Rob du Bois

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Rob du Bois in 2012

Rob du Bois (28 May 1934 – 28 August 2013) was a Dutch composer, pianist, and jurist.

Background and education[edit]

Rob (Robert Louis) du Bois was born in Amsterdam. His French ancestry can be seen from his name, and he maintained a sympathy for the French mentality and language (Vetter 1966). After graduating from the Vossius Gymnasium in Amsterdam he studied law at the Gemeentelijke Universiteit in the same city. He began studying music with Chris Rabé at the Volksmuziekschool, later taking piano lessons, initially with Hans Sachs, and later with T. Hart Nibbrig–de Graeff. He decided to become a composer after hearing two symphonies by Matthijs Vermeulen in 1949. As a composer he was self-taught, with influences especially from his contact during the 1950s with the composers Kees van Baaren and Daniel Ruyneman (Anon. 1999; Ramaer 2001a).

Musician[edit]

In 1959, Bois became associated with the group of composers formed around the Gaudeamus Foundation, of which he later became a board member (Anon. 1999). He first became known outside of Holland as a composer when his music was performed at the Zagreb Biennale and the Warsaw Autumn, in both 1967 and 1969, and at the Festival of the International Society for Contemporary Music in 1967 in Prague (Anon. 1973).

In the late 1960s, Bois became a performing member of the ICP (Instant Composers Pool), which had been founded in 1967 by saxophonist Willem Breuker, pianist Misha Mengelberg, and drummer Han Bennink (Whitehead 2002). It was for Breuker that du Bois composed the Breuker Concerto in 1967, a work for two clarinets, four saxophones, and 21 strings, which was premiered by Breuker with the Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra (Buzelin and Buzelin 1992, 43). Du Bois played keyboards in a number of ICP projects, including Breuker’s grandiose February 1969 “happening”, Mozart Opera, which also featured Derek Bailey on guitar, Paul Rutherford and Willem van Manen on trombones, and Han Bennink on drums (Buzelin and Buzelin 1992, 36). In 1972, du Bois alternated with Louis Andriessen in the ensemble that accompanied viola soloist Lodewijk de Boer in performances of Breuker's Speelplan for viola, seven instruments, and live electronics, the latter performed by Michel Waisvisz (Buzelin and Buzelin 1992, 44). Bois also participated in recordings of Breuker’s music—mostly incidental music for various theatre productions—by the ICP and other groups between 1968 and 1977. Some of these were released on LP in the early 1970s, and some others more recently on a CD on Breuker’s BVHaast label.

For Dutch composers of Bois's generation, the search for a politically and socially engaged music has been of paramount importance (Wouters and Samama 2001). A number of Bois’s more militant colleagues began staging public protests, the most widely reported being the Nutcracker Action on 17 November 1969 when demonstrators disrupted a performance by the Concertgebouw Orchestra, whose activities they claimed were “maintaining an undemocratic artistic environment”. Many of the demonstrators, such as Louis Andriessen, Reinbert de Leeuw, Misha Mengelberg, and Peter Schat were Bois’s close friends and, a month or two after the Nutcracker Action, Bois led—together with Konrad Boehmer and Sytze Smit—working groups mobilised under the general leadership of Mengelberg in support of “a radical and democratic renewal of musical life” (Beer 1994).

In May 1972, Bois's music was performed by Willem Breuker and Louis Andriessen’s Orkest de Volharding, which had been formed in the wake of the 1969 anti-establishment Nutcracker Action with the object of taking contemporary music out of the concert halls and bringing it directly to ordinary people who never frequent such places (Beer 1994; Buzelin and Buzelin 1992, 68). Du Bois's Springtime for ten winds and piano (1978) was composed for de Volharding.

In 1976, the ensemble ICÉ from Hilversum, led by Will Eisma, with bass-clarinet soloist Harry Sparnaay, took Bois's composition Heliotrope (for a soloist and an optional number of accompanists, 1967) to the Wittinger Tage für neue Kammermusik, where Sparnaay created a sensation (Diederichs-Lafite 1976, 383). Bois created a number of other works especially for Sparnaay: Chemin for solo bass clarinet (1971), Fusion voor deux for bass clarinet and piano, and Iguanodon (1982), for 6 bass clarinets and 3 contrabass clarinets (Anon. 1999; Heim 1979, 20; Heim 1980, 22; Swift 1972).

Many of Bois’s other compositions have also been written for friends and colleagues. For example, his Concerto pour Hrisanide (1968–71) was composed for the Romanian composer, improviser, and piano virtuoso Alexandru Hrisanide. It quotes from Hrisanide’s own compositions, and requires the soloist to play not only piano, but an electronic organ, a toy piano, and a large tom-tom (Anon. 1973). The 1980 Sonata for violin and piano is also dedicated to Hrisanide, along with the Hungarian violinist György Hamza (who is also the dedicatee of the Concerto for Two Violins and Orchestra). Bois also composed pieces for two other Romanian musicians: the clarinetist Sonia Dumitrescu, for whom he composed Une danse pour Sonia (1973), and the viola player Vladimir Mendelssohn, for whom he wrote the Sonata for solo viola (1981) and Vladimir's Hyde-Away for viola and piano. In 1991, a group of Bois’s Romanian friends arranged a concert in Bucharest in his honour (Ramaer 2001a).

