Rob Lockhart

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Sir Rob Lockhart
Born 23 June 1893
Died 1981 (aged 87 or 88)
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch British Indian Army
Years of service 1913–1952
Rank General
Commands held Southern Command, India
British Indian Army
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Malayan Emergency
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire
Military Cross

General Sir Rob McGregor MacDonald Lockhart, KCB CIE MC (23 June 1893 - 1981) was a British Indian Army general of World War II and an early Scouting notable.

Military career[edit]

Lockhart was born 23 June 1893 and educated at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst and was commissioned onto the Unattached List for Indian Army as a Second Lieutenant in the Indian Army 22 January 1913.[1] He joined the 51st Sikhs on 8 March 1914 and served in World War I.[2] He was promoted to Lieutenant on 22 April 1915, to acting Captain on 13 April 1916 to 22 April 1916, again 7 October 1916 to 20 January 1917 and to Captain on 22 January 1917.[3][4][5] He was awarded the Military Cross on 1 January 1918.[6]

Promoted to Major 22 January 1931,[7] he was brevetted Lieutenant-Colonel on 1 January 1933 and appointed the military attache to the Kingdom of Afghanistan from 10 March 1934 to 1 December 1935.[8][9][10] Promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel on 8 November 1936,[11] he was promoted to Colonel on 1 February 1939 (seniority 1 January 1936), and appointed Deputy Director of Staff Duties in the India Office.[8][12] from 1 February 1939 to 19 December 1939.[13]

Promoted to temporary Brigadier on 20 December 1939,[14] Lockhart served in World War II as Director of Staff Duties in the India Office from 20 December 1939 to 14 December 1941[15] when he became Military Secretary to the India Office, a position he filled until 9 July 1943.[8][16] He was promoted to acting Major-General 28 April 1941,[17] to temporary Major-General on 28 April 1942 and to the permanent rank of Major-General on 24 October 1942.[18][19] Promoted to acting Lieutenant-General on 15 April 1945, he was appointed General Officer Commanding Southern Command in India that year, and was promoted to lieutenant-general on 23 November (seniority 3 April 1944).[8][20] [21] He was appointed acting Governor of the North West Frontier in India on 19 June 1947.[22]

On 15 August 1947, the day India became independent, Lockhart was appointed Commander-in-Chief, India with the acting rank of General.[23] He was promoted to General on 1 September (seniority 1 July 1945).[24] He retired on 1 October 1948 but was recalled as Director of Operations during the Malaya Emergency between 1951 and 1952.[25]

He became Deputy Chief Scout for the Boy Scouts Association from 1951 to 1961. He served on the World Scout Committee of the World Organization of the Scout Movement from 1953 to 1959. He was awarded the Bronze Wolf Award, the only distinction of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, awarded by the World Scout Committee for exceptional services to world Scouting, in 1961.

References[edit]

  1. ^ London Gazette 21 January 1913
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 28849. p. 5455. 14 July 1914. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 29186. p. 5526. 8 June 1915. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 30453. p. 163. 1 January 1918. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 30084. p. 4946. 22 May 1917. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  6. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 30563. p. 2974. 5 March 1918. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  7. ^ Half Yearly Army List January 1946 p.50
  8. ^ a b c d Sir Robert Lockhart at Generals.dk
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33899. p. 51. 3 January 1933. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  10. ^ Half Yearly Army List January 1946 p.50
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 34360. p. 343. 15 January 1937. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: no. 34620. p. 2826. 28 April 1939. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  13. ^ Half Yearly Army List January 1946 p.50
  14. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 34858. p. 3175. 24 May 1940. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  15. ^ Half Yearly Army List January 1946 p.126
  16. ^ Half Yearly Army List January 1946 p.50
  17. ^ Half Yearly Army List January 1946 p.50
  18. ^ The London Gazette: no. 35883. p. 559. 29 January 1943. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  19. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 35844. p. 79. 29 December 1942. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  20. ^ The London Gazette: no. 37118. p. 2908. 8 June 1945. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  21. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 37462. p. 895. 8 February 1946. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  22. ^ The London Gazette: no. 38007. p. 3074. 4 July 1947. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  23. ^ The London Gazette: no. 38041. p. 3739. 8 August 1947. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  24. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 38134. p. 5636. 25 November 1947. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  25. ^ The London Gazette: no. 38431. p. 5447. 15 October 1948. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Sydney Muspratt
Military Secretary to the India Office
1941–1943
Succeeded by
George Molesworth
Preceded by
Sir Noel Beresford-Peirse
GOC-in-C, Southern Command, India
1945 – 1947
Succeeded by
Post disbanded
Preceded by
Sir Claude Auchinleck
Commander-in-Chief, India
1947
Succeeded by
Sir Roy Bucher
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Olaf Kirkpatrick Caroe
Governor of the North-West Frontier Province
1947
Succeeded by
Sir George Cunningham