Robbio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Robbio
Comune
Comune di Robbio
Apse view of the church of St. Peter in Robbio.
Apse view of the church of St. Peter in Robbio.
Coat of arms of Robbio
Coat of arms
Robbio is located in Italy
Robbio
Robbio
Location of Robbio in Italy
Coordinates: 45°17′N 8°36′E / 45.283°N 8.600°E / 45.283; 8.600
Country Italy
Region Lombardia
Province Pavia (PV)
Frazioni La Torre
Government
 • Mayor Marcelo Gasperini
Area
 • Total 40.3 km2 (15.6 sq mi)
Elevation 122 m (400 ft)
Population (30 April 2010)[1]
 • Total 6,161
 • Density 150/km2 (400/sq mi)
Demonym Robbiesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 27038
Dialing code 0384
Patron saint Madonna del Rosario
Saint day First Sunday in September
Website Official website

Robbio is a city and comune (municipality) in the Province of Pavia in the Italian region Lombardy, located about 50 km southwest of Milan and about 45 km west of Pavia. It is part of Lomellina traditional region. Robbio borders the following municipalities: Borgolavezzaro, Castelnovetto, Confienza, Nicorvo, Palestro, Rosasco, Vespolate.

History[edit]

The area of Robbio was settled since Neolithic times. A Roman centre name Redobium is attested by Pliny the Elder.[2] Later it was a Lombard town and, later, a possession of the Catholic diocese of Vercelli. Around the 11th century it was acquired by the De Robbio family, who ruled it, together with the neighbouring area, until the 13th century, when it was contended between Vercelli and Pavia. In 1220 the latter definitively acquired it through a diploma issued by Emperor Frederick II.

Then part of the Duchy of Milan, it was entrusted to several feudal families. In 1748 it was acquired by the Kingdom of Sardinia and, in the 19th century, it became part of the province of Pavia under the newly formed Kingdom of Italy.

Main sights[edit]

  • The medieval Castle, now a public park.
  • Romanesque church of St. Peter (13th century), housing 16th-century frescoes attributed to Tommasino da Mortara.
  • The 15th-century church of San Michele, with a late Gothic-style façade.
  • Church of San Valeriano (5th/6th centuries, originally entitled to St. Andrew), enlarged by Cluniac monks in the late 11th century. The apse is now separated from the main building.

Notable people[edit]

People closely associated with Robbio include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  2. ^ Naturalis Historia, XIX,9

External links[edit]