Allegro (1987) and Gaberbocchus (1996), both for the unusual combination of four pianos, were composed for Maarten Bon's Amsterdam Piano Quartet, founded in 1983. Many years earlier, Bon and Bois had both studied piano with Hans Sachs at the same time (Ramaer 2001b). Four years later, Bon revised Bois’s 1992 Song without Words no. 4.

Although he never composed an opera, Bois’s output includes two extended music-theatre works: the ballet Midas (1970), and Vandaag is het morgen van gisteren: (helaas geen sprookje) (1975), an hour-long extravaganza for soloists, children’s choir, orchestra and brass band. Bois's other larger-scale works include a Chamber Symphony for 13 winds, a Violin Concerto, a Concerto for Two Violins, and two Piano Concertos. The greatest part of his compositional output, however, consists of chamber music for a wide variety of ensembles, including four string quartets, two wind quintets, and a concerted work for solo double bass with double wind quintet. The two wind quintets (Chants en contrepoints from 1962 and Réflexions sur le jour où Pérotin le Grand ressuscitera from 1969) were both written for the Danzi Quintet, and Bois also wrote solo pieces for some of the members of this well-known ensemble: flutist Frans Vester (Muziek for solo flute, 1961), oboist Koen van Slogteren (Beams, for oboe and piano, 1979), and clarinetist Piet Honingh (Vertiges, 1987).

Bois has shown a special interest in composing for the recorder, an instrument with which he became acquainted initially from the Dutch virtuoso Frans Brüggen, for whom he wrote his first recorder piece, Muziek voor altblokfluit, in 1961. Muziek is clearly influenced by Berio’s flute Sequenza (1958), but also by the supple lyricism found in Boulez's Le marteau sans maître (Samama 2006, 254–55). This piece, based on successive transformations of a twelve-tone row, requires a level of skill that was unprecedented at the time: it employs the full chromatic range of the instrument, featuring extremes of range, rapid, difficult fingerings in complex rhythms, large dynamic changes and a modest range of extended techniques: fluttertonguing, glissando, and finger vibrato (O’Kelly 1990, 51–52; O’Kelly 1995, 157). Initially received even by professional players with dismay over its "unjustifiably" tricky rhythms, as well as its "unintelligible" formal design (Krainis 1963; Noble 1965), Muziek has come to be regarded as one of the best avant-garde works of the 1960s for the instrument (Lasocki 2001), and is considered a central work in the recorder’s 20th-century repertoire, whose technical extravagances have become "a necessary part of the training of every conservatory student" (O’Kelly 1990, 122).

When the German recorder player Michael Vetter came to Holland looking for composers to write new works for him, he introduced du Bois and his colleagues Louis Andriessen and Will Eisma to many new techniques, which du Bois explored in Spiel und Zwischenspiel for recorder and piano (1962), a work quite unlike anything previously written for recorder, which employs very high notes, harmonics, multiphonics, white noise, glissandos, and what Vetter calls "differentiated vibration techniques" (O’Loughlin 1982b, 37; O’Kelly 1990, 59 and 99–100).

Between 1960 and 1969 Bois composed a series of seven Pastorales for various instrumental combinations. (Pastorale V, for example, is his Second String Quartet, written in 1966). The numerical order does not correspond to the order of composition. Rather, the pieces are arranged so as to become increasingly remote from the character suggested by the series title (Vetter 1966). He planned the cycle to amount to nine or ten pieces in all, to conclude with a large-dimension composition combining all of the instruments used in the preceding works in the series (Vetter 1966). By far his best-known and often-recorded work is the last work in this series, Pastorale VII (1964) for solo recorder, which employs aleatory techniques and is based on a motivic distribution and filtering of several dense chords. It was Pastorale VII that convinced Louis Andriessen to authorise a recorder version of his Paintings for flute and piano, since he felt the recorder had more potential than the flute for producing new and exciting sounds (O’Loughlin 1982b, 37; O’Kelly 1990, 59 and 95; Vetter 1966). Pastorale II (begun in 1963 but completed only in 1969) also includes the alto recorder, together with flute and guitar.

More recently, Bois composed two pieces for the Dutch recorder virtuoso Baldrick Deerenberg: Adagio cantabile, for tenor recorder and piano (1979), and Spellbound (1976), which bears the extraordinary subtitle: On Baldrick's 110-inch Contrabass Recorder with Extension, or: How Dorinde Got a New-born Brother.

Compositional technique and style[edit]

In general, Bois’s music includes a penchant for musical comedy and explores the humorous possibilities of avant-garde materials (Ramaer 2001). His earliest compositional style (from his earliest compositions up to the Sonatine for piano of 1960) showed the influence of Willem Pijper (Dickinson 1965, 371), but was also close to the younger generation of French composers (Vetter 1966). At this time he employed serial technique under the stylistic influence of Anton Webern as well as, amongst others, Pierre Boulez, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Luigi Nono, and Luciano Berio (Samama 2006, 251). Representative works of this period include the First String Quartet (1960), Bewegingen, for piccolo and piano (1961), and Spiel en Zwischenspiel (1962).

