Robert Del Naja
|Robert Del Naja|
Robert del Naja performing with Massive Attack in Sydney, 2010
|Also known as||3D, Delge|
|Born||21 January 1966|
|Genres||Trip hop, electronica|
|Associated acts||Massive Attack, The Wild Bunch, UNKLE|
Robert Del Naja (pron. /ˈrɒbə(r)t dɛl ˈnaʒa/; born 21 January 1966), also known as 3D, is an English artist and musician. Initially gaining notoriety as a graffiti artist and member of the Bristol collective known as "The Wild Bunch", Del Naja went on to become a founding member of the band Massive Attack, with whom he is still active.
Del Naja is one of the founding members of Bristol trip hop collective Massive Attack, who have released 5 studio albums and 2 compilation albums, and has often featured as a vocalist on their releases. In addition to his work with Massive Attack, he provided vocals to "Invasion" on UNKLE's album Never, Never, Land, and "Twilight" on War Stories.
Art work 
Del Naja was a graffiti artist before becoming a vocalist. His work has been featured in magazines and on record sleeves. The graffiti artist Banksy cites his work as an influence. Del Naja is credited as one of the people who brought the American hip-hop and graffiti culture from the USA to Bristol in the early 1980s.
Del Naja has designed and painted all of Massive Attack's album sleeves, collaborating with Judy Blame, Tom Hingston and photographer Nick Knight. Del Naja also created the cover art for Unkle's four consecutive albums: War Stories, More Stories, End Titles... Stories for Film and End Titles... Redux, including the dedicated merchandise.
Del Naja took part in a group show in 2007 called 'Warpaint' at the "Lazarides" gallery, London, featuring his art from the Unkle album "War Stories". He also created an exhibition of flags at "Massive Attack's Meltdown festival" on London's south bank in 2008. The installation was called "Favoured Nations". Alternative flags of the British commonwealth recoloured in the anarchist red and black, were hung from the ceiling of the Royal Festival Hall main floor.
In a 2010 interview, Del Naja said "Painting is difficult for me because I'm colour blind. Back in the day, I had to label my spray cans with what colour they were because I couldn't tell ... It's like the emperor's new clothes: [people] telling me it's great, and me pretending that's what I intended."
Musical scene and artistic peers 
Robert has said of the Bristol Scene "We all grew up listening to punk music and funk stuff and those attitudes sort of snuck into our music. That sort of brought people from different circles together and maybe it wasn't as 'cultural melting pot' as it all sounds but because Bristol is quite a small place, it becomes a lot more focused then."
Robert Del Naja wrote the song Manchild for Neneh Cherry.
In January 2013 Massive Attack announced a special collaboration with the film-maker Adam Curtis for this year's Manchester international festival. Massive Attack v Adam Curtis – described by the band's Robert del Naja as "a collective hallucination"
Music for film 
Massive attack's music has been used in a series of film releases. Del Naja has also co-written a series of film scores and original pieces with writer/producer, Neil Davidge, and contributed to the 2008 film Gomorra, also featuring Euan Dickinson, that went on to win the award for David di Notello "best original song" . Most recently Del Naja contributed to the Mexican film Dias de Gracia with Tim Goldsworthy.
Political stance 
Del Naja has been critical about government policy. He was strongly opposed to the 2003 United States war against Iraq, and with fellow musician Damon Albarn paid for full page adverts in the NME magazine.
In 2005 Del Naja organised and performed at a charity concert in Bristol for Tsunami Relief with Adrian Utley and Geoff Barrow of Portishead. The two-night event featured Massive Attack, Portishead, Robert Plant, The Coral and Damon Albarn and raised around £100,000 for the British Red Cross
Del Naja and Marshall performed three sell out shows in 2005 in support of Hoping, an organisation that helps raise money, support projects for Palestinian youth in refugee camps in the occupied territories and Lebanon and Syria. The shows managed to raise over £100,000.
Del Naja and Damon Albarn with the help of United Visual Artists campaigned against Trident nuclear sub renewal aboard the Arctic Sunrise on the Thames.
