Roan Mountain, Tennessee

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This article is about the community of Roan Mountain, Tennessee, a census-designated place. For the nearby state park, see Roan Mountain State Park.
Roan Mountain, Tennessee
CDP
The alpine Roan Mountain Rhododendrons Gardens are located above the community of Roan Mountain.
The alpine Roan Mountain Rhododendrons Gardens are located above the community of Roan Mountain.
Motto: Nature's beauty at its best
Location of Roan Mountain, Tennessee
Location of Roan Mountain, Tennessee
Coordinates: 36°11′39″N 82°4′6″W / 36.19417°N 82.06833°W / 36.19417; -82.06833Coordinates: 36°11′39″N 82°4′6″W / 36.19417°N 82.06833°W / 36.19417; -82.06833
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Carter
Area
 • Total 6.6 sq mi (17.2 km2)
 • Land 6.6 sq mi (17.2 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 6,286 ft (786 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,360
 • Density 210/sq mi (79/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 37687
Area code(s) 423
FIPS code 47-63840[1]
GNIS feature ID 1299556[2]
Website http://www.roanmountain.com/

Roan Mountain is a census-designated place (CDP) in Carter County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 1,360 at the 2010 census.[3] It is part of the Johnson City Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is a component of the Johnson City–KingsportBristol, TN-VA Combined Statistical Area – commonly known as the "Tri-Cities" region.

Geography[edit]

Roan Mountain is located in northeast Tennessee at 36°11′39″N 82°4′6″W / 36.19417°N 82.06833°W / 36.19417; -82.06833 (36.194219, -82.068417)[4]. The elevation at Roan Mountain varies from 2,550 feet (780 m) in the center of the CDP to 6,285 feet (1,916 m) at the alpine summit of Roan Mountain, 7 miles (11 km) away by air.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 6.6 square miles (17.2 km²), all land.

The Doe River flows from the northern slopes of Roan Mountain, through Roan Mountain State Park and the center of town, and into the confluence with the Watauga River at Elizabethton.

Elk Park, North Carolina is found on the opposite (southern) side of Roan Mountain and across the Tennessee-North Carolina state line.

History[edit]

The East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad ("Tweetsie") passed through the town until it ceased operations in 1950.

Education[edit]

Cloudland Elementary School and Cloudland High School are located in Roan Mountain.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,160 people, 484 households, and 351 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 60.4/km² (156.4/sq mi) and there were 539 housing units at an average density of 72.7/sq mi (28.0/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 99.48% White, 0.26% African American, 0.09% Native American, and 0.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.17% of the population.

There were 484 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 14.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 24.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $17,813, and the median income for a family was $24,524. Males had a median income of $19,044 versus $20,792 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $12,046. About 23.4% of families and 27.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.4% of those under age 18 and 26.4% of those age 65 or over.

Culture[edit]

The Roan Mountain Rhododendron Festival is held each summer at the lower elevation of Roan Mountain State Park, offering visitors opportunities to sample traditional foods, purchase locally handmade crafts, and listen to a variety of traditional Southern Appalachian musicians, as well as to view the alpine catawba rhododendron gardens whose blooming season usually peaks during the third or fourth weekend in June.

The Roan Mountain Hilltoppers, a well-known old-time string band performing traditional Appalachian music, hail from the Roan Mountain area. This family band has been featured at venues including the Smithsonian Museum's American Folklife Festival, the 1982 World's Fair in Knoxville, Tennessee, and the Country Music Hall of Fame in Nashville. The band has received numerous awards and recognitions, and acquired an unexpected audience after Malcolm McLaren sampled some of its music in his 1982 hit song, "Buffalo Girls." Later the Hilltoppers' home was visited by the Sex Pistols and Boy George.[5][6]

Transportation[edit]

As of 2004, US 19 splits into US 19E and US 19W in Bluff City, Tennessee. north of Elizabethton. The routes rejoin in rural Yancey County, North Carolina. While US 19W heads directly for Interstate 26 at Exits 35 and 36 in Johnson City, Tennessee, US 19E takes a 70-mile (113 km) path through the Great Smoky Mountains. US 19W breaks off I-26 shortly before the Tennessee-North Carolina border, and passes through the mountains of Yancey County, North Carolina.

Alternate US 19W is co-signed with Interstate 26 for much of its length in Tennessee. US 19E in Tennessee runs concurrently with State Route 37.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ Roan Mountain Hilltoppers, Clinch Mountain Music Fest website, accessed May 25, 2010
  6. ^ Marsha Barber, God save the Hilltoppers, Mountain XPress, Vol. 10 / Iss. 44, 06/09/2004

External links[edit]

Wild Flowers[edit]

Roan Mountain Tourism and Recreation[edit]