Tentatively in part III of Muziek voor fluit solo (1961), but especially by the time of Espaces à remplir (1963), the Deuxième série de rondeaux (1964), and Ad libitum (1965), Bois had begun including sections with degrees of improvisation (Dickinson 1965, 371; Epstein 1967, 611; McDermott 1967, 152). In these works, du Bois would fix the registers of certain pitch-complexes to create groups that dominate one or more parts, or even the entire ensemble for sections of the score. Sometimes these are twelve-tone complexes and sometimes smaller sets (what Josef Matthias Hauer called “tropes”). These groups serve as the focus of passages that may either be written out in all details, or partly improvised. Bois expertly fashions such sections, either as monolithic blocks or, by contrast, in a counterpointing of different groups (McDermott 1967, 152). Even in a fully notated score such as Muziek voor altblokfluit (1961), when working within these fixed pitch complexes du Bois said he had the feeling of improvising "like a jazz piano player" (quoted in [Brüggen] 1971). Stage layout also became an important part of the score in ensemble pieces such as Espaces a remplir (Read 1998, 125).

His treatment of rhythm became increasingly free over the course of the 1960s. Earlier on, temporal order is maintained, if only in a general way. His early Three Pieces for Clarinet (1958), for example, present metronomically specified, but flexible and varied rhythmic structures without bar lines, which nevertheless are carefully measured rhythmically (O'Loughlin 1982a, 113). However, by the mid-sixties—for example in Pour faire chanter la polonaise (1965)—rhythmic control is almost completely abandoned so far as notation is concerned, while pitch and dynamics continue to be exactly prescribed (McDermott 1967, 152).

By the early seventies, Bois had begun to incorporate quotations from earlier music, as in the Concerto pour Hrisanide (1971), or just generally familiar material, such as suddenly breaking into "traditional" melody-and-accompaniment figurations in Fusion pour deux (1971) and New Pieces for piano (1972). One of the earliest and most extreme examples is the orchestral music for the ballet Midas (1970), which contains quotations from the works of Johann Strauss, Jr., Gustav Mahler, Antonio Vivaldi, and John Blow. This return to familiar material was seen on the one hand as the emergence of "a more individual style" (Anon. 1973), displaying "a rare talent for musical comedy as well as a habit of boldly exploring the possibilities of avant-garde matter in a joyful manner" (Ramaer 2001a). On the other hand, particularly by American critics reviewing printed scores rather than performances, this was regarded as a "haphazard and sketchy" carelessness of vertical or linear movement, resulting in textures "perforated by absentminded silences" (Swift 1972)—an arbitrary and unjustified usage of clichés from the "catalog of newly-invented and already-used-up effects" in vogue at that time, as well as an indifference toward sonority, intensified by a "gaucheness of the 'traditional' passages" (Burge 1973, 361).

Although different sylistic fields often overlap in Dutch music of the 1970s and 1980s, Bois did not adopt the minimalism that became fashionable at that time in the Netherlands. His music from around 1985 is associated with that of composers such as Konrad Boehmer, Walter Hekster, Ton de Kruyf, and Jan Vriend, who are described as "post-serial" in style (Samama 2006, 315).

Prizes and distinctions[edit]

Bois received the ANV Visser Neerlandiaprijs twice: in 1966 for his work Pour deux violons and in 1964 for his Muziek voor Altblokfluit.

Jurist[edit]

In the law, Bois has specialised in author/musician rights and copyright law, and was legal counsel to (and head of the legal department of) the Dutch musicians-rights organisation BUMA (Bureau voor MuziekAuteursrecht) (Anon. 1999; Bois 1992, 3; Ramaer 2001a).

Bois was consulted by the Dutch Society of Composers in April 1974 in a widely publicized case in which the composer Hans Kox declared himself a victim of "cultural murder" after a number of music critics had unanimously savaged Kox’s opera Dorian Gray, and a group of colleagues led by Tera de Marez Oyens called on the Society to take legal action against a “conspiracy” of "shameful criticism" (Beer 2005).

In addition to his work within the Netherlands, Bois has published internationally on these subjects, and later became recognised as an authority in the area of copyright issues involved with sound sampling (Bois 1992). After his retirement from BUMA in 1994 he continued to appear at public forums in the Netherlands as an expert in copyright law and music (Beer 1998; Ramaer 2001a).

Bois died in Haarlem on 28 August 2013 (Seignette 2013).

Writings[edit]

Music[edit]

  • 1968. "Zevenentwintig informaties over de vorm." Raster 2, no. 1 (April), 95–109.
  • 1976. "And There Were Others Too (Composers in the Netherlands between the End of the First World War and 1930)". Key Notes, no. 3:46–53.
  • 1983. "Dead Pigeons Are Falling around Me". Key Notes, no. 18:20–22.
  • 1996. "Brieven". Mens en Melodie 51 (October): 464–65.

