Roanoke County, Virginia

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Roanoke County, Virginia
Roanoke County courthouse.JPG
Roanoke County Courthouse
Seal of Roanoke County, Virginia
Seal
Map of Virginia highlighting Roanoke County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded March 30, 1838
Named for Roanoke River
Seat Salem
Largest town Vinton
Area
 • Total 251 sq mi (650 km2)
 • Land 251 sq mi (650 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (2 km2), 0.3%
Population
 • (2010) 92,376
 • Density 363/sq mi (140/km²)
Congressional districts 6th, 9th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.roanokecountyva.gov
Footnotes: [1]

Roanoke County is a county located in the U.S. state of the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 92,376.[2] Its county seat is Salem.[3]

Roanoke County is part of the Roanoke, VA Metropolitan Statistical Area and located within the Roanoke Region of Virginia.[4]

The independent cities of Roanoke and Salem (incorporated as such in 1884 and 1968 respectively) are located within the boundaries of Roanoke County, but are not a part of the county. The incorporated town of Vinton is the only incorporated municipality within the county. While significant areas of the county are rural and mountainous, most residents live in the suburbs near Roanoke and Salem in the Roanoke Valley.

History[edit]

State historical marker for Roanoke County, Virginia

The county was established by an act of the Virginia Legislature on March 30, 1838 from the southern part of Botetourt County.[1] It was named for the Roanoke River, which in turn was derived from a Native American term for money.[5] Additional territory was transferred to Roanoke County from Montgomery County in 1845. Salem was originally the county seat.[6] When Salem became an independent city, by agreement with the county the Roanoke County Courthouse remained in Salem and the two localities share a jail. However, the County Administrative Offices were moved to the Cave Spring District.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 251.3 square miles (650.9 km2), of which 250.6 square miles (649.1 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (0.3%) is water.[7]

Districts[edit]

The county is governed by a Board of Supervisors with one representative elected from each of the five magisterial districts: Catawba, Cave Spring, Hollins, Vinton, and Windsor Hills.[8] Vinton is an incorporated town with an elected town council and town manager.[9]

Adjacent Counties and Cities[edit]

Nationally Protected Areas[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 5,499
1850 8,477 54.2%
1860 8,048 −5.1%
1870 9,350 16.2%
1880 13,105 40.2%
1890 30,101 129.7%
1900 15,837 −47.4%
1910 19,623 23.9%
1920 22,395 14.1%
1930 35,289 57.6%
1940 42,897 21.6%
1950 41,486 −3.3%
1960 61,693 48.7%
1970 67,339 9.2%
1980 72,945 8.3%
1990 79,332 8.8%
2000 85,778 8.1%
2010 92,376 7.7%
Est. 2012 92,901 0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2012[2]

As of the census[14] of 2000, there were 85,778 people, 34,686 households, and 24,696 families residing in the county. The population density was 342 people per square mile (132/km²). There were 36,121 housing units at an average density of 144 per square mile (56/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.63% White, 3.35% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 1.61% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.39% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 34,686 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.90% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 27.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 89.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,689, and the median income for a family was $56,450. Males had a median income of $39,126 versus $26,690 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,637. About 2.70% of families and 4.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.20% of those under age 18 and 4.90% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results
Year GOP DEM Others
2008 60.0% 30,571 38.9% 19,812 1.2% 592
2004 65.1% 30,596 34.2% 16,082 0.6% 295
2000 60.1% 25,740 37.7% 16,141 2.2% 936
1996 52.5% 20,700 39.0% 15,387 8.4% 3,334
1992 50.3% 20,667 35.8% 14,704 13.9% 5,709
1988 62.6% 22,011 36.8% 12,938 0.6% 208
1984 68.6% 23,348 31.0% 10,569 0.4% 137
1980 55.8% 17,182 39.3% 12,114 5.0% 1,518
1976 50.4% 13,587 48.7% 13,120 0.9% 241
1972 77.3% 19,920 20.6% 5,318 2.1% 540
1968 58.9% 12,439 18.5% 3,902 22.7% 4,783
1964 54.8% 10,714 45.1% 8,808 0.1% 14
1960 67.3% 9,109 32.4% 4,384 0.3% 39


Education[edit]

There are five high schools located in Roanoke County. They are Cave Spring High School, Glenvar High School, Hidden Valley High School, Northside High School, and William Byrd High School.

Hollins University, a member of the Old Dominion Athletic Conference, is located in Northern Roanoke County, near the Botetourt County border.

Notable people[edit]

Notable sports figures from Roanoke County include Tiki Barber, Ronde Barber, and J. J. Redick, all of whom attended and graduated from Cave Spring High School in Southwest Roanoke County.

Communities[edit]

Town[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Jack, Pp. 6-7
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Roanoke Region of Virginia
  5. ^ Jack, P. 8
  6. ^ Jack, P. 43
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Board of Supervisors". Roanoke County, Virginia. Retrieved December 23, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Town Council". Town of Vinton. Retrieved December 23, 2010. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 5, 2014. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°16′N 80°05′W / 37.27°N 80.08°W / 37.27; -80.08