In 2008, Massive Attack curated the annual Meltdown festival on London's south bank. During the two weeks of live performance, cinema and art, they teamed up with human rights lawyer Clive Stafford Smith and his Reprieve organisation which uses the law to enforce the human rights of prisoners.
In 2010, the video for shot by Oliver Chanarin and Adam Bloomberg for the song "Saturday come slow", featuring Damon Albarn, the band drew attention to the use of music in torture; the video features a victim of music torture, Ruhal Ahmed.
In 2010, Massive Attack donated the income from a Lincoln car commercial, to the clean up after the BP oil spill disaster. Massive Attack donated all proceeds from their 2010 EP Atlas Air this week for "War Child", a charity the band previously supported when they contributed to the HELP album.
Del Naja supports the Palestinian Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel and his band will not perform in Israel, a stance Del Naja qualifies as being "not an action of aggression towards the Israeli people" but "towards the [Israeli] government and its policies", arguing that "the Palestinians [in Israel] have no access to the same fundamental benefits that the Israelis do."
Del Naja and Thom Yorke of Radiohead threw an unofficial office Xmas party at the occupied USB bank in the city of London in December 2011, in recognition and support for the international Occupy movement.
Having previously boycotted playing at Bristol's Colston Hall due to its connection with the city's historic slave trade, in October 2012, Del Naja heavily criticised Bristol Mayor candidate George Ferguson because of his membership of a local organisation the Society of Merchant Venturers. The organisation dates back to the 16th century and had many connections with the Bristol slave trade, continuing to this day as an elitist private organisation, open to very few by invitation only. In November 2012 Del Naja then took a surprising stance to reverse his position and endorse the politically independent, wealthy, ex LibDem parliamentary candidate, George Ferguson. Del Naja was cited by local media as saying that the other candidates had only party political agendas at heart and a newly elected mayor needed more imagination to help implement creative projects for Bristol.
- "Filthy Modern Art - Street Artists, Stencils, Graffiti - Originals and Prints". Retrieved 29 January 2013.
- "Red Lines: Bristol, England". Retrieved 29 January 2013.
- Swindle magazine, issue #8
- Steve Wright, "Banksy's Bristol: Home Sweet Home", Tangent Books, Bath (2007), pp. 3-4. ISBN 9781906477004
- "Meltdown". Retrieved 15 September 2012. Text " FAVOURED NATIONS BY ROBERT DEL NAJA" ignored (help)
- "Massive Attack per Stefano Cucchi". Retrieved 15 September 2012. Text " Global Project" ignored (help)
- "Massive Attack". Retrieved 15 September 2012. Text " United Visual Artists" ignored (help)
- "deluxxdigital.com issue 16". Issuu. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- Massive Attack's art of darkness, The Guardian, 6 Feb 2010. Retrieved Feb 2013.
- Dave "the Wave" Dresden, Interview with Massive Attack, about.com. Retrieved on 2009-06-16.
- "Hoping Foundation". Retrieved 15 September 2012. Text " Massive Attack Hoping for Palestine" ignored (help)
- "River Thames to host protest against Trident renewal". Greenpeace UK. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- "Reprieve—Memories of Meltdown". Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- "Reprieve—Massive Attack speak out against music torture". Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- "Massive Attack Donate Proceeds of Lincoln Car Commercial To Clean-Up Efforts In The Gulf of Mexico". Retrieved 15 September 2012. Text " Save Our Gulf" ignored (help)
- "BBC - 6Music News - Massive Attack for War Child". BBC Online. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- "The silent treatment", by William Parry, New Statesman, 3 September 2010
- "Dazed Digital". Occupy 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- Staff (9 October 2012). "Massive Attack star criticises Bristol Mayor candidate George Ferguson". This Is Bristol. Retrieved 8 May 2013.
- Nash, Andrew. "The Society of Merchant Venturers". Bristol Slavery. Andrew Nash.
- Brown, Christopher (14 November 2012). "Bristol mayor: Massive Attack give vocal backing for Ferguson". Bristol 24-7. Retrieved 8 May 2013.