Law[edit]

  • 1978. The Author, His Work and His Copyrights Society: General Report for the Congress of the ALAI in Paris, May 29–June 3, 1978. Amsterdam: [n.p.].
  • 1988. (with J. van Santbrink and H. Spoorj) "Stijlnabootsing van Muziekwerken". Report commissioned by BUMA.
  • 1991. L'histoire de l'ALAI depuis la deuxième guerre mondiale, exprimée en resolutions, commentaires et voeux. Paris: Association Littéraire et Artistique Internationale.
  • 1992. "Les aspects juridiques du sound sampling". Bulletin du droit d’auteur (UNESCO) 26, no. 2:3–7. ISSN 0304-2928. [English version, “The Legal Aspects of Sound Sampling”, Copyright Bulletin (UNESCO) 26, no. 2:3–6; Spanish version, “Los aspectos jurídicos del muestreo de sonidos (sound sampling)”, Boletín de Derecho de Autor (UNESCO) 26, no. 2:3-7.]

Discography[edit]

Performer[edit]

  • 1971: Grusse aus Berchtesgaden: ICP (Instant Composers Pool), 1968–1970. Instant Composers Pool ICP 007/008 (2 LPs). On disc 1, Bois plays glockenspiel and organ on track 1 and piano on track 3 ("Grüsse aus Berchtesgaden" and "François le Marin", both for the play Toller, recorded 28 October 1969); piano on track 5 ("Introduction and First Entrance of the Horsemen" for the play De ruiters, recorded 28 August 1968), and organ on track 6 ("Song of the Lusitanian Bully II" for the play Gezang van de Lusitaanse bullebak, recorded 26 March 1969). On disc 2, Bois plays piano and organ on tracks 1 ("Lass mich nicht weinen IV", recorded 22 November 1969) & 6 ("Tussen de dijen van'n mokkel", recorded 8 January 1970), piano on tracks 2 ("Touches" for the play Toller, recorded 27 October 1969), 3 ("Fascinating Appie" for the play Oog om oog, tand om tand, recorded 7 February 1970) & 7 ("Five Songs from The Lusitanian Bully", for the play Gezang van de Lusitaanse bullebak, recorded 26 March 1969)
  • 2001. Willem Breuker, "The Pirate": Previously Unreleased Recordings 1969–1994. BVhaast 0301 (1 CD). Amsterdam: BVHaast. [Bois plays organ on track 1, (Overture to the play Oog om oog, tand om tand, recorded 13 February 1970), piano and synthesizer on tracks 2, 3, 6, 9 (from the incidental music for Koninkrijk, recorded March 1977), and piano and organ on track 15 (Overture to De Spaanse hoer, recorded 21 December 1969)]

Compositions[edit]

  • 1966. Opus 66: Highlights in Dutch Avant-Garde Music. Radio Nederland 109582 Y. LP recording: 1 sound disc, analog, 33⅓ rpm, stereo, 12 in. Hilversum: Radio Nederland. Bois: Quartet, for oboe, violin, viola, violoncello (Netherlands Oboe Quartet: Victor Swillens, oboe; Jan Wittenberg, violin; Adriaan van 't Wout, viola; Max Werner, cello), with music by Kruyf, Straesser, and Eisma.
  • 1972. Canti carnascialeschi. Donemus Audio-Visual Series, 1971-72: no. 4. Donemus DAVS 7172/4. LP recording: 1 sound disc, analog, 33⅓ rpm, stereo.12 in. Amsterdam: Donemus, DAVS 7172/4. Bois: Summer Music, with music by Heppener, Bruins, Borgart, Eisma, Werner, Hupperts, Voorberg, and Vlijmen
  • 1973. Opus 72. Radio Nederland 6808 107. LP recording: 1 sound disc, analog, 33⅓ rpm, stereo.; 12 in. Hilversum, Netherlands: Radio Nederland. Bois: Concerto pour Hrisanide (Alexander Hrisanide, piano, electronic organ, toy piano and tom tom; Hilversum Radio Chamber Orchestra; Roelof Krol, conductor); and works by Ton de Leeuw and Tristan Keuris.
  • 1973. Il flauto dolce e acerbo. Michael Vetter, recorder. Corona SM30020. LP recording. Reissued 1974, Moeck E.M. 10 003. LP recording. [Ludwigsburg]: Moeck. Reissued 1999 as Il flauto dolce e acerbo: Neue Musik für Blockflöte, Vol. 2. Cadenza CAD 800 850. CD recording. Rob du Bois: Pastorale VII, and music by Jürg Baur, Klaus Hashagen, Dieter Schönbach, and Michael Vetter.
  • 1975 Hans-Martin Linde spielt alte und neue Blockflötenmusik. Hans-Martin Linde, recorder; Konrad Ragossnig, guitar & lute. EMI Electrola 1 C 065-28 841. LP recording: 1 sound disc, analog, 33⅓ rpm, stereo., 12 in. Cologne: EMI Electrola. Rob du Bois: Pastorale VII, and works by Anonymous, Telemann, Bassano, Bossinensis, and Linde.
  • 1975. Music from the 1975 Holland Festival. Benita Valente; Norma Procter; René Jacobs; Alexander Oliver, tenor.; Michael Rippon; Lyne Dourian; Bernard Kruysen; Anne Fournet; Nikolaus Harnoncourt; Jean Fournet; Willem Frederik Bon. Radio Nederland 6808 401—6808 402 LP recording: 2 sound discs, analog, 33⅓ rpm, stereo, 12 in. Hilversum: Radio Nederland. Bois: Allegro, for strings, and music by Handel, Milhaud, Nico Schuyt, and Willem de Fesch.
  • 1979. Nederlandse muziek. EMI His Master's Voice: 1A 051-26331. LP recording 1 sound disc: analog, 33⅓ rpm, stereo, 12 in. Bois: Skarabee, and music by Heppener, Jurriaan Andriessen, Orthel, Frid, Breuker, Delden, Manneke, Flothuis, and Porcelijn.
  • 1985. Ein Meister der Blockflöte. Sebastian Kelber, recorder; Elza van der Ven-Ulsamer, harpsichord; Josef Ulsamer, viola da gamba; Gyula Rácz, percussion. Colosseum COL 0643. LP recording: 1 sound disc, analog, stereo, 33⅓ rpm,12 in. Nuremberg: Colosseum Music Entertainment GmbH. Rob du Bois: Pastorale VII, and works by Vivaldi, J. C. Bach, Telemann, Erhard Karkoschka, Berio, and Werner Heider.
  • 1993. Kasseler Avantgarde-Reihe I. Nadine Heydemann, recorder; Ute Landwich, piano. Mieroprint EM 6002 (1 CD). Münster: Mieroprint Musikverlag und Versandhandel. Bois: Muziek voor altblokfluit, and compositions by Hirose, Shinohara, Casken, Masuch, Rühling, and Michel.
  • 2008. Peschel, Dorit. Neue Blockflötenmusik des 20. Jahrhuderts. Audiotransit ATCD2-004 (1 CD). (Includes Pastoral VII by Rob du Bois, with works by Heider, Berio, Shinohara, Karkoschka, Riehm, Ishii, Braun, Spahn, Rühling, Martini, and Bieler.) [Germany]: C + P Audiotransit.
  • 2009. Music in Motion. Abbie de Quant (flute), Elizabeth van Malde (piano). Fineline Classical FL 72413. (Rob Du Bois: Bewegingen, with works by Prokofiev, Rachmaninov, Otar Taktakishvili, Robert Zuidam, and Sofia Gubaidulina)

