) on the respective road. The Kerala State Transport Project, costing 336 million US dollars (Rs 1612 crores) - of which World Bank financing is US $ 255 million (Rs 1224 crores) and State's contribution is US $ 79.00 million(Rs 388 crores), aims to improve traffic flow and road safety on Kerala State's primary road network, and to strengthen the institutional and financial capacity of Kerala's key transport sector agencies.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Economic review 2010". 
  2. ^ "Economic review 2010". Retrieved June 21, 2011. 
  3. ^ http://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/highway-authority-projects-hit-road-block-in-kerala-goa-bengal-112031100019_1.html
  4. ^ http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/news/states/keralas-move-to-restrict-road-width-draws-flak/article5101305.ece
  5. ^ "Chainage Chart of NHDP Phase III-B". National Highways Authority of India. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  6. ^ "National Highways Development Project - Phase I". National Highways Authority of India. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  7. ^ a b "North South & East West Corridor - Project Implementation Phase - II". National Highways Authority of India. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  8. ^ "Chainage Chart of NHDP Phase III-A". National Highways Authority of India. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  9. ^ Decks cleared for bypass work at Kollam, Alappuzha

External links[edit]