Roane County, West Virginia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Roane County, West Virginia
Map of West Virginia highlighting Roane County
Location in the state of West Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting West Virginia
West Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded March 11, 1856
Named for Spencer Roane
Seat Spencer
Largest city Spencer
Area
 • Total 484 sq mi (1,254 km2)
 • Land 484 sq mi (1,254 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (1 km2), 0.03%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 14,656
 • Density 31/sq mi (12/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.roanecounty.wv.gov

Roane County is a county located in the State of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,926.[1] Its county seat is Spencer.[2] The county was founded in 1856 and is named for Spencer Roane.[3]

History[edit]

Roane County was created by an act of the Virginia General Assembly on March 11, 1856. It was named for the jurist Spencer Roane of Virginia, born in Essex County April 4, 1762. The county's seat Spencer was also named for judge Roane.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 483.7 square miles (1,252.8 km2), of which 483.6 square miles (1,252.5 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km2) (0.03%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 5,381
1870 7,232 34.4%
1880 12,184 68.5%
1890 15,303 25.6%
1900 19,852 29.7%
1910 21,543 8.5%
1920 20,129 −6.6%
1930 19,478 −3.2%
1940 20,787 6.7%
1950 18,408 −11.4%
1960 15,720 −14.6%
1970 14,111 −10.2%
1980 15,952 13.0%
1990 15,120 −5.2%
2000 15,446 2.2%
2010 14,926 −3.4%
Est. 2013 14,656 −1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 15,446 people, 6,161 households, and 4,479 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 7,360 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.56% White, 0.22% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.19% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. 0.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,161 households out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.30% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 26.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 98.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,511, and the median income for a family was $29,280. Males had a median income of $28,738 versus $17,207 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,195. About 17.80% of families and 22.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.10% of those under age 18 and 15.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Town[edit]

Below is partial listing of known unincorporated communities within Roane County. A complete listing is available here

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ http://www.wvculture.org/history/wvcounties.html
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 11, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

Coordinates: 38°43′N 81°22′W / 38.72°N 81.36°W / 38.72; -81.36