Compositions[edit]

Stage[edit]

  • Midas, ballet music, for orchestra (1970)
  • Vandaag is het morgen van gisteren: (helaas geen sprookje) [Today Is the Tomorrow of Yesterday: (Alas, Not a Fairytale)], for speaking voice, soprano, SA children’s choir, orchestra, and brass band (text by Rob du Bois and Willem Jan Wegerif) (1975)

Orchestra/band[edit]

  • Allegro, for string orchestra (1973)
  • A Flower Given to My Daughter, for orchestra (1970)
  • My Daughter's Flower, for brass band (1982)
  • Simultaneous, for orchestra (1965)
  • Skarabee, for orchestra (1977)
  • Suite no. 1, for orchestra (1973)
  • Tre pezzi, for orchestra (1973)

Concertante[edit]

  • Breuker Concerto, for 4 saxophones, 2 clarinets, and 21 strings (1967)
  • Cercle, for piano, 9 wind instruments, and percussion (1963)
  • Concertino, for school orchestra (1963)
  • Concerto for piano and orchestra (1960; rev. 1968)
  • Concerto for violin and orchestra (1975)
  • Concerto for two violins and orchestra (1979)
  • Le Concerto pour Hrisanide, for piano and orchestra (1968–71)
  • Heliotrope, for a solo instrument and an optional number of accompanists (1967)
  • Vertiges, for contrabass and two wind quintets (1987)

Chamber orchestra/large ensemble[edit]

  • Espaces à remplir, for eleven musicians (1963)
  • Fleeting, for clarinet choir (1997)
  • Sinfonia da camera, for 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, contrabassoon and 4 horns (1980)
  • Springtime, for 11 musicians: piccolo, soprano-, tenor- and alto saxophone, horn, 2 trumpets, 2 trombones, tuba, and piano (1978)

Chamber music[edit]

