Robe, South Australia

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This article is about the town. For the wine region in South Australia, see Robe wine region.
Robe
South Australia
RobeSAaerial2.jpg
Aerial photograph
Robe is located in South Australia
Robe
Robe
Coordinates 37°09′0″S 139°45′0″E / 37.15000°S 139.75000°E / -37.15000; 139.75000Coordinates: 37°09′0″S 139°45′0″E / 37.15000°S 139.75000°E / -37.15000; 139.75000
Population 1,246 (2006 census)[1]
Postcode(s) 5276
Location
LGA(s) District Council of Robe
State electorate(s) MacKillop
Federal Division(s) Barker
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
18.1 °C
65 °F
10.9 °C
52 °F
631.5 mm
24.9 in

Robe is a town and fishing port located in the Limestone Coast of South Australia. The town's distinctive combination of historical buildings, ocean, fishing fleets, lakes and dense bush is widely appreciated. Robe lies on the southern shore of Guichen Bay, just off the Princes Highway. At the 2006 census, Robe had a population of 1,246.[1] Robe is the main town in the District Council of Robe local government area. It is in the state electorate of MacKillop and the federal Division of Barker.

History[edit]

Robe is one of the oldest towns in South Australia, founded by the colonial government as a seaport, administrative centre and village only ten years after British settlers formally established the Province of South Australia.

Robe was named after the fourth Governor of South Australia, Major Frederick Robe, who chose the site as a port in 1845. The town was proclaimed as a port in 1847. It became South Australia's second-busiest (after Port Adelaide) international port in the 1850s. Robe's trade was drawn from a large hinterland that extended into western Victoria, and many roadside inns were built to cater for the bullock teamsters bringing down the wool, including th 'Bush Inn' still standing on the outskirts of Robe. Exports included horses and sheep skins and wool. The Customs House is listed by the National Trust of Australia. A stone obelisk was built on Cape Dombey in 1852 to assist ships to navigate safely into the bay. Even so, there have been a number of shipwrecks along the coast in the area. An automatic lighthouse was built on higher ground in 1973.

During the Victorian gold rushes around 1857, over 16,000 Chinese people landed at Robe to travel overland to the goldfields, as Victoria introduced a landing tax of £10 per person (more than the cost of their voyage) to reduce the number of Chinese immigrants. The immigrants then walked the 200 miles (320 km) to Ballarat and Bendigo.

Robe's importance decreased with the advent of railways which did not come to the town. It became a local service centre for the surrounding rural areas. It is still home to a fleet of fishing boats. Especially important are the local lobsters.

Environment[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Robe
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 39.2
(102.6)
39.6
(103.3)
35.8
(96.4)
31.7
(89.1)
26.5
(79.7)
20.4
(68.7)
21.2
(70.2)
22.8
(73)
26.6
(79.9)
33.3
(91.9)
36.5
(97.7)
37.1
(98.8)
39.6
(103.3)
Average high °C (°F) 22.5
(72.5)
22.6
(72.7)
21.1
(70)
18.8
(65.8)
16.4
(61.5)
14.3
(57.7)
13.6
(56.5)
14.3
(57.7)
15.7
(60.3)
17.6
(63.7)
19.5
(67.1)
21.2
(70.2)
18.1
(64.6)
Average low °C (°F) 13.6
(56.5)
13.7
(56.7)
12.7
(54.9)
11.5
(52.7)
10.2
(50.4)
8.8
(47.8)
8.1
(46.6)
8.5
(47.3)
9.2
(48.6)
10.3
(50.5)
11.4
(52.5)
12.7
(54.9)
10.9
(51.6)
Record low °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
5.1
(41.2)
5.0
(41)
2.2
(36)
0.8
(33.4)
−0.1
(31.8)
−2.6
(27.3)
0.2
(32.4)
0.4
(32.7)
2.1
(35.8)
3.2
(37.8)
3.9
(39)
−2.7
(27.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 20.1
(0.791)
18.0
(0.709)
26
(1.02)
46.0
(1.811)
73.0
(2.874)
95
(3.74)
104.
(4.09)
86.0
(3.386)
59.0
(2.323)
44.0
(1.732)
30.0
(1.181)
27.0
(1.063)
631.0
(24.843)
Source: [2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Robe (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  2. ^ "Climate Statistics For Robe". Australian Bureau of Meteorology. 
  • Susan Marsden, A glimpse of golden days, District Council of Robe, 1985.

External links[edit]