  • Ad libitum, for violin and piano (1965)
  • Adagio cantabile, for tenor recorder and piano (1979)
  • Allegro, for four pianos (1978)
  • Amalgamated music, for 4 slide trombones (1978)
  • Ars aequi, for piano and two contrabasses (1984)
  • Autumn leaves, for guitar and harpsichord (1984)
  • Axioma, for two pianos, each four-hands (1982)
  • Bagatellen (7), for flute and piano (1971)
  • Basso doble, for contrabass and piano (1973)
  • Beams, for oboe and piano (1979)
  • Beat music, for 2 percussionists (1967)
  • Bewegingen [Movements], for piccolo and piano (1961; later rev. flute and piano)
  • Because It Is, for 4 clarinets (1973)
  • The Caretaker: Three Impressions after Harold Pinter, for alto saxophone and marimba (1986)
  • Chansons voor appâter les chéiroptères, for oboe, 2 oboes d'amore, and 2 English horns (1975)
  • Chants en contrepoints, for wind quintet (1962)
  • A Combination of Voices, for 2 pianos (1968)
  • Danses tristes (3), for horn in F and viola (1954)
  • The Dog Named Boo Has a Master Called Lobo, for clarinet, violin, and piano (1972)
  • The Eighteenth of June, for 4 saxophones (1974)
  • Elegia, for oboe d'amore, violin, viola, and cello (1980, arr. oboe d'amore and string orchestra 1995)
  • Enigma, for flute, bass clarinet, percussion, and piano (1969)
  • Forever Amber, for two guitars (1985)
  • Fünf, for oboe, clarinet, and bassoon (1996)
  • Fusion voor deux, for bass clarinet and piano (1971)
  • Gaberbocchus, for 4 pianos (1996)
  • Die Gretchenfrage, for flute and piano (2004)
  • Herman's Hide-Away, for soprano saxophone and piano (1976)
  • His Flow of Spirits Is Something Wonderful: Cheerful Music, for flute, bass clarinet, and piano (1979)
  • Hyperion, for clarinet, horn, viola, and piano (1984; rev. 1985)
  • Iguanodon, for 6 bass clarinets and 3 contrabass clarinets (1982)
  • The Independent (Fourth String Quartet) (1989–90)
  • Das Liebesverbot, for four Wagner tubas (1986)
  • Little Pieces (7), for violin and piano (1965) [transcribed from Seven Little Piano Pieces, date unknown]
  • Luna, for alto flute and piano (1987; orchestrated 1987)
  • Melody, for bass clarinet and string quartet (1974)
  • Mir träumte von einem Königskind, for horn and piano (1979)
  • Mood music, for oboe and organ (1965)
  • Musica per quattro, for horn, 2 trumpets, and trombone (1967)
  • Musique d'atelier, for bass clarinet, trombone, cello, and piano (1968; rev. 1973)
  • My River Runs to Thee, for 3 guitars (1978)
  • Night music, for flute, viola, and guitar (1967)
  • Odes (2), for violin and piano (1975) (contribution to Een suite voor De Suite, ten compositions for piano (2- and 4-handed), two pianos, and violin and piano, by ten composers)
  • Pastorale I, for oboe, clarinet, and harp (1960; rev. 1969)
  • Pastorale II, for recorder, flute, and guitar (1963–69)
  • Pastorale III, for E-flat clarinet, bongos, and contrabass (1963)
  • Pastorale V, for string quartet (String Quartet No. 2) (1966)
  • Per due, for flute and harp (1968)
  • Polonaise, for a pianist and a percussionist (1971)
  • Pour deux violons, for two violins (1966)
  • Quartet no. 1, for strings (1960)
  • Quartet no. 2, for strings [see: Pastorale V] (1966)
  • Quartet no. 3, for strings (1981)
  • Quartet no. 4, for strings [see: The Independent] (1990)
  • Quartet, for oboe, violin, violin, and cello (1960; rev. 1964)
  • Réflexions sur le jour où Pérotin le Grand ressuscitera, for wind quintet (1969)
  • Rondeaux pour deux, for piano four-hands, optional percussion and optional speaking voice (text by R. du Bois and L. Langeveld) (1962).
  • Rondeaux (Deuxième série), for piano four-hands and optional percussion (1964)
  • Rounds, for clarinet and piano (1967)
  • Sad Dances (3), for 2 violas (1954)
  • Sonata for cello and piano (1982)
  • Sonata for violin and piano (1980)
  • Songs, for violin, cello, and piano (1998)
  • Spiel en Zwischenspiel, for alto recorder and piano (1962)
  • Stukken (2) (Two Pieces), for flute, oboe, and cello (1962)
  • Summer Music, for alto saxophone, violin, and cello (1967)
  • Symphorine, for flute and string trio (1987)
  • Symposion, for oboe, violin, viola, and cello (1969)
  • Thalatta, Thalatta, for four bass flutes (1987)
  • Tracery, for bass clarinet and 4 percussionists (1979)
  • Trio for flute, oboe, and clarinet (1961)
  • Trio, for violin, viola, and cello (1967)
  • Trio agitato, for horn, trombone, and tuba (1969)
  • Ut supra, for viola and piano (1973)
  • Vladimir's Hyde Away, for viola and piano
  • Zodiak, for one or more instruments or instrumental groups (1977)

Solo instrumental[edit]

Keyboard[edit]

  • The Andino Sonata, for piano (1988)
  • Archipels for harpsichord (1974)
  • Cadences, for piano (1975)
  • Études (3), for piano (1967)
  • Four Indulgent Pieces, for piano (1988)
  • Just Like a Little Sonata, for piano (1964)
  • Kleine Klavierstücke (7) (1953; rev. 1968) [also arr. violin and piano (see: Chamber music)]
  • New Pieces, for piano (1972)
  • Pastorale VI, for piano (1964)
  • Sonatine for piano (1960)
  • Song (without words) no. 4, for piano solo (1992; rev. 2000 by Maarten Bon)
  • Voices, for piano (1966)

Other instruments[edit]

  • Chemin, for bass clarinet solo (1971)
  • Une Danse pour Sonia, for clarinet solo (1973)
  • Jeu, for oboe (1969)
  • Mercy for John Vincent Moon, for piano (1976)
  • Music for Solo Flute (1961)
  • Music for Alto Recorder (1961)
  • Music for a Slide Trombone (1968)
  • On a Lion's Interlude, for alto flute (1986)
  • Pastorale IV, for guitar (1963)
  • Pastorale VII, for alto recorder (1964)
  • Pieces (3), for clarinet (1958)
  • Quatre invocations, for bassoon solo (1976)
  • Ranta music, for a percussionist (1968; rev. 1971)
  • Sketch, for cello and piano (1968)
  • Sonata for solo viola (1981)
  • Sonata no. 1, for solo violin (1955)
  • Sonata no. 2, for solo violin (1992)
  • Souvenir, for violin (Soir pour violon) (1969)
  • Spellbound: on Baldrick's 110-inch Contrabass Recorder with Extension, or: How Dorinde Got a New-born Brother, for contrabass recorder (1976)

Vocal[edit]

  • Because Going Nowhere Takes a Long Time, for medium voice, flute and piano (text by Kenneth Patchen) (1967); version for soprano, clarinet, and piano (1969)
  • Diotima, for a singer, clarinet, viola, and piano, on a text by Friedrich Hölderlin (1984; rev. 1985)
  • Drei traurige Tänze, for alto voice and viola (texts by Stefan George’s Das Jahr der Seele) (1954)
  • Une façon de dire que les hommes de cent vingt ans ne chantent plus, for soprano, piano, and 4 percussion instruments (1963)
  • Inferno, for soprano, 2 violins, cello, and harpsichord (text by Dante Alighieri) (1974)
  • Lieder (20), for voice and piano (1951–71)
  • Pour faire chanter la polonaise for flute, soprano, and 3 pianos (1965)
  • Eine Rede, for soprano, clarinet, basset horn, and bass clarinet (text by Walther von der Vogelweide) (1974)
  • Songs of Innocence: countertenor, tenor recorder, and contrabass, on a text by Willem Jan Wegerif (1974)
  • Les Voyages de Gulliver: four fragments, for mezzo-soprano and piano (1967)
  • Words, for mezzo-soprano, flute, cello, and piano (1966)

References[edit]

  • Anon. 1972. "Urauffürungen". Musikhandel, Das Wirtschaftsmagazin für den Musikmarkt 23, no. 3:77–126.
  • Anon. 1973. "Le Concerto pour Hrisanide". Liner notes to Radio Nederland album Opus 72.
  • Anon. 1999. "Rob du Bois" on the Donemus website. Abbreviated English translation.
  • Arran, Roderick. 1981. "Muziek voor Altblokfluit: Rob du Bois". Recorder and Music Magazine 7, no. 4 (December): 91–94.
  • Baas, Beatrix. 1981. "Dutch 20th-Century Piano Music." Key Notes, no. 14: 30–43.
  • Beer, Roland de. 1994. "Tegen de toplaag, tegen de kunstpausen Het stille, cruciale effect van de Notenkrakeractie". De Volkskrant (11 November).
  • Beer, Roland de. 1998. "Diefstal, plagiaat en inspiratie op eerste evenement rond Erasmusprijs Kopje onder in de ideeënbus". De Volkskrant (2 November).
  • Beer, Roland de. 2005. "Over een opera kun je struikelen". De Volkskrant (2 June).
  • Bon, Maarten. 1999. "Het Amsterdams Pianokwartet: Les Noces (1996 première); Le Sacre du Printemps (1996 première)". Scapino: Ballet Rotterdam website (Accessed 19 February 2010).
  • Burge, David. 1973. "Keyboard Music". Notes: Quarterly Journal of the Music Library Association 30, no. 2 (December): 361–62.
  • Buzelin, Jean, and Françoise Buzelin. 1992. Willem Breuker. Mood Indigo. Paris: Éditions du Limon. ISBN 2-907224-24-7. Dutch edition, as Françoise Buzelin and Jean Buzelin, Willem Breuker: maker van mensenmuziek. Bibliotheek Nederlandse. [Hilversum]: Centrum Nederlandse Muziek; Zutphen: Walburg Pers, 1994. ISBN 90-6011-906-1.
  • Dickinson, Peter. 1965. "Modern Dutch". The Musical Times 106, no. 1467 (May): 371.
  • Diederichs-Lafite, Marion. 1976. "Wittener Tage für neue Kammermusik". Österreichische Musikzeitschrift 31 (July–August): 382–84.
  • [Bois, Rob du]. 2008. "Du Bois, Rob". International Who's Who in Classical Music, 24th edition, edited by Robert J. Elster, 215. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-1-85743-455-2. (The 2003 edition lists him as "Bois, Rob du".)
  • [Brüggen, Frans] (ed.). 1971. Preface to Muziek voor altblokfluit (Music for Alto Recorder), second editioned. The Modern Recorder Series 1, edited by Frans Brüggen. London: Schott; New York: Schott Music Corp. (Reprinted 2000.)
  • Epstein, Paul. 1967. "Musica per flauto solo by Kees van Baaren; Ad libitum per violino e pianoforte by Rob Du Bois; Attraction for Solo Flute by Laurie Efrein; Sonatine für Oboe solo, Op. 39a by Hans Erich Apostel". Notes, second series, 23, no. 3 (March): 610–12.
  • Heim, Norman. 1979. "Music for the Bass Clarinet". The Clarinet 6, no. 3 (Spring): 18–21.
  • Heim, Norman. 1980. "Music for the Bass Clarinet Part III: A Sparnaay Collage". The Clarinet 7, no. 3 (Spring): 22–24.
  • Hunt, Edgar Hubert. 1976. "The Recorder and the Avant Garde". Recorder and Music (Incorporating Recorder News) 5 no. 6:195–202.
  • Krainis, Bernard. 1963. "Muziek voor altblokfluit by Rob du Bois". Notes, second series, 20, no. 3 (Summer): 401.
  • Lasocki, David. 2001. "Recorder". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers.
  • Lucktenberg, George, and Jerrie Lucktenberg. 1973. "Seven Little Pieces for Violin and Piano by Rob du Bois". Notes, second series 29, no. 3 (March): 553–54.
  • McDermott, Vincent. 1967. "Espaces à remplir. Pour onze musiciens (1963) by Rob du Bois; Pour faire chanter la polonaise (1965). Pour flûte, soprano et trois pianos by Rob du Bois". Notes, second series, 24, no. 1 (September): 151–52.
  • Noble, Richard. 1965. "The Recorder in Twentieth Century Music: A Personal View". The Recorder and Music Magazine 1, no. 8 (February): 243–44.
  • O'Kelly, Eve. 1990. The Recorder Today. Cambridge, New York, Port Chester, Melbourne, Sydney: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-36681-X
  • O'Kelly, Eve. 1995. "The Recorder Revival ii: The Twentieth Century and Its Repertoire". In The Cambridge Companion to the Recorder, edited by John Mansfield Thomson, assistant editor, Anthony Rowland-Jones, 152–66. Cambridge Companions to Music Series. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-35269-X (cloth); ISBN 0-521-35816-7 (pbk).
  • O'Loughlin, Niall. 1982a. "Clarinets: Prelude and Fugue for Three Clarinets by Goehr; Scena III for Clarinet by Bennett; Triptych: The Odes of Gemini for Clarinet Doubling Bass Clarinet by Cole; Three Pieces for Clarinet by Du Bois; Bao La for Clarinet by Tôn-Thât Tiêt". The Musical Times 123, no. 1668 (February): 113.
  • O'Loughlin, Niall. 1982b. "The Recorder in 20th-Century Music". Early Music 10, no. 1 (January: The Recorder, Past and Present): 36–37.
  • Ramaer, Huib. 2001a. "Bois, Rob du". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers.
  • Ramaer, Huib. 2001b. "Bon, Maarten". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers.
  • Read, Gardner. 1998. Pictographic Score Notation: A Compendium. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0-313-30469-6.
  • Samama, Leo, and Hylke van Lingen. 2006. Nederlandse muziek in de twintigste eeuw: voorspel tot een nieuwe dag, second, completely revised edition. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, and Salomé. ISBN 90-5356-862-X. (New, revised version of Zeventig jaar Nederlandse muziek 1915–1985. Amsterdam: Querido, 1986.)
  • Seignette, Jacqueline. 2013. "Overlijdensbericht Rob du Bois". IE-Forum.nl, no. 13014 (Friday 6 September, accessed 7 September 2013).
  • Slonimsky, Nicolas, Laura Kuhn, and Dennis McIntire. 2001. "Bois, Rob du". Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, centennial edition, 6 vols., Nicolas Slonimsky, editor emeritus; Laura Kuhn, Baker's series advisory editor, 1:382. New York: Schirmer Books. ISBN 0-02-865525-7
  • Swanborn, Peter. 1999. "Marsmuziek voor driebenigen". De Volkskrant (17 August).
  • Swift, Richard. 1972. "Fusion pour deux, pour clarinette basse et piano (1971) by Rob du Bois“. Notes second series, 28, no. 4 (June 1972): 777.
  • Vetter, Michael. 1966. “Einführung” / “Instruction [sic]”, in Rob du Bois, Pastoral VII, für Alt-Blockflöte/for Alto Recorder, edited by Michael Vetter, 4 and 7. Celle: Moeck Verlag.
  • Vetter, Michael. 1967. "New Recorder Music from Holland / Neue Musik für Blockflöte aus Holland". Sonorum Speculum, no. 31 (Spring): 19–25. English version reprinted, Recorder and Music Magazine 2, no. 8 (February 1968): 260; also in American Recorder 9, no. 2 (Spring 1968): 47–49.
  • Whitehead, Kevin. 2002. "ICP [Instant Composers Pool]". The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, second edition, edited by Barry Dean Kernfeld. 3 vols. London: Macmillan Publishers; New York: Grove’s Dictionaries of Music. ISBN 1-56159-284-6
  • Wouters, Jos, and Leo Samama. 2001. "Low Countries §4. Kingdom of the Netherlands". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers.